JOTTINGS  ON  THE  HISTORY

 OF

SOUTH  PEMBROKESHIRE

 

LLANSTADWELL PARISH

pre 1900

COMPILED

BY

B.H.J. Hughes

Back to Gazetteer

This is not a History of the Parish but Jottings on the History.

I collect and store information on my computer and occasionally someone will ask "do I know anything about an area",  I sort  my files all out, try to get the information into a logical sequence. In the case of Llanstadwell, my original interest stems from research into the history of the Craddock/Newton family of Newton Weir and Angle.

For those interested in the History of Neyland may I suggest the chapter entitled "The Towns of Pembrokeshire 1815-1974 in Pembrokeshire Modern History Volume IV.

I would like to thank all those who helped make these Jottings possible especially the staff of Pembroke Dock & Haverfordwest Public Libraries, the Pembrokeshire Records Office, the Public Records Office.

ISBN    1 898687 03 X

  B H J Hughes


Contents                                                                                                          page

Chapter 1              Before the Normans                                                           4

Chapter 2              Churches and Chapels                                                       5

Chapter 3              Population, people & Events                                             12

Chapter 4              Education                                                                         18

Chapter 5              Wages and Employment                                                   19

Chapter 6              Newtons                                                                            21

Biblography                                                                                                   25


Chapter 1 Before the Normans.

Today Neyland is the predominant name used to describe the area which was originally (and still is) the parish of Llanstadwell, although the name Neyland does not appear in written records until 1596 and not in its present spelling till 1793[1].

Llanstadwell  (as Lanstadhewal) on the other hand was mentioned by Giraldus Cambrensis writing in the  twelfth  century and was a well established community then, being a fertile farming area, warmed by the waters of the Milford Haven, providing a rich variety of sources of food.

Evidence that the area has been inhabited since early times, was of some importance being worth defending, is supplied by names of some of the fields.  Camp Park, a field in the north east of the parish near the boundary with Rosemarket has the scanty remains of a rath and there was another of which traces have completely disappeared although the field name Camp meadow might give some indication of the site as well might Mount Meadow.  In 1841 Lewis records that "some remains of two ancient British encampments, comprising each an area of about one acre, are visible; one is situated at the north-eastern extremity of the parish, nearly opposite the village of Rhosmarket, and the other at its south-western extremity, on a point on the shore of Milford Haven. "Would the latter have been in part of the area now utilised by the Refinery?

Taking the field names into consideration the old field names of Longstone, Longstone Park, Longstone Meadow near Waterston could indicate that in the long distant past that here could have been the site of a burial chamber but that all traces have been destroyed. There is of course one in the next parish of Burton. Bronze age man also left his mark with a scattering of burnt mounds, low mounds of burnt cracked stone situated near a stream, the remains, it is presumed, of early to middle Bronze age cooking sites.

With the coming of Christianity to the area, the name Llanstadwell, a Celtic enclosure or church site (Llan) coupled with what would appear to be the name of the Saint to whom the church is dedicated (Tudwal), would suggest a very early Celtic Christian settlement. There have been questions raised about the name of the Saint as St Tudwal is more usually associated with Churches in the north of Wales. Certainly the settlement was one of importance with a ruling Welsh family or clas whose were direct descendants of Howell Dda the last Welsh ruler of the whole of Wales and the great law giver with a palace at Whitland. A family whose descendants played a very important part in the life of Pembrokeshire and of medieval Britain.

Compared with many of the towns of the area Llanstadwell  today appears insignificant but in 1578 it was important enough to appear on the first map of Pembrokeshire by Christopher Saxon who under the authority  of Queen Elizabeth I, surveyed the whole of England and Wales. His map of Pembrokeshire is dated 1578 and both Llanstadwell and Newton appear on it. They both appear on Speede's map of 1610 and Llanstadwell is recorded on Capt. Collin's Navigational Chart of the Milford Haven compiled in the 1690's. Nayland, Llanstadwell and Newton are shown by Lewis Morris on his plan of Milford Haven published on the 29th September 1748.

According to a survey of Crown lands in 1623-4; it was apparent that the remnants of the old manorial system was still in existence in the area, with tenants farming several small pieces of land intermingled with that of their fellow tenants and at that time it was recommended that the various holdings should be consolidated so that the tenants could enclose them, but this process still had not been completed by the mid 1700's in Llanstadwell and not till the 1800's in Honeyborough.

Chapter 2 Churches & Chapels.

The Parish Church Dedicated to St Tudwell[2]

It would be very safe to assume that the present  Church has Celtic origins and that there was a church on the site  founded well before the Norman period dedicated to a Saint Tadwell or Tudwal.

St Tudwal[3] very little known of origins except that he was a native of Britain and his mothers name was Pompaea (was he of Romano British descent ?) He was reputed to be by the Celtic Church a Saint and Bishop and spent much time in Brittany around Leon. About this period many of the "Saints" of Britain left the country to avoid the "Yellow" plague, was he one of them? It is alleged that he left Britain with his mother and 72 monks and spent the rest of his life working in abroad. One of his foundations was a large monastery at Trequier called "Val Trechor"   He is said to have died on November 30th 553 AD. (So little is known about him that it is difficult to find any link between him and Llanstadwell - did he establish the first Llan there before he went abroad or did one of his followers or monks?)

 

The present Church, unfortunately, like so may of our local churches has been Victorianised although there are still signs in the base of some of the walls and in the interior of earlier work. Laws records that the Church had one of the very few examples of Norman architecture in the county, a round late Norman arch. The tall tower at the west end is reputed to have been originally 15c and the nave, chancel and the north chapel could date from the 13c. The Piscine is probably of that date as well. There is a blocked lancet window on the north side of the chancel and a squint in the north chapel. The floor and walls were raised several feet in 1876 and the porch, vestry, south transept porch and windows all date from that time. The Royal Commission of Ancient Monuments says that it was "most drastically restored in 1876 when both walls and floor were raised 4 ft." The font has a modern circular shaft and square base. The Elizabethan Communion Cup gave the name as Lanstetwall.

According to the Royal Commission on Ancient Monuments:

"The building (most drastically restored in 1876 when both walls and floor were raised 4 ft.) consists of Chancel (16 1/2 ft. by 16 ft.) nave (27ft. by 17 ft.) west tower (17 ft square)In the north wall of the chancel are traces of a single light now blocked. In the south wall is a plain piscina. The chancel arch is modern. The recent alterations have concealed a squint from the chancel to the north transept. All the windows of the building are modern, as are the north porch and doorway. The font (29in by 25 in., with basin 19in by 18 in) is plain and stands on a modern circular shaft and square base. The tower of three stages, has a plain corbel table and battlements, with a string course about mid height. In the north east angle is the stair turret containing 75 stairs. The lower story of the tower is vaulted; it opens to the nave by a plain pointed arch, but has no external doorway.

The Manor and Church originally belonged to the Bishop of St David's but Giraldus Cambrensis records[4] That in the period between 1115 and 1148 while Bernard was Bishop of St David's that the lands alienated by Wilfred (the previous Bishop) and the manora of Lanstadhewal and St Ysmael on Milverdic haven, occupied by newcomers and strangers, were not recovered by him or any other afterwards.

It would appear that the newcomers and strangers that Giraldus was talking about were the monks of the priory of Black Canons founded by Robert Fitz Richard castellan and lord of Haverfordwest, called also Robert de Hwlfoordd, who founded a priory on the bank of the river, a short distance from the town, a priory of in which he afterwards passed the remainder of his life.

According to the Taxatio of 1291 it is referred to as "Lanstowel" and valued at 6  13s  4d which made it one of the poorer churches belonging to the priory, only Dale having a lower value. The fact that the parish was not of great value would have put a tremendous strain on the resources of Thomas Balymore, Vicar of Llanstadwell in 1393 when he entertained Richard II at his house, the King awaiting passage to Ireland but was delayed by bad weather.  He was reimbursed though as it is recorded that on August 25th 1393 1 payment of 40 shillings was made to the Vicar. The financial situation had not improved by 1517 as it was recorded that Llanstadwell excepted from paying the 2 tenths tax granted to the lord King  because it was so poor.  To emphasis this, when taxed in 1543 The Churchwardens of Llanstadwell, David Webbe and Robert Broune had to collect 11d, Burton whose Churchwardens at the time were Watkyn Colen and William Goodrige had to find 3s  2d[5].

Shortly after the dissolution, the rectory was on 10th May 1545 (with others) leased to Sir Henry Jones, of the king's household, for 21 years[6] and by 1610 William Walters of Roch owned the rectory of Llanstadwell. The financial situation had not improved very much in spite of the change of ownership and in 1671 the living was valued at 74, another record of seven years later states that this was one of the parishes whose parsonage was  recorded as either inadequate or out of repair. How large a congregation attended the Church during this time is not recorded but there are records which show that at Easter 1758 there were 80 communicants out of a possible 130.

In 1795 Lewis Child, who held estates at Begelly and Newton, bought the tithes of Llanstadwell. He paid 3000 guineas for them and in 1841 Lewis records that the living is a discharged vicarage in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's rated in the king's books at 7.  17s endowed with 200 royal bounty and 200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of Lewis Child esq., to whom two thirds of the great and small tithes were impropriated, the remaining third belonging to the vicar. Mr Child has recently disposed of the greater part of his tithes to the respective proprietors of the lands. The church, dedicated to St Tudwal, is an ancient structure in good repair, pleasantly situated on the margin of the haven, in the southern part of the parish.

The parish covered an area of 3971 acres in 1851[7] with a total population of 905 of which 431 were male and 474 female. The income consisted of endowed land 11; tithe 109; glebe 4 fees. The church could seat 175 of which 50 seats were free and the average attendance was recorded as 110 plus 20 scholars.  The Vicar, Rev. Joseph Tombs lived in Hill St Haverfordwest so would have had to travel that distance to take services or to visit parishioners.

{The Church registers are archived in the National Library of Wales and cover the periods; Baptisms 1714 - 1904

Marriages 1714 - 1892:  Burials 1714- 1903}

Francis Green and T. W. Barker in "Pembrokeshire Parsons" list the Vicars who have served the parish as

1393           Thomas Balymore

1535-6         Hugh Baker - vicar had an income of 8 per annum [8]

1546            John Pobling vicar of Llanstadwell - granted a licence to hold more than one living      

1554 Dec. 31    Thomas Stevins

1565 Mar 9     Abraham Rede

1620 Nov. 13    John Vaughan

1623 May 14    John Prichard

1626           Robert Perry

1634 Oct. 26    Marc Carre

1662       John Luntley vicar of Llanstadwell removed from his living because he refused to comply with the Act of Uniformity and use the Book of Common Prayer - returned to his former trade of hatter. He was a supporter of Peregrine Phillips and in 1663 both Peregrine Phillips and John Luntley together with four people from Narberth were prosecuted for refusing to attend the parish church - in 1668 John Luntley - described as "the miller" established a Non-Conformist church at Nolton. [9]

1665 Jan. 31    Thomas Price

               Richard Swaine

1709 Feb. 2     John Williams

1714 Sep 23    Thomas Davies

1745 Aug. 9     John Phillips

1776 Jun. 15    John Jordan MA

1778 Jul. 1     John Phillips MA

1802 Jan. 22    Benjamin Gibbon

1813 Mar 4     Thomas Owen MA

1851 Jan. 1     Joseph Tombs BA

1858 Jan. 12    Peter Phelps

1866 Mar 23    Henry Sheppard Green MA

1870 Apr. 28    Henry Philip William Hughes LLD

1871 Sep 28    John Echlin Armstrong DD

1873 Mar 14    George Valentine Wheeler

1873 Sep 2     Lacy Henry Rumsey MA (services where held at 11am and 6pm)

1911 Jul. 1     David Lewis Davies BA

Chapel's

1841 there was a Wesleyan Methodist Chapel at Waterston, Llanstadwell parish. This came under the Pembroke circuit  and was built in 1836, had a membership of about 50 with seats for 60 of which 50 were free  but had declined greatly in numbers  by 1890. But was still in use in October 20th 1937 when it had been agreed to close the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel at Pennar Pembroke Dock to surrender the lease for the Chapel and the house to the Orielton estate and to dispose of the contents. The Pulpit and Organ were sold to Waterston Chapel for 1 each.  The Wesleyan's at Neyland had been using the Ferry Schoolroom (see Education) but it was not very satisfactory. The building was in a very poor state of repair, cold and with little furniture, and although they only used it one day they had to pay 15 shillings a year rent.

Another Wesleyan Methodist Chapel was built at Neyland in 1850 this could accommodate 157 seats of which there were 70 free. Sunday  Services were held at 10 30am and 6pm with an average attendance in 1851  morning 50 + 30 scholars, evening 100 + 15 scholars. Thomas Evans was appointed Steward, he was a Joiner and lived in Neyland. It was built between Hazelbeach and Neyland close to the Shore and because it was exposed to all the harsh winter winds of the Haven was very cold.  When the Chapel was built the population it would cater for was said to be about 200 but they miscalculated, when it was built, the direction and size in which the town would expand.

At a meeting held in the Wesleyan Chapel Pembroke Dock on Saturday 5th May 1877 it was agreed to build a new Chapel, and trustees appointed for the building. They were Rev. J. Harris, Rev. E. H. Maidment, Mr. G. Coppleston, Mr. Skyrme, Mr. Jones, Mr. Williams, Mr. Brown, Mr. R. Rees, Mr. J. Green, Mr. A. Traylor.

The Foundation stone was laid by E. Lort Phillips at 3pm on 21st May 1877 and the Pembroke Dock Chapel Choir attended.  The architect appointed was Mr Ladd at a commission of 3% of the total cost of the building and he offered to donate 5 of his commission to the building fund. The total cost including 100 for the value of the ground rent was expected to be 1039.

The architect was requested to apply for tenders for the construction but when, at a meeting at Pembroke Dock, the tenders were opened they were all over the estimate and the decision was postponed for a week to enable methods of obtaining additional funds to be considered. Finally the tender of Messrs Wilkins and Young was accepted on 23rd July 1877 with the proviso that work was to start immediately.  Work did, but may be too quickly as later a deduction was made on the amount paid to the builder because of the omission of the Damp Proof course in the foundation of the building.

Soon after one of the guiding lights on the move to build the new Chapel, Rev. E. Maidment left the circuit.

The List of Trustees who signed the lease is as follows:-

Richard Rees                        Iron Tester                                            Pembroke Dock

Thomas Evans                     Joiner                                                     Neyland

William Jones                       Pensioner                                               Neyland

Daniel William                     Grocer                                                    Neyland

John Beddow                       Smith                                                     Neyland

Thomas Pearn                      Master Mariner                                    Neyland

Charles Jefferies                  Forman of Engine Drivers                  Neyland

Thomas Cousins                  Storekeeper                                           Neyland

Thomas Blasbury                                Blacksmith                                           Neyland

Thomas Griffiths                 Blacksmith                                           Neyland

George Thomas                   Sailor                                                      Neyland

James Beddows                   Engine Fitter                                         Neyland

Howell Davies                      Manager of  Bank                               Neyland

George Theobald Davies    Postmaster                                            Pembroke Dock

William Dawkins                 Gentleman                                            Pembroke

Edwin Thomas                     Auctioneer and Land Agent              Pembroke

David Jenkins                       Draper                                                    Pembroke Dock

Edwin Trayler                       Draper                                                    Pembroke Dock

Arthur Trayler                      Draper                                                    Pembroke Dock

Jonas Nelson Trayler          Courier                                                   Pembroke

Thomas Codd                      Farmer                                                   Sageston

John Green                            Grocer                                                    Pembroke Dock

John B Skyrme                    Shipwright             Meyrick St.           Pembroke Dock

William Vallick Copplestone   Foreman  H M Dockyard            Pembroke Dock

Thomas Phillips                   Foreman Ordinance Depot                                Pembroke Dock

William Augel                       Ironmonger                                           Pembroke Dock

Thomas Brown                    Gentleman            Bush St.,                Pembroke Dock

James Hutchings                 Draper                                                    Pembroke Dock

James Lowless                     Draper                                                    Pembroke Dock

The new Chapel was opened on 15th July 1878 and Mr Jones was appointed Chapel Steward but there were problems.

The Trustees were not satisfied with the quality of the work.

The Contractor and Architect were summoned to a meeting with the trustees at which the following points were raised:-

The trustees were not satisfied as to the strength of the roof (this had to be strengthened in 1893). There were problems with the Cornice, the thickness of the walls did not meet specification (buttresses had to be added in 1893), problems with the partitions in the schoolroom, no damp course installed, defective hinges on the pew doors and the floor boards which should have been 1 1/4 inches thick were only 1 1/8".

In the original lease of the land permission had been given for the construction of a Chapel Caretakers house, in 1884 (10th Dec.) the Trustees applied to Mr. Phillips for permission to build a Minister's House instead.

The Chapel was licensed for marriages in January 1887 although the Chapel did not have a safe to keep records in and had to use a deed box. The Trustees agreed to give a Bible and Hymn book to the first couple married there.

There were still unresolved problems with the building and, at a meeting on June 23rd 1893, it was agreed to strengthen the present building and provide additional accommodation in it, partly by the installation of a gallery, although later there would be complaints about the behaviour of children in the gallery during services. It was also considered as to the feasibility of erecting a new Sunday School and suitable classrooms. There was some delay in approving the plans and raising the funds but work, with the exception of the new schoolroom was undertaken in 1897. By 1922 it was found that the windows were in a very poor state and that year new windows were fitted by Camm & Co. of Birmingham at a cost of 105.

A Baptist Chapel was built in Honeyborough  1840.

[10]Messrs. Wilcock, James Jones and Thomas Roberts of Hayston; all three members of the Baptist Church Pope Hill obtained permission in 1835 from Mr Magdon the schoolmaster of the school at Waterston  to use the schoolroom  on Sundays for Services The first who preached in the schoolroom was Mr. Henry Williams of Sardis; and the second was Mr. John Williams of Bethany, Pembroke Dock, who subsequently became a minister in New Zealand. The Rev. James Hughes Thomas, Molleston, was also among the early preachers at Waterston

Honeyborough  Baptist After a short while  Mr. Harris, a Home Missionary was appointed to take charge  and the congregation gradually increased. It soon became apparent that a larger purpose built chapel was necessary, so some members of the congregation approached Mr. James of Honeyborough, requesting him to let them on lease a piece of ground on which to build a chapel. Mr James granted them a lease for a number of years at a very nominal rent. Mr William Rees, solicitor, Haverfordwest, who was very well known for the practical interest he took in the new churches springing up at this time in the county, prepared the necessary conveyance. Meanwhile services were held in a barn in Little Honeyborough, as the accommodation at Waterston was insufficient and a Sunday School established which was well attended. As there seemed  that the Home Mission was indefinitely delayed the building of the much needed chapel, Mr Evans formed a committee of a few members they undertook the work, and by their  co-operation  they had the joy of seeing their "Hephzibah" as they named it, opened for Divine Services. This took place in the year 1840. The chapel was subsequently handed over to the Committee of the Home Mission, who provided the preaching supplies for some time.  The new Chapel could accommodate 200 free seats 130 other 70.

The first minister of the church was the Rev. D. J. Morgan of Sardis. He was succeeded by the Rev. Thomas, Pope Hill. He was followed by the Rev Samuel Burn who had the oversight of the church for five years. Following Mr Burn, comes the name of the Rev Thomas D Matthias, during which time the chapel was enlarged and the interior re-arranged. The Rev James Williams, later of Beulah, Dowlais, succeeded Mr Matthias, and ministered to this church for three years. In January 1874, the Rev William Gay settled here as minister of the church and Sardis and after for two years, left in 1876 for Yorkshire where he became minister of the Baptist Church, Golcar, Huddersfield. In October 1876, this church in conjunction with Sardis, gave a hearty invitation to the Rev James Johns of Bethlehem and Salem. Rev J John  ministered to the congregation for 18 years till in 1894,  he left to take the ministerial over sight of Horeb Baptist Church, Blaenavon, Mon., where he died June 1896 at the age of 47 years. His body was brought from Blaenavon, Monmouthshire, and was laid to rest in Sardis burial ground. In 1895, this church invited the Rev. David Lewis to minister to them.

By the year 1904, much needed renovations and repairs were required to the chapel which necessitated massive fund-raising but such was the enthusiasm that at the reopening service they realised even more than they actually required.

The deacons in 1907 of the church were:-  Messrs.  James Davies, Charles Jones, Edward Harries, Caleb Bevans, John Jones, William Edmond, Thomas Thomas, James Hire and James Thomas. The assistant preachers were Messrs. G.H. Biddlecombe and J. Wilcox.

Bethesda Chapel formed in 1863.

A Baptist Chapel was built here, and a Church formed about ten or eleven years prior to the above date. a man named Peter Scurlock leased a piece of  ground from the Lawrenny Estate, situated near the Railway Station, where a chapel was built in 1850 for Baptists to assemble for divine worship There was seating accommodation for 240 with an average general congregation, in 1851, of 73 with 70 scholars. Mr. John Edwards was listed as the Manager, he was a Leading Man of Shipwrights.  The following eleven trustees were elected: Messrs  John Jones, Honeyborough; Thomas Evans, Neyland; W. George, Barn Lake; John Edwards, Neyland and Benjamin Scurlock, Thomas Brown, John Molland, John Mumford, Owen Jones, John Griffiths, William John of  Pembroke Dock. That seven of the eleven trustees were from Pembroke Dock, and connected with Bethel Baptist Church, Bush St., and it is presumed that Bethel Church took some part in initiating and supporting this chapel. But it only existed for about seven years, for in 1858, Mr William Rees, solicitor, Haverfordwest, acting on behalf of the Church and trustees, sold it to the great Western Railway Company, who wanted the property for their own use, as its closeness to the newly built railway with the extensive traffic would render it inconvenient, if not wholly impracticable for its original purpose as a place of worship. After the liabilities of the chapel were paid, there was a balance in hand with Mr Rees of 178   4s  10d., which he invested in interest for the Church until a suitable site and building were secured. Four or five years however elapsed before any practical steps were taken

In 1862, a lease of the present site was granted by the Lawrenny Estate for 99 years at a ground rent of 1 a year to Mr. David Reynolds. New trustees were elected, a chapel built at a cost of 367  6s  2d., and opened in 1863, and the Church was constitutionally formed. The money from the old chapel which Mr Rees had invested, together with the interest,  considerably reduced the debt on the new chapel .The first  minister of this Church was Rev Ebenezer Edwards, who formally settled here in May 1864 but he resigned in  March 1865. In August 1865 the Rev. David Lewis, who had completed his studies at Haverfordwest College, was ordained minister, he served until July 1871. For fourteen months after the resignation of Mr. Lewis, the Church had no minister.   In September 1872, Rev. Morgan Humphrey Jones, who also studied at Haverfordwest College, was ordained its minister and stayed for five years. Again a Student of Haverfordwest College was chosen. Rev Joseph Watkins Edwards, was ordained here September 1878, he died in  March 1888, and in November 1888  Rev David Howells was invited to become minister, he resigned in December 1893 to become the minister of Penrhiwceiber Baptist Church. In June 1894, the Rev Benjamin Chubb Evans took oversight of the church. At this time new and more commodious chapel was felt to be necessary. For some years they had been collecting for this purpose, and it was felt that the time had arrived for them to rise and build. So, in the Spring of 1902, the foundation stone was laid, and in October 1903, the chapel, capable of holding 600 persons was opened for Divine worship. The estimated value of this property was 2000. The new Chapel, stands in front of the old one.

In 1907 according to returns to the Association its Church membership was 292.

The deacons of the Church were:- Messrs. William Williams, Philip Philips, John Davies, D. P. Davies, James Davies, Levi Phillips, John Evans and Edward Journeaux.

[11]Neyland Calvinistic Methodist Church (Zion)

The Neyland Chapel was built in the year 1861 and opened in the  September 1861. . Its first deacon was Mr John Hughes of Leonardston Farm, brother of the Mr James Hughes of Froghall, who had been a well known deacon of the church at Wiston. Mr John Hughes, like his brother, was born and bred a Calvinistic Methodist. Before the building of the chapel, a Sunday School had been established as far back as 1859. It was held first in the house of David and Mary Ann George, Charles St. Afterwards, the school was removed to a larger room in the house of one John Evans, in the same street, where it remained till the opening of the chapel. Among the first children who attended the school were Thomas and James and Mary Ann Woodcock. Mrs Woodcock was a member of the church at Pembroke Dock, but the family had removed to Neyland, and she was transferred and became the senior member of the Neyland Church. Other names given as among the first scholars are George, Margaret, and Sarah Williams, the last named becoming Mrs Evans, of Bufferland, Pembroke Dock., also Mr. Peter Evans, Neyland Vale. The superintendent was Elias Harries, Pembroke Dock. He was accompanied by Mr. Theophilus Jones, Mr. Joseph Merriman and others. He had done similar pioneer work before at Burton. The same brethren also conducted prayer meetings on Sunday evenings, and occasionally too on week evenings in the house of Mr John Morgan, a goods guard on the Great Western Railway, who came from Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, to Neyland after the completion of the line to what was then called New Milford

When the chapel was opened, Elias Harries brought over the choir of the Pembroke Dock Chapel.

The opening service was conducted by the late Rev. Moses Williams, then of Carmarthen. The Revs. W. Powell and Lewis Evans were also present; and the Rev. David Howell of Swansea preached on the occasion. Mr. Williams was asked and decided to remove from Carmarthen to Neyland. He commenced his ministry in September 1862.

In addition to Mrs. Woodcock, Mr. and Mrs. John Morgan, Mr. and Mrs. John Hughes, already named, the church was joined early by Mr. Caesar Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Llewellyn, Waterston, Mr. and Mrs. George Davies, Mr. John Griffiths, Mr. Patrick, Church Lake, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Snoddy, and several others. Mr. Powell and Mr. Lewis Evans visited families to encourage them to join the church.

The church in Neyland made good progress, and in ten years, it needed improved accommodation and a room for the Sunday School,

These alterations included the installation of a gallery with a harmonium, a schoolroom, new pews, and a new pulpit. The renovated church reopened on Sunday, 26th of November 1871 when  the Rev. William Powell, Pembroke preached in the morning and the collections amounted to 25/5/-. Cost of the total renovation, together with the harmonium had been 350.  But in March 1874, the Rev. Moses Williams left and he was succeeded by the Rev. T. M. Davies, then of Haverfordwest, came to be minister of the church at Neyland, where he remained till 1881. He was followed by the Rev. Thomas Morgan, who held the ministry from 1882 till 1888. Both Mr. Davies and Mr. Morgan went to Australia. The next minister of Neyland was the Rev. J. R. Hughes, from 1889 - 1894, and he was followed by Rev. B. P. Morris, from 1895 - 1905. It was during this latter period that, a house in John Street was bought for a manse.

Following after the first deacon of the Church Mr. John Hughes formerly of Leonardston, but latterly of Hazelbeach, where he died about the year 1890, Mr. John Morgan, the guard, and Mr. John Griffiths were added to the diaconate. Later on in Mr. Davies' time Mr. G. E. Stephens and Mr. Jas. Llewelyn were selected for the office followed by Dr. Symmons and Mr. Rees. The next elected to be a deacon was Mr. John Edwards and shortly afterwards, Mr. Walter Evans and Mr. Wm. Davies. In 1904, the following were elected deacons, - G. E. Stephens, F. Davies, Vaughan Aveston, Morris Evans, and John Potter.  September 1911, the following were chosen, - Thomas Evans, son of the late Caesar Evans, D. O. Jones, the choir master, J. Myers, and Stanley Williams.

The Bicentenary Memorial Congregational Church.

The Church was established in January 1862 with a membership of 18 which soon grew to 80. In July 1864 the foundation stone of the Chapel was laid by Mr. H. O. Wills, and was opened in 1865.

The first Minister, Rev. T. Davies of Morecambe came in 1867 and remained until 1871. He was followed by the Rev. E. Griffiths (1872 - 1879) who left for the USA. In 1880 came the Rev. Owen Jacobs, who left for Albany, Haverfordwest in 1887. The Rev. W. Powell succeeded him in 1888. The later died in January 1925 having served the Church for 37 years. He was followed by the Rev. T. O. Jones (1928 - 1939) and the Rev. G. Tegfryn Williams (1940 - 1948)

Chapter 3 Population, people & events  (facts and figures).

I find it very difficult to accept figures for population  before the first Census as there seems to be so many different calculations used as to the average number of people in each households,  some say four, some say four point two. What I also find disturbing is that in one hundred years according to the statistics, population can double (31 households in 1563 to 71 households in 1670 and yet for the next 130 remain relatively stable increasing by one household only, yet records show that there was some industrial development during that period (see Chapter on Industry).

The population given for 1801 was 386 which slowly increased over the next ten years to 484. In 1814 saw the start of the Dockyard at Paterchurch, large numbers of tradesmen moved from other dockyards to the area, some labourers moved off the farms with the hope of securing better paid, less seasonal work. Accommodation was at a premium. A new town was springing up at Paterchurch, people were so desperate for accommodation that they were moving into houses before the floors were put in. Some of the houses were very overcrowded others were so small there wasn't really room to "swing a cat".   Workmen were travelling up from Milford by boat, and from Llangum, so it is not surprising that the population of Llanstadwell, just across the water, nearly doubled in the next ten years It would appear that very strong links built up in those early years, as, in the Directories of the time, Llanstadwell and Neyland are included with Pembroke Dock. From then till the start of work on the railway terminal the population increased by about one hundred every ten year period until by 1851 it had reached 905.  By 1861 coinciding with the establishment of the Railway terminal at Neyland and the Steam Packet Service the population had increased to 1745 and carried on increasing by another 800 in the next ten years then by approximately another 500 per ten years till it reached 3641 in 1891. In 1900 the Neyland Urban District was formed from part of the old district of Llanstadwell.

When it comes to people:-

In 1325 Alexander Robelyn held lands from the Lord of Haverfordwest at Honyburgh (Honeyborough), the rent for six months was 9   1s   0d.[12] He had died by 1327 and his heir was a minor.[13]

1592  October  11th  David Bateman of Llanstadwell  served on a jury summoned to survey boundaries of Mawlens Chapel and an acre of ground in the Mawlens Layes.[14]

1652  March - plague was rife in the area - Newton,Waterston and Honeyborough were places specifically mentioned. (The bodies of several young sailors wrapped in their hammocks were discovered buried in the mud near the site of the Cleddeau bridge during construction.   It is thought they were victims of bubonic plague and could have been buried secretly to avoid the ship being quarantined.  One had a coin of 1650 on him - is it a coincidence that Haverfordwest & Llanstadwell was visited by the bubonic plague in 1651/52?

Hearth Tax 1670

(Gives the name of the head of every household in the parish and how many hearths they paid tax on -

 If "p" after the name it signifies they are listed as paupers )

John Seare (Senior) 2                          John Seare (Junior) 1

Thomas Thomas 1                              Elizabeth Lloyd 4

William Bateman 1                             William Mordaunt, esq. 7

Nicholas Day 2                                    Widdow Collins 1

John Child 1                                         John Finn 1

William Long 2                                    David Bateman 1

Evan Owen 1                                        Thomas Bowles[15] (Senior) 2

Thomas Bowles  (Junior) 1                Henry Tasker 1

Nicholas Warlow 1                              William Moore 1

William Webbe 1                                 Morgan David 1

William Mangrell 1                              Phillip Taylor 1

Thomas Allen 2                                   William Bateman 2

William Keney p                                  William Gudrich p

Honer Love p                                       John Thomas p

William Evans p                                  Francis Cullan p

Henry Vinn p                                        David Jacob p

William Walter p                                  Llewhelin Harryes p

Rice Hughes p                                      John Taylor p

Richard Webbe p                                 Thomas Jones p

Nicholas Allen p                                   John Arnold p

Thomas Millard p                                Thomas Warlow p

Morice Thomas p                                                William Hurlow p

Mary Tucker p                                     Anne Adams ( spinster) p

Rice Howell p                                       Ellenor Carew p

Anne Hendy p                                      John Edward p

Thomas Kenney p                              Robert Robert p

John Folland p                                     David Webb p

Anne Seare p                                        Dorothy Hurlow p

Richard Jordan p                                 Anne Tayler p

Maude Smyth p                                   Thomas Moore p

William Jacob p                                   Hugh Furlong p

William Griffiths p                               Mary Howell p

Joan Mangrell p                                   Ellinor Thomas p

Francis Griffiths p                                John Longman p

Mary Lee p                                           David John p

Ellinor David p                                     David Thomas p

 

1690's Charles Dolson of Llanstadwell refused to take the oath of allegiance to the king - he was in good company - so did among others, Essex Meyrick of Bush and Sir John Barlow of Slebech.

1734-63 - Thomas Bowen gent., of Jordanston  mortgaged his property for 2,350. He owned  land in Lampeter Velfrey, Crinow, LLanrheithan and Haverfordwest.

1767 April 21st Thomas Jenkins of Llanstadwell, a labourer, found guilty of stealing money was condemned to death  but was pardoned by the king and transported to America for fourteen years.

William Rees of Middle Scoveston Llanstadwell married  Esther Scone  of Hodgeston  - she was born  25th Dec. 1812 and died 6th Oct. 1884.

In 1841 it was stated that the average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor of Llanstadwell is 267.13s. unfortunately it does not give further details.

At the time Lewis wrote " in  the vicinity are several good houses, of which there are within the parish, Jordanston, the property of the Rev. Thomas Wilson; Hayston, the residence of R. Matthias, Esq.; and Newton a dilapidated old house on a valuable estate belonging to Lewis Child, Esq."

Fenton in 1810 describes Newton boasting of the most delightful views of the harbour, now the comfortable residence of Lewis Child Esq. retains nothing of any pristine dignity  in the point of habitation, but possesses, what is of infinitely more importance than a few ruined arches to exercise the fancy of the antiquary, a soil of the first quality, which the present proprietor, as a judicious and discerning agriculturist knows how to appreciate, and cultivates with spirit and success. 

The Child family held estates at Begelly and John Child of Begelly was Sheriff of the County of Pembroke in 1724 he is believed to have married Prudence Brown of Bristol. The family also had strong links with the Phillips of Picton Castle.

Richard Matthias of Hayston was involved with the Society for the Encouragement of Agriculture and Internal Improvement in the County of Pembroke and was a prize winner at the shows.

According to Hunts Directory 1851 included in the list of Nobility, Gentry and Clergy for Pembroke &c are:-

John Lewis R N     St Helena    Neyland

Rev Thomas Owen incumbent of Llanstadwell lived at Pembroke

George Parry, Honeyborough

Rev Thomas Thomas, Baptist Minister, Honeyborough

Philip John Vaillant,   Scoverston House.

also listed are:-

Beer retailers

George Child  Neyland                                       John Rogers  Neyland

Grocers and Sundries

Thomas Evans  Neyland                                   John Rhodes   Neyland

Lettice  Richards Neyland                                 John Thomas  Hazelbridge

Inns and Public Houses

Royal William   Neyland   Elizabeth Field      Shipwrights Arms   Neyland   Joseph Scurlock

Millers -William Robertson     Hazelbeach Mill

Stone masons - John Thomas   Neyland

In 1853 according to Mason the weather was just as unreliable as it is today:

"The Field Day in the summer of 1853 was announced to be a special one. The troops of the royal Dockyard Battalion, all volunteers from the Pembroke Dock Dockyard workforce, were to be conveyed across the water with every equipment for service. The day arrived with a beautiful fine morning, which induced thousands of spectators to cross over to Neyland, Milford and Haverfordwest also furnished their quota. Shortly after noon, a great number of boats loaded with soldiers, shot out from the Dockyard, crossed over to the north side of the haven and landed on the beach between Neyland Point and Church-lake. The regiment formed up with field guns and marched with the splendid band to a field at the gale near great Honeyborough. It was a sight to remember. The battalion was drawn up in line in an oblong space reserved for the review ground, and an immense concourse of people surrounded, the ladies dressed in their lightest summer attire and straw hats being conspicuous among the gentlemen. The battalion went through various evolution's splendidly, and at about 3.30pm, the field guns were being exercised and several rounds fired. The first concussion of this firing produced a slight rain, and as the firing went on the sky assumed a black, threatening appearance, which suddenly broke out into a terrible thunderstorm. Vivid flashes of lightening flew in every direction and the rain descended in a devastating rush, which scattered the people to seek for shelter. This could not be found, there being only a few houses near at hand. Everybody seemed to be almost immediately saturated, and the ladies looked most pitiable in their wet flimsy garments. the review was cut short, and the battalion limbered up guns and marched off the field en route for their boats, to re-cross to the Dockyard, but when they reached the road, which had become a quagmire crowded with people going in the direction of the beach, the scene could only be likened to the final attack of the French at the battle of Waterloo. "They got mixed." It was impossible to  keep anything like formation, and the word was passed to "Get to the boats the best way you can." The result was that about a third did not reach the boats, some went directly home and others found themselves in Haverfordwest."

The parents of Sir William Thorne  ex-Lord Mayor of Cape Town (who for eminent service was one of those selected to receive King Edward' the Seventh's Coronation honours) lie in the north west corner of the Churchyard. The headstone informs the onlooker that Mrs. Thorne was born Celia George (Hook) in 1806, and died at Llanstadwell in March 1879, and John Thorne died  14th September 1882 , aged 81.

Such was the population increase that by 1884 Kelly's directory lists

Neyland -

Private Residents

Barnes, William Tonkin, Great Eastern Terr.                 Beal, Mrs Neyland Terr

Davies, Capt. Enoch, High St                                            Edgeley, Joseph, High St

Evans, Capt. Hugh, Neyland Hill House                        Ferrier, William, High St.

Goddam, James                                                                   Harris, William,  15 Neyland Terr

Johns, Rev James, [Baptist] High St                                               

Lecky, Capt. Squire Thornton Stratford RN, Neyland House

Morgan, Rev Thomas, [Presbyterian] High St               Patrick, Miss, Great Eastern Terr

Poulson, John, Milford House                                           Raynes, Henry, Great Eastern Terr.

Trewent, Francis, Blenheim Place

 

Commercial

Aitken, William, supt. engineer GWR Marine Dept. Neyland Cottage.

Allen, Wllm, general draper, Manchester House

Beddow, Mary  & Martha ( Misses) grocers &c. Picton Terr

Bendall Joseph.  New Inn

Bennett, Wm  Bristol Temperance hotel

Betty, James, butcher, Picton Place

Biddlecombe, Edward and George, drapers London House

Bowerman, William Woodsell, plasterer, High St

Coram & Company, agents to the Great Western Railway & City of Cork Steam Packet Companies, steam ship owners, coal and general merchants, Steam towing offices, New Milford

Conservative Club ( George Rees sec.) High St.

Crawford,  Elizh. ( Mrs),  Picton Castle hotel

Davies,  Martha ( Mrs), shopkeeper, Picton Place

Edwards, William, tailor, Middle Street

Evans, Joshua, grocer, Picton Place

Evans, Morris, tailor, High Street

Eynon, Richard, Commercial Inn

Eynon, Robert, Lawrenny Castle

George, Ann,  (Mrs) shopkeeper. Picton Place.

Great Western Railway Marine Supt's Office ( Capt. Squire Thornton Stratford Lecky RN marine supt. Wm. Harris chief clerk)

Green, John, family grocer and tea dealer, Blenheim House & at Meyrick Street Pembroke Dock.

Griffith, John, grocer and ironmonger, High St.

Gwilliam, Thomas, shoemaker

Halford, William George, station master, New Milford station.

Hall, Frederick  Lloyd, stationer High St.

Harries, George, builder, High St.

Harries, James, builder and boot & shoe dealer, Picton Place.

Harris, John, butcher, Picton Place

Harris, William, chief clerk marine Supt's office G W R. 15 Neyland Terr.

Hart, Jane, Mariner's hotel,  Picton Terr.

Hawgood William ,  London Coffee house,  Picton Terr [[ his brother Thomas  ( a master tailor) emigrated to USA in 1856 the family originally came from Dale but had lived in Lewis st Pembroke Dock]]

Herbert, Jacob David, draper, Compton House

Hitchings, Dora Fanny, (Miss) fancy repository, High St.

James, James, grocer

Jefferies, Charles, supt. GWR. High St.

Johns, Henry, grocer, Picton Place

Johns, John, Foresters inn

Jones, Margaret, (Mrs) lodging house Great Eastern Terrace

Llewellyn, James Bowen, Globe inn

Lloyd, William, tailor, High Street

Mills, Joshua, ship, yacht & boat builder, mast and spar maker, New Milford ship yard

Morgan, Wm. butcher, Claverton House

Morgan, Wm. lodging ho. Gt. Eastern Terr.

Moore, William, shoe maker

Nicholas, David,  grocer, Lawrenny Terr.

Pearn, Thos, master mariner, Picton Terr.

Phillips, Maria, ( Mrs ) cowkeeper

Poulter, Thos, lodging ho. 4 Picton Terr.

Roderick, Sarah Ann ( Mrs ) Coburg inn

Rowland, Thomas, ironmonger, High St.

Rowland, Wm. ironmonger, Picton Place.

Scurlock, Elizabeth, (Mrs) lodging house , Great Eastern Terrace.

Sheldon, Wm. shoe maker, Picton Place

Skone, John, tailor, High Street.

South Wales First Class Family & Commercial Hotel. (James Whetton manager)

Stephens, Elizabeth (Mrs), boot and shoe dealer, Great Eastern Terrace.

Stephens, George Edward, chemist & druggist, High Street & Picton Terr.

Symes, Richard Fowler, storekeeper for GWR, Belle Vue House

Thorne, Anthony, grocer, High Street.

Walsh, Ellen, (Miss), Pembroke Castle, Picton Place

Whetton, James, manager South Wales Family and Commercial Hotel

Williams, Daniel, grocer & baker, High St

Williams, William, grocer Picton Place.

Registrar of Births & Deaths - No3 Roose Sub-district - James S Griffiths

Llanstadwell

Calver, Mrs. Llanstadwell House                                     Davies, Roch, Newton House

Davies, Thomas Henry JP Hayston hall                         Evans, Evan, Mill House Hazelbeach

Gibby, James, Foresters Cottage                                      Hughes, Mrs. Church Road Hazelbeach

John, Capt. Wm. Bellevue ho. Hazelbeach                    Jones, Mrs. Jane, Waterston House

Phillips, James, Honeyborough House                            Roch, Mrs, Hazelbeach.

Rumsey, Rev. Lacy . MA [incumbent]                           Comber John, beer retailer, Waterston

Edwards, William,  Ferry House inn,  Hazelbeach       Evans, John, beer retailer, Waterston

James, Nathaniel. frmr. Little Honeyboro,                     James, Wm. grocer & baker, Hazelbeach

Jenkins, George, farmer, Waterston                 Jenkins William, blacksmith, Waterston

Jones, Emily (Mrs) board and day school, Melville house, Hazelbeach

Llewellyn, John, grocer & baker, Waterston                   Myers, David, Wellington tavern,  Hazelbeach.

Old family names of Llanstadwell mentioned  by Mason in 1905 include Scurlock, John, Richards, James, Gaddarn, Roberts, Pepperel,  Hugh, Stephens, George, Miers, Fields, Dean, Rees, Nash, Davies, Deveraux, Howells, Childs, Machin, West, Young, Bowen,

Chapter 4 Education.

(1727 Sir John Phillips of Picton Castle established a Charity School at Steynton funded by an annual donation but there was no guarantee that the payment would be continued by his descendants).

1807 The Sunday school was discontinued through lack of funds. (Was this held in a little schoolroom by the church as Mason suggests that there was such a building in use).

1847[16] There was no school in Llanstadwell. There was one - the Ferry school in Neyland  for which the sum of 30  shillings  a year were paid, 15s by the schoolmaster and 15s by the Wesleyan's to hold a Sunday School and religious meetings. This room was described as very cold, with the walls roof and floor in very bad state of repair. a pan with coal between the one window and the door served as fireplace, and there was no chimney only the holes in the roof where the tiles were missing. There where five benches, one table and a chair and the students (14 in the first class) were able to read a part of St John's Gospel, and had some mathematical skills. There were three classes but it would appear only one master, a stout healthy man who kept his scholars in good order. The scholars were the children of mechanics' (tradesmen from the Dockyard?) and labourers.

There was another school at Waterston (see Honeyborough Baptist Chapel entry re early use of the schoolroom for services) with the roof and floor also being in bad repair. The master was described as appeared to be a good tempered man and his scholars were the children of farmers and labourers. The furniture consisted of two tables and six benches On being tested it was found that the pupils could read from the Bible tolerably well but had no understanding of what they had read and they could do simple arithmetic.

1847 - January 20th The Vicar of the Parish (Thos. Owen) wrote[17] That although he had been vicar since 1812 and one of the trustees of the funds to establish a school, he had never seen or heard of the 5 per annum documented that the late Lord Milford had given towards the support of a school. The late Mr. Matthias of Hayston had left a considerable sum for the establishment of a district school in Llanstadwell to serve that place and Rosemarket but legal expenses and the failure to agree of  the clergy on the board of trustees had,

a/ reduced the income to 44. 11s 9d per annum and

b/ lead to failure in finding a suitable site which according to Mr Matthias's wishes must be in Llanstadwell,  even though, as one of the trustee's, the Incumbent of Rosemarket pointed out, there was an existing schoolroom in Rosemarket at present only occupied by a Dame.

According to Benjamin John and William Edwards, teachers in the Hephzibah Sunday School there where at that time approximately 200 children in the area in need of education of which "not above five or six in every score" were attending a day school.

1853 The government offered a "capitation" grant for each pupil as well as assistance for buildings and advantage was taken of this.

1870 - Education Act prescribed that where voluntary efforts had failed to provide an efficient school a School Board should be elected to supply the need

 1870 December - Llanstadwell ratepayers applied for a School board - The meeting started at the British Schoolroom Pembroke Dock but it was so cold they transferred the meeting to the National Schoolroom and the school was started.

By 1884 Kelly's directory lists a Board School for 200 boys, average attendance 130; William George Aswell, master. 120 girls, average attendance, 90; Miss Bessie M. Davies, mistress and 120 infants, average attendance 112; Mrs. Mary Ann Bishop, mistress. The infants school was being enlarged.

Chapter 5 Wages and Employment.

L. Morris surveyed the Milford Haven in 1743, of this area he wrote:

"This is the place where Sugars from Ireland are discharged and pay the English duty at Pembroke; and here Woollen Yarn from Ireland is imported; Milford Haven being one of the open Ports allowed by Act of Parliament. At this Place there is also a Salt Refinery, which supplies the whole County." He suggested some improvements "Here might be made a Dock, a Mile and a Quarter in Length; and vessels might lie at the Dockhead in Four Six or Eight Fathom Water."  This was one hundred years before Brunel had the same idea.

There was therefore some industrialisation taking place. The site of the salt refinery is believed to have been at Barnlake and there is a suggestion that there was a wharf there too.

An Act of Parliament 32 Geo II chap. 30 passed in 1757 authorised the purchase of land for the Haven defences and a committee composed of the magistrates of Pembrokeshire and other influential gentlemen of whom Lord Milford of Picton Castle was considered the principal was empowered to select sites and carry out the necessary work. Three sites were selected and purchased:- Paterchurch 65 acres 3 roods 1 pole; West Llanion Point (now known as Hobbs Point) 34 acres  2 roods  25 poles; Neyland, Limpet hill 23 acres  35 poles for which 2,713  17s was paid. Work was commenced but the declaration of peace on 10th February 1763 caused the work to be abandoned in a half complete state. Lewis in 1843 records that it was once contemplated to build a Dockyard where later the Railway terminus was built and certainly two ships were constructed there.  In 1780 a frigate was built for the Government, called "Milford" and in 1784 the "Triumph" a 74 gun ship was also built, by contract, the yard was managed by a family named Scurlock. From the 1800 onwards, there was still a small amount of shipbuilding being undertaken mostly vessels under 100 tons. Seven ships were built in the 1820s but the total tonnage was only 297 tons and in the 1830s 10 ships were built of a total tonnage of 993 tons, after that period only two or three were built every ten years.

The area must have been very different then as the majority of the houses seemed to follow the shoreline

A very good Inn stood on the Point, and some good houses occupied the sheltered terrace, running from the Point to the edge of the wood northwards. This area and the houses were later taken over by the Great Western Railway Company. There were two roads from the point one northwards as indicated following the route of what is now High St, and the other following the shore to the west There were several cottages scattered on the margin of the two roads especially on the west road leading to Milford via Llanstadwell and Hazelbeach. The North road passed through the "Gale" (a couple of houses) to Haverfordwest via the large village of Great Honeyborough, which contained a good many cottages a couple of farmhouses and "Honeyborough House."

There would have been a good number travelling over each day to the Dockyard at Paterchurch as in 1847 agricultural Labourers working in Llanstadwell were paid 6s or 7s per week on their own finding    (supplying their own food) or 3s with food. Just over the water at the dockyard Labourers received 12s per week and tradesmen considerably more.

With the advent of the railway all changed.

The South Wales Railway had originally intended to run the railway line to Fishguard but because of increased costs and the potato famine in Ireland the management turned its attention to a nearer alternative access to tidewater. Originally the Act of Parliament of 1845 had stipulated a branch from Whitland to Pembroke and the Royal Dockyard but because of legal problems over obtaining land from local landowners this had not been progressed with, also as by 2 January 1854 they were already at Haverfordwest it would be considerably cheaper to head for the nearest convenient location on the North side of the Haven. Brunel opted for Neyland and the extension of nine miles from Haverfordwest to Neyland was opened as a broad gauge, single-line branch on 15 April 1856.  Pontoons used to build the Saltash bridge were floated round to form a floating landing stage to load and unload the Irish Packets which continued to use the port till the opening of Fishguard in 1906.  During the season immense quantities of mackerel are brought here by steamer from the Irish coast, and forwarded by rail to the London and other markets. The South Wales Hotel was built immediately adjacent to the new terminus of what became the Great Western railway and was situated on rising ground overlooking Milford Haven; with ornamental grounds between the hotel and the station. Large numbers of houses were built to accommodate the increase in population.  Steamers left Neyland for Waterford every day after the arrival of the passenger train from Paddington due to arrive at 1.50am and also left on Mondays after the arrival of the train due at 6.50 am. Steamers also left Neyland for Passage and Cork every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at 8.30 pm.

The Ferries to Pembroke Dock ran every quarter of an hour through the day, fare -single 2p return 3p.

For a time the Great Eastern was moored here but comparatively little Atlantic Shipping would call due to lack of deep water frontage.

Neyland continued as a Railway terminus and Locomotive Depot until 15th June 1964.


Chapter 6 NEWTON'S.

It is alleged that the Newton Family originally came from Llanstadwell and then moved across the water to the Angle area.

Fenton Tour of Pembrokeshire 1810.

p276  "This road extends from Llanstadwell to Newton Weare. Newton was once the residence of the princely family of Craddock, linearly descended from Howel Dda, Lords of this place, whose descendent Sir Richard married Emma, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Perrott of Eastington and dropped the name Craddock took the name of Newton, and was Chief Justice of Common Pleas. This led him to settle in England and dispose of his property in Wales. He died December the 14th 1444, and lies buried in a chapel on the south side of Bristol Cathedral.....

I visited the churches of Lanstadwell and Burton, but they contained nothing worthy of note"--- 

Fenton suggests p277 that some of the Family were buried at Llanstadwell although also mentioning that the grave of a Mr Bowlas at Burton was on the site were laid a sculptured tombstone with  an effigy almost effaced and that this was removed to make place for the internment and that Mr Bowlas, who was the late proprietor of Newton understood that this was the traditional burial place of the owners of Newton.

 p400  In Bristol Cathedral at the lower end of the south aisle against the east wall is an ancient tomb of grey marble, on which once were placed the effigies of two persons kneeling, and an inscription on brass beneath them, and their arms behind their heads; but to whom they belonged was unknown  till from a MS. in Benton Coll. Library Cambridge, it was discovered that the monument had been erected to the memory of Sir Richard Newton Cradock, who died Dec 13th 1444, chief justice of the common pleas. This with the founders grave stone, are the only monuments that had brass inscriptions and effigies belonging to them.

1350  Nicholas    Shirburn  died    his  wife's  name  was  Margaret  and  his  son  was  John  who  was  then  18  years  old.  he  owned  in  Angle  2 1/ 2  carucates  worth  100s.,  and  100s  rent.-details given in following document also details of the land held by John Craddok of Neuton whose daughter whose son Roger age 17 married the daughter of Nicholas Schirbourn.

[1353 June 6

Chancery Misc. Inquisition No 168

Writ dated 6 June Edward III, touching the knight's fees held by the late Laurence de Hastings, Earl of Pembroke.

Inquisition at Pembroke 6 April 27 Edward III, before Thomas de Aston.

Jurors: John Melyn, William Parthcorn, Thomas Castel, Richard ..rchard, John Wydelok, John Suteri, John Coke, David ap Llewelyn Vaughan, John Castel de fflemyneston, John..... Edward Castel, John Bisschop.

John Perot on his death (Monday n.a. S. Gregory, 23 Edward III), held by the demesne of Pembroke, one messuage and 100a of land by military service, worth in gross 16s 8d., and did suit to the county court of Pembroke; the said John held of Mary de St. Paul, Countess of Pembroke, 2 carucates 6 bovates of land in Popton, by military service worth 66s.; also he held of John de Hilton in Custynes[ton] one carucate worth 30s yearly; also he has at Westperit 12d. yearly rent for a certain tenement in Ithmorston, one carucate of land near the borough of Pembroke worth 24s. yearly, also he held 2 bovates of land in Osbarnstoun in burg worth 4s yearly; also one carucate and two bovates of land in Walwaynston in burg, worth 24s yearly; and the marriage of his heir is worth 40m; John de Carrew, kt., has the marriage of the said heir by the king's grant.

Walter Scurlag held of the heir of Laurence Hastinges, late Earl of Pembroke, in free socage, 30a of land in Begeristoun, worth 5s yearly; also he held jointly with Margaret his wife at Kylkemoran the moiety of a knight's fee, worth 40s yearly; and the said Margaret his survivor, holds the said tenements for her life. And he held of John de Carrew, kt, 11/2 carucate of land at Martheltwist, worth yearly 1/2 mark; also he held of the heir of Laurence de Hastinges 70a in Coytrath conjointly with Margaret his wife, his survivor as above, worth yearly 11s 8d. Also he held of the heir of the aforesaid Lawrence 30 acres of land by Welsh law (per legem Wallensicam) which lands owe no ward and marriage, worth yearly 5s.;

Nicholas de Shirbourn, on his death, held of the demesne of Pembroke 50s 4d of rent in Scurlageston, of which Margaret, his wife, held one third in dower. Also he held 21/2 carucates of land in Angle of the Earl of Gloucester conjointly with Margaret his wife who survived him and worth 100s yearly; John son of the said Nicholas, is his next heir, and was 18 years old on the death of his father. Also he held 12s rent in Angle of the Earl of Gloucester, of which the said Margaret receives one third by way of dower. His marriage is worth 20 marks.

William Robelyn, on his death (Thursday n.a. St Trinity 23 Edward III) held of the demesne of Pembroke 2 1/2 carucates of  land in Costeyniston by military service and doing suit to the Court of the gate of the castle of Pembroke, and worth 40s yearly; also the free tenants of the said William pay a yearly rent of 4s 4d. Also he held of John de Carrewe kt., three bovates of land in le thorne, worth yearly 6s.,; and Robert, son of the said William, is his heir and was 13 years and more at the time of his father's death; his marriage is worth 20.

John Champaygne, at his death (Friday n.a.Easter,  23 Edward II)  held of the demesne of Pembroke 30a of land in Lantege doing suit to the county of Pembroke and is worth 5s yearly; also he held of Mary or the Countess of Pembroke one knight's fee worth 60s yearly in Kylneygi,  of which Margaret mother of the said John, holds one  third in dower.   Isabella, his daughter, is the next heir, aged three years at the death of her father; her marriage is worth 20 marks.

John Maleufaunt,  at his death (15 August,  23 Edward III) held of the demesne of Pembroke 30 acres of land in Loudeschirche by military fee and doing service to the county of Pembroke worth 2s 6d yearly.   David, his son, is next heir,  age 9 1/2 years on his father's death.   His marriage is worth 10s.

Andrew Wiseman,  at his death ( at the Feast of the Conception of the Holy Mary,  the Virgin) , held of the demesne of Pembroke in chief half a knight's fee by military service in Seintussilt,  worth 60s yearly,  of which Agnes his wife,  receives one third as dower,  and John Vaughan 1 mark yearly rent.   John,

Andrew's son,  is next heir,  age 15 years.   His marriage is worth 10 marks.

John Craddok,  at his death (Monday after the Feast of the Assumption of Holy Mary,  24 Edward III) , held of the demesne of Pembroke,  6 bovates of land in Neuton,  worth 20s yearly. Roger,  his son,  is next heir,  age 17 years.   The said Roger  married the daughter of Nicholas Schirbourn,  et disponsati fuerint in crastino post obitum patris.   His marriage is worth 20s.]

1350

Roger Cradock of Newton aged 17, married in 1350, the day after his father's death Marjory daughter of Nicholas Shirburn.  see doc above  Roger is reputed to have been buried at Angle  and was refered to as Lord of Newton  of Newton in Roos  ( Roose in Landstadwell parish Pembrokeshire though Henry Owen says the family originally came from Ystrad Towy).

Richard Newton was the last of the male line, he left two daughters. (see 1500).

1357  John  Shirburn  was  a  juror  in  Pembroke.

1358  Sir  William  de  Carew  held  of  John  Shirburn,  by  military  service,  ten  messuages,  five  carucates  and  three  bovates  of  land  at  Angle.

1362  John  Shirburn  died,  his  daughter  and  heiress,  Alice,  was  ten  years  old.  He held of the Earl of Pembroke 30 acres at Coydrath, 3 burgages in Pembroke, of Edward Lord le Despenser, the rent of Scorlageston  and half a knights fee. [presumably for the Craddocks to inherit  from their niece  she must died without issue].

1377 John Cradock son of Roger was a Juror in Pembroke.

He married the daughter of Peter Russell who held lands at Hay's Castle according to Henry Owen.

1378 - David Craddok - son of Roger and brother of John -  Justice.

[1378 March 3  Westminster

Patent Roll, 1 Richard II pt 4 m 37 (Cal p133)

Commission to David Craddok and to Walter Mille, as justices for holding the Sessions in the County of Pembroke.]

1379 David Craddok - seneschal of Haverfordwest.

1426 - 7 Sir Richard Newton - grandson of John Cradock  appointed  Justice Itinerant of Pembroke.

1430  Sir Richard Newton recorder of Bristol.

1438 Sir Richard Newton Judge of the Common Pleas.

1439 Sir Richard Newton  Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

1448 Sir Richard Newton died and was buried at Yatton in Somerset. - he was married twice - first to Emma daughter of Thomas Perot of Haroldston  in the county of Pembroke - second to Emmota Harvey of London  - she is buried at Yatton - He had children by both wives.

But the story of the Newtons and Angle does not finish there because there where still members of the Newton family residing in the County of Pembroke:-

There is a will which transfers endowments which had belonged to the Chapel of St Anthony, then recently washed away from the shore of West Angle Bay,  - in a field on the West side of Pill Bay can still be traced the site of a Church. The field is called Church Meadow and coffins and bones were said to have been found there.

1500

Prerogative Register of Canterbury, the will of Richard Newton, a resident in the parish of Monkton, near Pembroke, in which he bequeaths " to the chapel of St George the Martyr of Nangle four tenements in Haverfordwest and Pembroke, which lands of late appertained to the chapel of St Anthony in the Nangle, and to the augmentation of the stipend of a priest always to sing for the souls of the founders of the chapel of St Anthony, that is to say...Shelborn and his ancestors and for me and Elinor my late wife." He also directed that" the principal window in the chapel of St George above the altar shall be renewed and barred with green bars, and that the history and life of St George shall be pictured upon the glass."

As to which bequest Dr. Henry Owen remarks "The chantry chapel of St George was in the parish churchyard. Of the other two chapels in the parish, the remains of St Mary's on the Bay were destroyed upon the erection of the modern fort and St Anthony's in West Angle Bay had been washed away by the sea not long before the date of this will."

It would appear from the will of Richard Newton that there had been a chapel of St Antony in the parish of Nangle but the words of the bequest to the chapel of St George of lands "of late appertaining to the chapel of St Anthony" point to the disappearance of the latter, and its practical substitution by that of St George. The restoration of 1853, of which no account is now procurable, has removed all possibility of discovering whether the donor's desire to have the exploits of St George depicted on the window above the altar had been fulfilled in either the church or a chapel near by.

1546

The Paryshe of Angull in the said County (Comitatus Pembroke)[18]

Saint George Chaunterie

Founded to Fynde a Prest for euer

And he to haue for his Salary by yere             xlviij s    vij d

ys no Parishe churche, but is annexed vnto the Paryshe church aforesaid liij s     vij d     wherof

     For the Prest stipen                         xliij s    xj d

     For the Kynges Tenthes                       iiij s     viij d

     Also ther is parcell of the forsaid possesions taken awey as followeth

                                                  xlviij s   vij d

     And so Remaynythe                  nil

(Value of Ornaments, Plate, Jewels,Goods, and Chattels)

                                                  xx s

There hath byn parcell of the possessions of the same Chauntrie deteyned & taken awey sith the said

iiij th day of February in the xxvij yere of the Kinges Majesties reign by one Nicholas Dawe of the forsayd Parishe of Angull gent., that is to wete without the Kinges licence which amountithe yerly to the somme of          v s                            

It would appear that there is some difficulty about fixing the correct position of the altar (and Chapel) of St George. The chantry certificate specifically states that the chantry altar of St George was "within the parish church"

1547

The Chantry records contain an interesting record of this church in 1 Edw VI ( 1547) 3,17PRO Chantry Certificates

No 22

The Parish of Angle

Certain lands and tenem'ts which were in the hands of feoffees to the intent to find a priest to celebrate mass at the altar of St George within the parish Church, by reason whereof it was called St. George's Chauntry, the priest being removable at the will and pleasure of the said feoffees.

 

                                                                                                 Value p.a.          48s 10d

Rent Resolute and lyging money paid to the King yearly                          2s  6d

                                                                                                                            46s  4d

Stipends. Nicholas Comberford, aged 40, no other spiritual function      46s  4d

Et Valet ultra clare p. annum              nil

Jewels. In the hands of Thomas Cillyn two harness girdles safely to be kept,

which were mortgaged by one Nicholas Dawes, valued at                        13s 4d

The Perrots held Eastington for about 3 centuries from the 1100's then moved after a lucrative marriage to Haroldston - Family very famous for Sir John Perrot who rebuilt Carew Castle - and whose father was Henry VIII - his mother  wedded to Sir Thomas Perrot was also lady of the bedchamber. Sir John died in the Tower before his half sister Elizabeth could pardon him  - but that is another tale.

References

The History of Pembrokeshire    Rev James Phillips

Episcopal Register of St David's

Episcopal Acts relating to Welsh Dioceses 1066- 1272     James Conway  Davies

Journal of the Historical Society of Wales Vol 2 1950 p54  J Conway Davies

Pembrokeshire Parsons

I.P.M.33 Edw III 1 No 35

I P M 36 Edw III 2 No 36

Org Rolls ,2 Ric III,m 30

Rot Parl ., iv  474

Foss - Judges of England, iv, 346

Stafford Reg., fo 169b

Hearth Tax 1670

Population Changes round the shores of the Haven from 1800 to the present day     Margaret C Gilpin

Pembrokeshire Sea Trade before 1900    Barbara J George

The Calendar of Public Records - Henry Owen

Old Pembrokeshire Families - Henry Owen

Little England Beyond Wales   - E Laws

Pembrokeshire County History Vol III & Vol  IV

The State of Education in Wales 1847

Kelly's Directory 1884

Hunts Directory   1851

Pembrokeshire Lay Subsidies   Henry Owen

Fenton Tour of Pembrokeshire 1810

The Topographical Dictionary of Wales   S Lewis  1843

Pembroke Dock, Royal Dockyard and neighbourhood   Mason 1905



[1]Acc/to the Place Names of Pembrokeshire

Nailand - 1596 OPb ii 563

Nayland - 1773 Morg Rich, Neyland 1793 LT

[2]In the Taxatio of 1291, the name is spelt Lanstowel. Browne Willis ascribes it to St Sywall - an evident confusion. Rees (Welsh Saints 134) suggests St Tudwal, whose name is associated with the district of Lleyn in Carnarvonshire. In 1517 the St David's Episcopal Register gave it as Llnastadwell. The Elizabethan communion cup has Lanstetwall.

[3]Acc/to The Lives of the British Saints by S. Baring-Gould and John Fisher

[4]Giraldus Cambrensis., De Jure (R.S.), Vol. III pp153 - 4

[5]1543 - Lay Subsidy PRO 223/4 19 Dec.

[6]Glynne Notes ( Arch Camb 1885 V ii 213)

[7]Acc/to the Census of Religious Buildings 1851

[8]Acc/to Valor Ecclesiasticus.

[9] Congregationalism in South Pembrokeshire  P 2

[10]Information from Baptist Historical Sketches   Rev R C Roberts    1907

[11]Information from South Pembrokeshire Calvanistic Methodist Churches    W. Evans  &  O. S. Symond   1913

[12]Pipe Roll 7 Edward 3 M45

[13]Pipe Roll 5 Edward III   M63

[14](Calendar of the Records of the Borough of Haverfordwest 1539-1660 - B G George )

[15]His will was proved at Carmarthen on 6th Nov 1705

[16]Report of Education in Wales 1847

[17]recorded in the Report on the State of Education in Wales 1847

[18]From Survey of South Wales Chantries 1546 by Evan D Jones based on the Milborne Family Papers NLW.


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