This booklet has created more mysteries for me than it solved.
Just what was that brass pot in Pembroke Castle?
Why was Pembroke Castle so heavily stocked with weapons and furniture when the Narberth and Haverfordwest Castle inventories of the same period record very little?
Where are the sites of all the mills of Pembroke?
The site of the coal mine at Coytrath?
The apparently differences in the manors of Kyngeswode (casual labour) Lamphey (rented out) and Castlemartin (bond tenants)?
May be one of the readers will have the answers, I don't.
I would like to thank all the staff of the Pembrokeshire Library, Haverfordwest and Pembroke Dock; the Pembrokeshire Pecord Office; Pembrokeshire College, Haverfordwest; Public Records Office; British Library; members of the Pembrokeshire Historical Society; the Open University History Society for their help.
© Basil H.J. Hughes, 1996
Chapter 1 Events in the Country that had an influence on life in South Pembrokeshire in the period 1324 to 1331.
Chapter 2 Extent of the estate of the Earldom of Pembroke in South Pembrokeshire.
Chapter 3 Some of the people mentioned in the Accounts.
Chapter 4 Measurements, Weights and Services.
Chapter 5 Estate Accounts of the earldom of Pembroke.
Chapter 6 Castlemartin & (as included in the dower) St Florence.
Chapter 7 Coytrath.
Chapter 8 Kyngeswode.
Chapter 9 Tenby.
Chapter 10 Pembroke.
TRANSLATION OF THE CHARTER OF RICHARD II TO PEMBROKE.
Chapter 11 Pembroke Castle.
Chapter 12 Mills of Pembroke.
Chapter 13 Accounts concerning possessions and property of the Bishop of St David's in the South Pembrokeshire area.
Chapter 14 Law and Order.
The early part of the 14th century was a very turbulent time in the history of Britain, the influences of events of the day affected even the most distant parts of the country.
After the defeat of the Earl of Lancaster's rebellion in 1322, Edward II became totally dominated by the le Dispensers, father and son, Sir Hugh the younger took advantage of his position to extend his lands into a territorial lordship covering most of South Wales. The estate of the earl of Pembroke was no exception. Aymer de Valance, one time adviser to the king, died in 1324 leaving no children. His sister Isabel de Valance was married to John de Hastings and their son Laurence de Hastings, became heir and the new earl of Pembroke but, because he was a minor, the estate was held by the Crown.
On April 28, 1325, Edward II granted custody of all the estates belonging to Laurence, the son and heir of John de Hastyngs, until the said Laurence should come of age, to Hugh le Despenser the younger.
Sir Hugh the elder, had been made Earl of Winchester. He caused "the Queen to be hated and put on livery". Queen Isabella seeing the warning signs, and believing that her position and possibly her life were threatened, agreed, when it was proposed by the papal nuncios, that she would undertake a peace mission, to reconcile her husband and her brother and obtain a settlement of the vexing question of who was the overall ruler of Gascony. On 9 March 1325 she, with most of her household, sailed for France, where, as a mediator, she proved very effective. Part of the agreement she concluded was that Edward II should, in person, do homage to Charles IV (of France), for those lands held by Edward II in France.
The Dispensers were against Edward travelling to France, rejoining the Queen or in any way leaving their sphere of influence and on 24 August Edward II declared himself unfit to travel. He adopted the plan that Prince Edward should be invested with the duchy of Gascony and the county of Ponthieu and perform homage in place of his father. Accordingly the young prince sailed to France and did homage to the French king.
During the time they were in France, Edward II had his son and wife proclaimed as traitors both to him and his kingdom. Queen Isabella in turn vowed not to return to the court of Edward II as long as Hugh le Despenser the younger was there.
Supported by the count of Hainault, in return for the marriage of his daughter Philippa to the young Edward, the Queen, her son, the earl of Kent, Roger Mortimer, and the brother of the count of Hainault with a small supporting force, invaded England landing at Orwell in Suffolk (although Brut Y Tywysogyon says they landed at St Edmondsbury) on September 24 1326 and headed for London.
Edward II was then in the west country, and the chronicle records that he and Sir Hugh the younger fled across the Severn from Bristol towards Morgannwy. Sir Hugh the elder who commanded at Bristol was forced by the burgesses to yield the town without resistance, was seized, "tried" sentenced to be "drawn for treason, hanged for robbery, beheaded for misdeeds against the Church".
Sir Hugh the younger with Simon Reding, a clerk, and king Edward II headed into Wales, trying to escape to Lundy Island, from where they might have been able to get a boat to Ireland but storms in the Bristol Channel prevented this. Instead they were forced to head further west, with the hope of gaining support from some of Hugh the Despenser the younger's estates. On 16 November they were captured at Neath Abbey. The next day Simon Reding was drawn and hanged and Hugh the younger was taken to Hereford were on 24 November he was "tried" and a similar sentence to his father's carried out forthwith.
Edward II was taken to Kenilworth and was forced to abdicate in January 1327. His son was proclaimed King as Edward III. At that time he was fifteen years old.
The deposed Edward II was removed from Kenilworth, in April 1327, to Berkeley Castle where at least two attempts were made to rescue him. According to some accounts, he was murdered on 21 September 1327 by being pierced with a white hot lance; it has been suggested on the orders of Roger Mortimer.
On the death of Hugh le Despenser the younger, control of the estates of Laurence de Hastynges (who was still a minor) passed to Roger de Mortuo Mari (Roger Mortimer).
Edward III as a minor was under the influence of his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer till 1330. Then becoming eighteen, in October 1330, he took over the reins of government. His mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer were arrested, Mortimer had been caught in the old king's bedroom at night, he was executed by being drawn and quartered and his heir dispossessed. Isabella was confined to Castle Rising. Administration of the estates of the Laurence de Hastynges were taken back into the King's hands and he appointed, in 1331, Richard Symond as Steward of the County of Pembroke and keeper of the castles, late of Roger de Mortuo Mari, the king's enemy and rebel.
This appointment was not before time as law and order in the county appear to have broken down. There was an "Ancient Petition" raised and sent to the king.
"Petition of the commonalty of the county of Pembroke for the appointment of a competent and suitable steward with power to govern the said county and to punish the grievances, oppressions and hardships done by the evildoers of the said county, after the death of the Earl of March late warden of the said county by the king's grant, by reason of the minority of Laurence de Hastinges. Since the death of the Earl of March the said county has been without a keeper or warden, with the result that the common (menez) people of the county are oppressed and slain by "great" evildoers (grantz meffesours).
NB. Laurence de Hastings succeeded his father John, half brother of Sir Hugh Hastings, as fourth Lord Hastings and Bergavenny in 1325. As a young man he served under Edward III in Flanders, and in 1339 was created Earl of Pembroke as representative of his great Uncle Aymer de Valence. The arms of Aymer de Valence, can be seen in enamel on his effigy in Westminster Abbey. In 1340 Laurence de Hastings accompanied the King on his expedition into Scotland, and later took a prominent part in Lancaster's campaigns of 1345 in Aquitaine and Gascony, being present at Bergerac - which he garrisoned - at Auberoche and Aiguillon. He was at the siege of Calais and died in 1348. Arms Quarterly, Hastings and Valence. There is a stone effigy of him at Abergavenny moreover there is a small figure of him, on the brass of Sir Hugh de Hastings at Elsing Church Norfolk.
In 1324 Aymer de Valance Earl of Pembroke died. It was actually on the day that he married his third wife at Compiegne and he was buried beside his father in Westminster Abbey. As he had left no children and his nephew who inherited was still a minor, the estates of the Earldom were administered by the Crown.
An Inquisition was held on August 20 1324 before John de Hamptona, King's Escheat, at Pembroke, the Jurors being;
Walter Maeleufaut, Walter de Castro, John Keiez (Kneghey), John Melin, Walter Harald; Stephen Perot, Walter Eliot Wioti de Laureny, John Cradok, John de Luny, William de Crippynes, Thomas Martin and John Scorlags.
At this Inquisition it was acknowledged that Aymer de Valence had held the county of Pembroke with its appurtenances of "our lord the King in chief by the service of carrying the king's sword on the day of his coronation".
In South Pembrokeshire he held, besides the castle of Pembroke, the town of Pembroke with 220 burgages, the grange of Kyngeswode, the manor of St Florence, the commote of Coytrath, the Castle of Tenby, the town of Tenby with 220 burgages, the manor of Castle Martin [part of which is dower].
He also held in the county of Pembroke 25 1/2 knights' fees and one tenth knight's fee. In South Pembrokeshire these included:
Caru (Carew) 5 knights fees held by John de Carru and worth yearly 100 marks.
Maynerbir (Manorbier), 5 knights' fees held by John de Barri and worth yearly 100 marks
Stakepol (Stackpole), 5 knights' fees held by Richard de Stakpol and worth yearly, 100 marks
Flemisshton (Flimston) half knights' fee held by Walter de Castro and worth yearly 100s
Benegereston (Bangeston) one knights' fee held by John Beneger, and worth yearly 26s 8d
Popetoun,(Popton) half knights' fee held by Stephen Perrot, and worth yearly 10 marks
Kilkemoran,(Crygmarren) half knights' fee held by John Scorlagh, and worth yearly 10 marks
Moristoun, (Moreston) half knights' fee held by Walter de Castro, and worth yearly 10 marks.
Costyneston (Cosheston) 2 knights' fees held by John Wogan, John Beneger and William
Robelyn, worth yearly 40 marks.
Esse (Nash) half knights' fee held by Walter Maleufaunt worth yearly 10 marks.
Coytrath (Saundersfoot area) one tenth knights' fee held by Nicholas de Bonvill, worth yearly 26s 8d
Coytrath one knights' fee held by John Chaumpan worth yearly 10 marks
Coytrath half knights' fee held by Andrew Wiseman worth yearly 5 marks
Coytrath one tenth knights' fee held by John Scorlag worth yearly 13s 4d
Coydrath one tenth knights' fee held by David Maleufaunt worth yearly 13s 4d
In addition he held the advowsons of the Churches of Rescrouther (Roscrowther) (40 marks), St Florence (40 marks) and Londes (100s).
On March 2nd 1325 Edward II appointed Richard Symond steward of the county of Pembroke and of Haverford in Wales with responsibility for the castles, towns, manors and lands which Aymer de Valancia, Earl of Pembroke had held as tenant in chief at the time of his death and to be answerable to the Exchequer of England for the issues thereof.
Just under two months later (April 28th 1325) Edward II ordered John de Hampton (escheator in Hereford and the Marches of Wales) to deliver to Hugh le Despenser the castle and the town of Pembroke, the barn of Kyngeswode, the commote of Coytrath, the town and castle of Tenby, the manor of Castlemartin except for the land and rents held by Mary, widow of Aymer de Valance, the manor of Tregeyr, the rents and foreign profits of the whole county of Pembroke and the commote of Oysterlof all of which was assigned to Laurence de Hastyngs (a minor) the custody of lands to be held by Hugh le Despenser till Laurence de Hastynges came of age.
Chaucer, writing about forty years after this period, gives us, in the Prologue to the Canterbury Tales a very revealing description of some of pilgrims whose professions are mentioned in the accounts of South Pembrokeshire.
Could they be used to put flesh on the records?
One of those he describes was the Franklin, a freeholder holding his estate free from feudal obligations. He had served as "knyght of the Shire" was a Justice of the Sessions, Sheriff and auditor. Chaucer's description portrays an elderly man who loved life, good food, wine, was very hospitable and from the description of the table he set must have been very wealthy.
The Reeve was thin old man who originally had served his time as a carpenter and was still good at that trade. Clean shaven and with a short haircut
"Wel koude he kepe a gerner and a bynne;
Ther was noon auditour koude on him wynne,
Well wiste he by the droghte and by the reyn
The yeldynge of his seed and of his greyn"
Chaucer's reeve was responsible and accounted for all the livestock belonging to his master. This he had done for many years and in all that time had never been caught in arrears. No bailiff or any other worker dared to complain, they all feared him as he knew every dodge and all their tricks. Over the years, because of his skill at bargaining he had grown rich and had a fine house but he was not above using some of his accumulated wealth to buy his Lord's favour
In these accounts:-
Philip Denyel was a reeve and also held 6a of land near le verywill,
Robert le Grana of Tenby was also a reeve and a landholder
John Cole - reeve - held land at Llamphey and Warren
William le Lange - reeve - also farmer of the mills (Miller)
Geoffrey Tortoun - reeve - also purchaser of peas etc., from Kingswode and farmer of the mills of Pembroke (Miller)
Philip le Yunge - reeve of Castlemartin was a bond tenant of the manor.
and three served as jurors on inquisitions (Philip Daniell, Walter Hun, John Wyseman)
According to Black book of St David's - see Lamphey
they present that they ought not to elect a reeve from among the farmers.
and of the 33 reeves mentioned in the accounts
9 served two terms as reeve
3 served 3 terms the rest served one term
From the various accounts listed it would appear that the reeve changed frequently
According to the Black Book introduction the reeves duties mostly were to collect the monies due to the Lord; - usually appointed by the Lord but in some cases the tenants do seem to have elected him and it was questioned as to whether they could elect him from outside their own body - from one of the entries it would appear that he had to be a burgess and that in his accounts the rent of a burgage tenement was allowed him for his salary.
Chaucer describes the plowman as an honest worker good and true who was used to shifting loads of dung out to the fields, manuring, digging ditches or thrashing corn. A steady workman who didn't slack and was prepared to help those worse off than himself for no reward. He followed the Gospel teachings:
"God loved he best with al his hoole herte
At alle tymes, thogh him games or smerte,
And thanne his neighbour right as hymselve"
He paid his tithes in full when they were due both what he owned, and on his earnings. He is described as wearing a tabard smock.This picture is at variance with that given in Piers Plowman's Crede written towards the end of the 14th Century where the ploughman is described as a poor man hanging on the plough, clothes and shoes in tatters with his wife even more poorly dressed and her bare feet cut by the ice as she goaded the starving heifers to pull the plough, their two children wrapped in rags lying at the end of the field.
The Miller was an entirely different fellow, big built, weighing sixteen stone, very strong with red hair and a wide nose on which there was a wart covered with red hair like bristles. He wore a blue hood and a white coat and was armed with a sword and buckler.He also played the bagpipes. According to Chaucer's description he was an unsavoury character not very honest, he is described as being a master at stealing grain, had a foul mouth and a host of filthy stories.
Chaucer also describes a Yeoman of which he says "A forseter was he, soothly, as I gesse". He wore a green coat and hood with a silver medal of St. Christopher on his chest and had a brown complection. A sheath of sharp arrows with flights of peacock feathers hung from his belt, he wore a brace on his arm to protect it from the bow string and he carried a mighty bow. He was also armed with a sword, a sharp dirk and a shield. Suspended from a green belt hanging from his shoulder was a polished hunting horn and he was an expert on woodcraft.
Constable - in one place received 5s out of the goods of anyone convicted and was also normally responsible for the safekeeping of prisoners.
Hayward - looked after the cattle and pasture of a manor.
There are records relating to South Pembrokeshire which record appointments to various posts:
1331 Jan 13 Westminster
(Patent Roll 4 Edward III pt 2 m 11 (Cal p 43).)
Appointment of Walter de Casto Martini to the bailiwick of the office of forester of Coytres, co Pembroke, during good behaviour.
1348 Dec 10 Westminster
(Close Roll 22 Edward III, Pt 2 m 5 (Cal., pp579 80).)
To Thomas Cloptin, keeper of the wardrobe, to whom the king committed the custody of two parts of the land in co. Pembroke in Wales, which belonged to Laurence de Hastynges, earl of Pembroke, tenant in chief in the king's hand by reason of the minority of the earl's heir, to hold until that heir should come of age.
Order to permit Richard de Cestr[ia] to hold the office of reaper of Castlemartin and to pay him his wages of 11/2d a day and the arrears thereof, as the earl granted that office to Richard to hold for life, receiving 1d a day for his wages, and afterwards the earl granted him 1/2d a day in augmentation of his wages for damages received while in the earl's service in parts beyond the sea, which grant the king ratified and pardoned Richard any trespass committed by him in acquiring the said office without licence.
To the same. Like order to permit John de Loud to hold the office of forestership of Coytrath and to pay him his wages of 1d a day and the arrears thereof, which office and wages were granted to him by the earl to hold for life, and the king ratified that grant and pardoned John any trespass committed by him in acquiring the said office without licence.To the same. Like order to permit William Redhefd to have constableship of Tenby castle and the office of "catchepol" of that town, and to pay him the wages of 1d a day and the arrears therof, in accordance with the earls grant to him confirmed by the king.
It is difficult to give some idea of the amount of land involved as the actual measurements varied - According to The Local Historians Encyclopedia:
Land retained by the lord of the manor for his own use and upon which tenants gave free service according to the customs of the manor
A Knight's Fee depended upon the quality of the land and was the amount required to support the knight and his family for one year. Usually between 4 and 48 Carucates (or Hides).
According to Owen  A knights fee is 640 acres and 5 knight’s fees held of the Earl of Pembroke were a barony
A Carucate again depended upon the quality of the land, it could vary between 60 and 180 acres and was the amount of land that would support a family and could be ploughed in a year using one plough.
A Memorandum in the Black book of St David's - (was it added in 16c?? - the introduction to the Black book would suggest that in the manuscript a "memorandum is given," so whether or not it was in the original manuscript could be questioned.) states that a curacate or hide of land contains 80 acres
According to Owen it was 64 acres.
An 1/8th of a carucate (also given as 20 acres)
A Bovate consisted of between 7 and 32 acres
The memorandum in the Black book of St David's - states that:-
A bovate of land contains 7 acres
According to Owen 8 acres equals a bovate.
Margaret F. Davies  suggests, from evidence in the survey of Lands of the Bishop of St David's (1326), that a bovate was equal to 7 acres, a carucate equaled 80 acres and that this was the approximate size of the normal farm, 8 carucates was the equivelant of a knight's fee approximately one square mile of land.
The acre had been standardised by Edward I as being equal to 4840 square yards although previously it had been the size of the strip that could be ploughed by a yoke of oxen in a day.
The English virgate was a quarter of a carucate = 2 bovates
but it would seem very doubtful if the virgate mentioned in the Black Book was that size as on one occasion a person is listed as holding 3 acres and 7 virgates which would indicated that an acre was somewhat over 7 virgates.
Welsh measure - Customary acre - here again there appears to be a discrepancy as the Black Book of St David's says that a person held an acre and a stang, so a stang would appear to be certainly less than an acre and from other entries it would appear that it is about a quarter of an acre.
There is also a suggestion that the measuments actually relate to the different plots that a person held.
each tenement contains a stang, (Black Book of St David's - see Llamphey).
According to the Black Book of St David's p. xii
The nature and size of a burgage tenement varied in size from Town to Town. It ought strictly to have included a house with a certain quantity of land but from the Black Book it would seem that in Wales, where a garden is mentioned as a burgage tenement in St Davids, a house was not always an essential part. The strict English rule was that a burgage tenement included a hearth therefore a house. The rent was a fixed sum irrespective of the size of the tenement although very often there was a variation as one burgage holder aquired part of another tenement. The map of the burgages of Pembroke town in medieval times,which illustrates Brian Paul Hindle's article on Medieval Pembroke,  shows plots of various sizes.
pe-- would appear from mathematical calculations to be equivelant to a stone.
li would appear to be equivelant of lb.
"payers of quit rents"
The mark originally was valued at 128 silver pennies (10s 8d) but was valued during this period at 13s 4d
First issued in England by Edward III worth about 6s 8d
m 11. View of the Account of Walter Seis, the Treasurer of Pembroke from Michaelmas (29 Sept) 1326 to 24 May 1327, for 33 weeks and four days.
received of David Phelip, the reeve there, by one tally. £ 30
Farm of the mills of Pembroke for this time, £ 20 11s 4 3/4d
the prise of the beer there . 77s 2d.
Sum £ 34 8s 6 3/4d
Costyniston and Wiston which are in ward
received of William Huloc, reeve of Costiniston, by one tally £ 6 5s 4d
received of Thomas Cogan, reeve of Wyston by one tally. £ 7
Sum £13 5s 4d
received of Robert, the baker, the farm of the mill of Waterwyche
by one tally. 13s 4d
The County (Com') for the ward of the castle of Pembroke;
from the ward of :
South Cyroni, 2s 6d
Sum 30s 6d.
And for the residue Richard de Collyngton is to answer, to wit:
Thouryston . 9s 6d
Perquisites of Court 5s 4d
for the time of this view, and no more, because Richard de Collyngton is to answer for the rest, and he has the Rolls of the court with Him
Total Receipts £ 70 3s 0 3/4d
Richard Symond, steward of Pembroke from Michaelmas to17th November for seven weeks, and constable and janitor of the castle of Pembroke for the same time, at £20 yearly 53s 10d.
Thomas de Carreu, the same offices from 17th November to
8th May following, for 24 weeks and three days £ 9 7s 6d;
fees of the constable and janitor from 8th Mat, for 16 days following, 4s
ie 3d per day, during which time there was no steward;
fee of the Treasurer from Michaelmas to 24th May,
for 33 weeks and 6 days, 64s 6d
fee of the sheriff at 100s yearly 64s 6d
fee of the clerk of the county, at 40s yearly 25s 10d
robe of the treasurer for winter 20s
robes of the the keeper of the manors for winter, () 20s
Sum £ 21 1 1/2d
Expenses of Walter Seys going to Carmarthen to
Sir William de la Southe, by order of the said William,
and staying there for two days, 2s 6d.;
one messenger sent by the said William to Cardiff and back, 2s 6d;
expense of William le Chambirleyn going to Ludlow to
Sir Roger de Mortimer on the lord's business, and back,
at 10d per day, 6s 8d;
for 30 boards bought for making regulis and ladles
for the mills of Pembroke, 2s 2d.
Sum 14s 2d
Sum of all expenses £ 21 14s 3 1/2 d
and so he owes £ 48 8s 9 1/4d
of which the said Walter is charged in his account of the farms of the mills of Pembroke for 3 Edward III, as appears there. [see Mills of Pembroke].
In 1331 The Steward of Pembroke, Richard Symond and his two attorneys, William Poll and Henry de Theford compiled the accounts for their overseeing of the county of Pembroke which was, at that time, in the hands of the King because of the minority of the heir to the Earldom, Lawrence de Hastynges. The estates had, until recently, been held by Roger Mortimer and the accounts were compiled on the transfer of the custody of the property to Elizabeth de Burgo, late wife of Roger Damory as recorded in the following deed:-
1331 Nov 16 Windsor
(Fine Roll, Edward III m 3 (Cal pp288 9)).
Grant to the king's kinswomen, Elizabeth de Burgo, some time the wife of Roger Damori and executrix of his will, for the £1500 which Anthony de Passaigne, knight, assigned to her of the sum of £8,141 8s 6d wherein Edward II was bound to him, and which the king by Anthony's assignment promised to pay her by letters patent surrendered by her in Chancery, and for the 500 marks which the king by writ dated 20 May last, ordered the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer to pay to the king's kinsman, William de Burgo, earl of Ulster, for good service, in wardships and marriages within two years therefrom, as appears by inspection of the rolls of Chancery which she has undertaken to pay to the earl, her son, and for 250 marks which she will pay at the Exchequer, of the wardship of the following lands late of Aymer de Valencia, earl of Pembroke in Wales, to wit, the castle of Pembroke, not extended beyond reprises, the town of Pembroke, extended at £ 36 16s 6d, the grange of Kyngeswood, extended at 113s 8d. the commote of Coytrath, extended at £ 9 12s 4d. the castle of Tyneby not extended beyond reprises, the town of Tynby, extended at £ 28 7s 1d, the manor of Castlemartin,extended at £ 102 22d whereof £ 40 are assigned to Mary, late wife of Aymer in dower, the manor of Tregeir, extented at 55s 10 1/2d . the foriegn rents and profits of the county of Pembroke extended at £ 22 15s 9d and the commote of Oysterof, extended at £ 7 13s 4d a year in the king's hand by reason of the minority of Laurence de Hastynges kinsman and one of the heirs of the said earl of Pembroke, of his pouparty of the lands late of his said kinsman, to hold until the lawful age of the said Laurence who was of the age of five years on St Benedict the Abbot, 18 Edward II, as was found by an inquisition returned to Chancery; and if Laurence die before coming of age, his heir being a minor, she, her executors or assigns, shall have the said wardship until the time when Laurence would have been of full age, and if he die and the premises come to an heir of full age, the king will cause her, her executers or assigns, to have recompense from other wardships; so that she, her heirs and assigns keep the premises without doing waste, destruction and exile, and maintain at their cost the buildings therein in as good a state as they now are; saving to the king's Knights fees and advowsons of churches.
Order to Richard Symond to deliver the same to her or her attorney, with the seal deputed for the office of chancellor of the said county, in his keeping of the king's commitment.
Order to the tenants to be intendant.
The accounts relating to this area cover the issues of the castle and town of Pembroke, of the tenements of the grange of Kyngeswode, Castle Martin, castle and town of Tenby, the commote of Coytrath from 18 February 1331 (ie 5 Edward III) to Michaelmas following, and from Michaelmas to 16 November next following when control of the estate was handed over.
RECIEPTS 18 Feb to Mich 1331 & Mich to 16 Nov 1331
1] Castle and Town of Pembroke
1] rentof 220 burgages of Pembroke with the rents of Kyngesdon and the glebe of the church of Rustrouthour.
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 11 1s 6d
2] Rent due to the ward of the castle of Pembroke from
the five knights fees at Carru,
five knights fees at Manerbr,
half knights fee at le Asshe,
half knights fees from the rent of the vill of Thouriston,
two knights fees at Costenyston
half knights fees at Jordaneston
one knights fees . Coytragh,
the rent of Mynewere
one carucate of land at le Thor
one carucate at Carswell
five knights fees at Stakepol
one knights' fee at Moriston,
rent of two bovates at St Ciro,
rent of two-thirds of the vill of Corston
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 9 7 7d
3] Chenser rents 18 Feb to Mich.1331 8s 0d
4] Farm of three water-mills there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 26 13 4d
5] Toll of Beer
and Markets of the borough of Pembroke
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 4 6 6d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 2 14 2d
6 Perquisites of the fair Hundred, county and Castle Gate Courts
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 37 2 0d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 7 13 10d
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 87 6 7d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 12 0 4d
1] Repairing the roof of the Prison and of the house where the County CourtComitatus) is held and divers houses in the castle etc.
18 Feb to Mich 1331 £ 1 15 2d
2] Stones bought for repairing the bridge of the North Mill there, digging and carrying the same to the said bridge, together with the carriage of two mill stones from Tenby to the said mill ()
18 Feb to Mich 1331 16s 10d
(owing £ 85 4s 7d) Total £ 2 12 0d
2] Kyngeswode 18 Feb to Mich 1331
1] Divers tenants there with rent of two pastures 50s 0d
2] Easments of the capital messuage and of two carucates of waste land there £ 6 9 0d
3] farm of a certain ferry there £ 2 13 4d
4] 5a. meadow sold "in herba" 6s 0 d
Total £ 11 18 4d
3] Castle Martin
1] Rents of assise of the manor and its members payable at Easter, Whitsuntide Gule of August and Michaelmas
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 25 9s 0 1/4d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 20 19s 4 3/4d
2] Farm of one carucate of certain demesne lands there which the oxmen (bovarii)and the smiths held there payable at Easter and Michaelmas
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 5 9s 8d
3] Farm of two windmills and one watermill there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 11 0s 0d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 1 9s 0d
4] Easement of the capital messuage there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 3s 4d
5] From 10a of meadow "in herba; 200a of pasture " de vast), and the profits of the
turbaryand reeds in the marshes sold this year
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 4 0 0d
Perquisites of the courts there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 5 14s 10d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 1 14s 1d
(Owing £ 50 19s 3 1/4d)
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 51 16 10 1/4d Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 24 17 0 3/4d
1] wage of reeve and messor there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 17s 6d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 3s 10d
4] Castle and Town of Tenby
1] Rent of 230 burgages
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 11 10 0d
2] Chenser rents
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 1 6 8d
3] Farm of 50 a of demesne land, 1a.of meadow, 1a of pasture
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 3 0 0d
4] Farm of six mills there of which two are watermills
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 12 18 8d
5] Tolls of the port and town and prise of beer there 18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 5 1 0d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 4 2 6 1/4d
6] Perquisites of the Fair, Hundred and Foreign Courts
8 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 8 13 0d
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 42 10 2d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 £ 4 2 6 1/4d
1] Allowed rents of two reeves
18 Feb to Mich.1331 1s 3d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 3d
2] Wage of the constable keeping the said castle and goal, taking for himself and one boy 2d a day.
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 1 17 2d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 8s 0
(Owing £ 40 11 9d) -------------------
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 1 18 5d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 8s 3d
3] Commote of Coytrath
1] Rents of assise of the free and gable tenants in the commote of Coytrath
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 10 15 8d
2] Firgauel there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 15s 0d
3] Half acre of marsh land
18 Feb to Mich.1331 1s 6d
4] For briary, roots, turf and honey found in the woods
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 1 15 1d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 4s 6d
5] Perquisites of Courts
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 1 16 6d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 9s 6d
18 Feb to Mich.1331 £ 15 3 9d
Mich to 16 Nov 1331 14s 0d
1] allowed rent of one reeve there
18 Feb to Mich.1331 6 8d
(Owing £ 14 17s 1d)
Steward of Pembroke accounts (Min Account 1208, No 6).
Account of Richard Symond, steward of the County of Pembroke from Nicholas 5 to 16 November next following on which day the said Richard, by order of the king, delivered the same to Elizabeth de Burgo.
prise of beer; 13s
market toll 8d
pleas and perquisites of the hundred, 2s 6d
profits of the mills, 70s 4d
Sum £ 4 6s 6d.
Profits of the County
Pleas and perquisites of the Court of fresh force and obligations, and the Court of the Gate of the Castle of Pembroke, £ 7 13s 10d
Rents of Assise of both the free and the gable tenants there, £ 18 6s 0 3/4d
for all Saints;
and of John de Lany for fixing a certain weir on the lord's land, 3s 4d .
for All Saints;
rent of Flemyston for All Saints; 50s;
pleas and perquisites of the court there for All Saints;., 33s 1d;
profits of the mill for All Saints; 29s;
Sum £ 24 17 5 3/4d
of which 19d. allowed to the reeve for collecting rents and money; 19d
he receives yearly 12s
wages of the messor there do., 2s 3d;
he receives yearly 17s 4d
So he owes £ 23 17s 7 3/4d
Toll of the port and town, 9s 3 3/4d;
perquisites of hundred, 3s;
profits of prise of beer and two water-mills and of 4 wind-mills, 56s 3 !/2d.
let at £ 21.. 6s 8d yearly.;
pleas and perquisites of the Foreign Court, 13s 11d.
Sum., £ 4 2s 6 1/4d
of which :- fee of Richard Huberd and Martin Selyman, reeves there 3d.;
fee of the constable of the castle of Tenby and of one sergeant 8s
ie. 2d per day.;
the decay of 1 water-mill there because destroyed by the sea (fluctum maris)
So he owes 74s 3 1/4d
Commote of Coytrayth
Pannage there at Martinmas 4s 6d
pleas and perquisites of the courts there 9s 6d
Fee of the Bailiff
fee of the steward of the county of Pembroke 52s
fee of the Treasurer there 13s
fee of the Sheriff 13s
clerk of County and of the courts 5s 2d
in each case for the time of the account.
Account of Richard Symond, Steward of the County of Pembroke, from 18 February, 5 Edward III to Michaelmas next following.
Rent of 220 burgages at Easter and Michaelmas, £ 4
rent of Kynigisdine at Easter and Michaelmas,. 6d
rent of the glebe of the church Ruscrouthour, £ 12
market tolls 5s
pleas and perquisites of the fair there at the feast of the
Apostles Peter and Paul, 6s 8d
chensers and "burgesses by the wind" 8s
pleas and perquisites of the hundred there, 15s 8d
farm of 3 water-mills £ 20 13s 4d;
prise of beer, 59s 2d
Sum £ 42 9s 4d
m3. (shedule attached to m. 2)
Foreign Reciepts of the County of Pembroke
Rent due for the ward of the castle of Pembroke
5 knight's fees at Carrew at Michaelmas only 28s
5 knight's fees at Maynerbir at Easter and Michaelmas, 17s
from Thouryston at Michaelmas only 9s 6d;
from 1/2 knight's fee at Le Asshe at Michaelmas 1d;
2 knight's fees at Costenyston at Easter and Michaelmas 8s
from 1/2 knight's fee at Jordanyston 12d;
1 knight's fee in Coytrath, 4s;
from Mynewer at Easter and Michaelmas 4s;
from 1 carucate at Carswell at Easter and Michaelmas 2s 6d
6 knight's fees at Stakepol at Easter and Michaelmas, 18s
1 knight's fee at Moristoun at Easter and Michaelmas, 4s
from Popetone at Easter and Michaelmas, 4s
bovates of land at Seynt Cyrou at Easter and Michaelmas. 5s
2 perches of Corston which are held in socage £ 4;
pleas and perquisites of the County Court, the courts of fresh force
and obligations, and the Court of the Gate of the Castle, £ 35 19s 8d
Sum £ 45 7s 3d
For digging and carrying stones for repairing the northern bridge of the mill 16d
lime for the same, 10d
planks for the same, 2s
reward for two masons repairing the said bridge for 9 days
each taking per day 3d., 4s 6d
regard of a boy helping them for the said time at 2d per day 18d
carriage of two mill stones from Tenby to the said mill of Pembroke, 6s 8d
200 boards bought for repairing the Prison Tower,
covering the Domus Comitatus,
and the chapel in the Castle there by contract, 20s
by view of John Cantrel, the constable of the said castle;
2,400 nails bought for the same, 6s 4d
a piece of iron bought for making hinges ("gundis et vertinellis ") ?
for the wicket of the Prison;
reward of the smith doing them 8d
stipend of 2 carpenters repairing the Prison Tower, 3s
stipend of 1 carpenter for covering and repairing the chapel
and the "Domus Comitatus" with shingles (cindulis) 4s 6d
Sum 52s 8d
So owes £ 85 4s 5d.
Easement of the chief messuage there, 12d
2 acres of several pasture, 18d
rent of certain tenants for life by grant of Aymer de Valence, 48s 6d
farm of the ferry, 63s 4d
2 carucates of waste land let at farm £ 6 4s
5a of meadow sold "in herba" 6s and no more became
depastured by the cattle agisted in the said meadow on account
of the drought (propter siccitatem temporis)
Sum £ 11 18s 4d
Easement of the chief messuage there 40d
rent of free and gable tenants at Whitsuntide £ 18 6s 0 3/4d
their rent on the Gule of August 34s 9d
rent of John de Lony for a certain weir, etc., at Whitsuntide, 3s 4d
Angle, rent of assize, Michaelmas, 18d
vill of Lony, rent of assize, 20d
rent of John de Castro and Isabel his wife, for
one third part of the vill of Corston, at Easter and Michaelmas 46s 8d
1 carucate of demesne land let at farm, 64s
10a of meadow sold in herba 20s
200a. pasture of the waste, 40s
profits of the marsh there, for turves and reeds sold 20s
for land which the bovarii held at Easter and Michaelmas, 42s 8d
rent of land which the smith held for repairing the iron of the plough 3s
the farm of 2 windmills and 1 watermill £ 11
the pleas and perquisites of the courts there 114s 10d
Sum £ 51 16s 10 1/4d
of which wages of the reeve for collecting rents
and other profits there 7s 3d (ie 12s yearly)
wages of the manorial bailiff (messor) for making
attachments, distraints, and summonses, 10s 4d
(he takes 4d weekly).
So he owes, £ 50 19s 3 1/4d
Rent of 230 burgages there £ 11 10s
50 acres demesne land 50s
1a. meadow 2s
11a of pasture at le Waterwith, 8s
toll of port and town with prise of beer and mead 101s 10d
pleas and perquisites of the fair at the Assumption of Holy Mary 6s 10d
chensers and burgesses by the wind, at Easter and Michaelmas £ 12 18s 8d
pleas and perquisites of the foreign courts (Cur' For') there £ 7 14s 2d
Sum £ 42 10s 2d
of which, fee of William Wysman and John Boster,
reeves there for collecting money 15d (yearly 2s)
fee of the constable of the castle and one sergeant
for keeping the goal with prisoners, 37s 2d (yearly 60s 8d)
decay of a watermill there because destroyed by the sea 40s
And he owes £ 40 11s 9d
Commote of Coytrath
free rent of Coytrath 61s 8d
rent of the gable tenants £ 7 14s 0d
a certain profit called firgauil 15s 0d
1/2a of marsh 18d
mine of sea coal nil
because no one worked it during the time of this account
for briers and rushes sold from certain "briery land" called Stanvers 20s 3d
for turbary sold there 7s 10d For honey found in the wood 12d
pleas and perquisites of the Court there 36s 6d
Sum £ 15 3s 9d
of which - paid to the reeve for collecting money 6s 8d
And he owes £ 14 17s 1d
Fees of the Bailiffs
Fee of the Steward of Pembroke for himself,
the Constable of the Castle of Pembroke
the Janitor of the said castle £ 11 18 6d
(yearly £ 20)
For his summer robe and his chamber (pro cella sua) 50s yearly
Fee of the Treasurer of Pembroke 57s 8d
his summer robe 23s 4d
Fee of the Sheriff of Pembroke - for himself and chief beedle 59s 8d
clerk of the County Courts 23s 11d
1 iron coffer with lock, bought for keeping the King's money 2s 6d
canvas for making pockets 7d
for sewing these pockets 1d
Inquisition into the Estate of Aymer de Valance held on August 20 1324
Castle Martin In the said county etc. the manor of Castlemartin ;
1 capital messuage, 12d yearly;
2 carucates of land, worth 40s each yearly;
15a meadow worth 12d per acre yearly;
300a pasture worth 2d per acre yearly;
100a marshland, worth yearly 10s, and no more because[....]
1 water mill and 1 wind mill, worth £ 9 yearly;
rent of assize of the free tenants £ 4 5s 4d. payable as under;
at All Saints 32s, at the Purification of Holy Mary 10s 8d, at Whitsuntide 32s, on the gul of August 10s 8d;
the rent of Philip de Luny for a certain weir attached to the lord's land at the mill of Ffoyn, payable at All Saints' and Whitsuntide, £ 1 2 s
rent of assize of the free tenants with the rent of ffemyssheston, payable in equal sums at All Saints' and Whitsuntide 100 marks;
the customary rents there £ 72, payable as under;
All Saints'£ 3 17s 2d; ;Purification of Holy Mary, 62s 9 1 / 2 d; Whitsuntide £ 32 17s 2d; Gule of August 62s 9 1/2d;
the rent of John de Castro and Isabella, his wife, who held for term of life one third of the vill of Carston, 46s 8d payable in equal sums at Easter and Michaelmas;
the rent of assize of the ville of Angle at Michaelmas 18d;
the rent of assize of the vill of Luny at the same term 20d;
the pleas and perquisites of the courts there are worth 60s yearly.
1324 December 6
Mary, the widow of Aymer de Valence as assigned, as dower, on December 6th 1324, the manor of St Florence and part of the manor of Castlemartin
The Manor of St Florence, which was assigned to her in the king's chancery
in which there are:
a capital messuage, worth 12d yearly;
1 carucate,3 bovates and 4 acres of land, worth altogether 60s yearly;
30 acres several pasture, worth per acre 4d yearly;
4 acres marshland (marisci) worth 8d per acre yearly;
a water mill worth 26s 8d yearly;
a certain park, the yearly profit of which is nothing beyond the keep of the wild stock (ferar')
a customary rent of assize of £ 28 yearly in equal sums at Easter and Michaelmas;
the rent of the cottagers there 6s 8d yearly, payable as above;
the pleas and the perquisites of the courts there worth 5s yearly.
Sum £ 33 14s
The Manor of Castle Martin as follows ;
a moiety of the capital messuage,
to wit, a moiety of the grange on the south with a certain adjacent plot for the "Daeria integra",
and a moiety of the oxhouse (Boverie) in the east,
the easements of which are valued at 6d yearly;
also 1 carucate of land extended at 40s yearly,
5a of meadow 5s,
100a pasture 16s 8d,
33 1/3a. of marsh land 3s 4d
the rents and services of
John de Luny,
John Fitz Henry Dawe,
David Meyler and Joan his wife, free tenants 34s 7d;
the rents and services of
Richard de Cruce,
William le Yunge,
Philip le Yunge,
Ade de Leffery,
William de Landfey,
John de Hibernia,
John de la Haye,
John le Prikker,
John son of Philip Rys,
Richard Philip Joye and Mable his wife,
Ade de Slade,
Ralph le Machon,
John Ffiret, junior,
Mable le gras,
Robert le Longe,
Philip de la More,
elen, dau. of Philip Brounyng,
Suetilde of Castle Martin,
and Walter Lide;
bond tenants which are extended at £ 33 9s 11d yearly.
And the perquisites of the courts for the said tenants free and bond at 30s yearly.
Sum Total of the Assignment of the said Mary's dower in the manor of Castle Martin £ 40
Min. Acc., 1207/1
Account of .... reeve of Castle Martin from Michaelmas 4 Edward III to 18th February next following
rent of the gable tenants and the cottagers of Castle Martin and Lyssery at All Saints and the Purification of St Mary £ 20 5s 01/4d
Mill of Ffoyn 3s 4d
rent of Fflemygeston 50s
Rent of Corston nothing until Easter
for mess () ........ nothing until Michaelmas
of Walter Gibbe, nothing until Easter
for 9 feet of land, nothing until Easter
Sum £ 22 18s 4 1/4d
Nothing until Michaelmas
for 83 (?) acres of the demesne lands let at will by Thomas de Hompton, steward, nothing until Easter
33 acres of pasture do.
repair of ironwork of the plough............... 21 1/2d;
Sum 21 1/2d
(1) of Castle
(2) Stelton Nil till Easter
Pleas and Perquisites 13s 4d
Sum of total receipts £ 23 13s 5 3/4d
Of which expended on boards and nails for one door; 3d
wages of the messor 6s 8d
.................................. 4s 8d
and delivered. to Walter Seys by order of Robert de Harley £ 19 17d
Owing £ 4 0s 5 3/4 d
Inquisition into the Estate Aymer de Valance held on August 20 1324
Commote of Coytrath
The commote of Coytrath is in the said county, and comprises;
The yearly rent of assize of the free tenants, 61s 7d., payable as above;
the yearly rent of customary tenants who hold at their will, £ 4(?), payable as above;
a certain wood of oaks there, called Coytrath, the pasture of which is [of no value]
but the underwood and pannage is worth 3s yearly, payable at Michaelmas;
in the said wood there is a certain profit called Virgavel, worth yearly 10s, payable in equal sums at Easter and Michaelmas;
also 1/2acre of marshland there, worth 12d yearly, payable at the same terms;
also a mine of sea coal (fossatum... minera carbonis marini)
paying a yearly rent of 16s 4d, as above; also certain gorse and heath land whose yearly profit is worth 10s, payable as above;
also certain turbary, yielding the yearly rent of 6s 8d;
the pleas and perquisites of the courts there are worth 1/2 mark.
Sum £ 9 12s 4d.
1331 Jan 13 Westminster
Patent Roll 4 Edward III pt 2 m 11 (Cal p 43)
Appointment of Walter de Casto Martini to the bailiwick of the office of forester of Coytres, co Pembroke, during good behaviour
m.13. View of the account of Philip Laurence, reeve there, from Michaelmas, 4 Edward III, to Michaelmas next following.
Rent of assise
From the free tenants there yearly 42s 2d
For the customary rents there yearly with the increment
of the rent of Kyloketty and Trefheyli'; £ 9 14s 1d
increment this year nil
Sum £ 11 16s 3d
recieved from the protection tenants (advocarii) namely
Farm of the Mills
Rent and farm of 4 water mills,
1 fulling mill
and the water course to the mill of Walter Elisandr' 53s 6d
Sum 53s 6d
Issue of the Manor
wyrgavyl of the tenants there this year, no more because some abandoned (recesserunt) their tenements there; 18s
turbary this year by view of John Adam 10s
for 3 acres of rushes (ruscorum) sold in Stanborhus[?] 30s
for pasture in Stanbarhus, and no more this year because none was found
for roofing or covering material sold in the marsh (cooptor vendit'in maresco)
Pannage this year 6s
horse toll 12d
18 autumn works of 6 tenants in Kylketty 3s
for coal sold this year 13s 4d
for a certain "rip" [ of coal ] this year 12d
Sum £ 4 9s 4d
pleas and perquisites of the courts there with the () heriots as appears by the estreats of the courts £ 9 15s 7d
Total Receipts £ 28 15s 3d
Paid to the castle of Pemboke for vardsylvyr by the hands of John Champaygne
in decay the rent of 4 acres of land in the hands of Rees ap Eynon ap Gronow outlawed at
the suit of Philip Cole, by writ of trespass 16d
repairing the pinfold in different places (ponefall' emendend p' loc') 4d
Paid to Richard de Colynton, Receiver of Pembroke by two tallies £ 10 3s 8d
and to Walter Seys, by order of Sir Robert de Hareley 41s
Sum of all expenses and payments £ 12 7s 10d
and he owes £ 16 7s 5d
1331c. 13d. View of the account of Philip Laurance , reeve of Coytrath from Michaelmas 4 to 18 February next following.
Nothing until Easter except 3d horse toll and
14s 11d., pleas and perquisites.
Total 14s 11d., which he owes.
m14 Account of Thomas Alyward, reeve there, from Michaelmas 3 to Michaelmas 4
Arrears £ 4 3s 10d
Rents of Assise £ 11 16s 3d
William Andru. 7d
Mills 53s 6d
Issues of the Manor
turbary sold, by view of Walter Leuetret and Philip Bagelas; 7s 2d.
nothing for rushes (russ) this year because prohibited by the steward;
pasture in Stanboris sold, 5s;
honey found in the forest by view of the forester, 5d;
for roofing material in the marsh (de copertorio in maresco) sold;
toll of horses sold this year, 11d;
18 autumn work, etc 3s;
for one pit (piteo) of coal sold this year; 26s 8d
for the coal of a certain Ripe sold 12d
Sum 70s 8d.
Pleas and perquisites of Court £ 7 8s 4d
Total receipts £ 29 13s 2d
Rents Paid and Decay
Paid to William, the beedle of Pembroke for vardesilvurI of Kilkett, which is in the hands of the lord, 18d;
decay of 6 acres, etc 16d;
for making the door of the pinfold (et in hostio pontefald' fac') by the order of Robert Malley, 2d
Payment of Money
To the Reciever by seven tallies £ 24 17s 4d
Sum £ 24 17s 4d.
Sum of all expenses amd payment £ 25 4d.;
and he owes £ 4 12s 10d.; of which Iewaun le Coumbe owes 11s 6d., as appears in the preceding account (sic)
1331 Feb 4 Langley
Fine Roll 5 Edward III m 30 (Cal p 230)
Inquisition into the Estate Aymer de Valance held on August 20 1324
The aforesaid Earl held the grange of Kyngeswode in the said county. In which there are ;
1 messuage(?) worth 12d yearly;
2 carucates of land, worth 40s each yearly;
5 acres of meadow, worth 12d per acre;
2 acres several pasture, worth 6d per acre;
and a certain ferry called "Penebroke Fferre", paying 26s 8d rent yearly at Michaelmas and Easter
Sum £ 30 13s 8d
Ministers Account 1208 No 5
m.1. Account of Philip Denyel, reeve of Kyngiswode, from ..Michaelmas 1327 to Michaelmas 1328
Recieved of Henry Aunger for certain land in Godybrok let to him for term of life by William de Valencia, 41s.
Of Philip Denyel for 6a of land near le verywill, 7s 6d.
Of Thomas de Rupe and Stephen Beneger for 100a
held by them at will, 100s
Of Thomas Martin for 48a of land in Gonedoune held by him at will, 64s
Of Thomas de Rupe and Stephen Beneger for 48a in Gonedoune
held by them at will, 64s
Of John Cantrel for a certain marsh (mora) and medegripis
held by him at will, 2s 6d.
Farm of the ferry there, yearly 53s 4d.
Sum of Total Receipts, £ 16 12s 4d.
Delivered to Richard de Colyngton by the hands of the said tenants
m.2. View of the account of William Peyteuyn, reeve of Kyngeswod from Michaelmas 1327 to Michaelmas 1328.
Rents and Farms
rent of Goldebrok; 41s
of Philip Daniel for 7 1/2a let to him; 7s 6d
farm of the ferry 73s 4d
Sum. 101s 10d.
18q of wheat at 5s 4d. per qr., £ 4 16s;
1bus. melivi cor' 4 1/2d ;
10q.4b. pols at 3s per qr., 31s 6d.;
10q. 4b of peas at 2s per qr., 21s.;
5q. of peas at 2s. 8d. per qr., 14s 8d.;
13q. 3b. barley at 3s per qr., 40s 1d.;
72q. 4b. of oats at 2s per qr., £ 6 5s.
Sum £ 16 8s 8d.
For divers straws for thatching, etc. (coop't et paliis) sold 34s 6d.
Total £ 23 5d
Threshing and Winnowing:
for threshing 57q 6b
duri blad. at task, 9s 71/2d.,
ie. 2d. per qr.;
do 62q. 4b of oats, 3s 73/4d.,
ie 13/4d for 21/2q.;
winnowing the entire corn at task, 2s 51/4d.,
ie. 2d for every 7 qrs.
Sum 15s 81/2d
Wages of the Reeve at 6d per week, 26s 11/2d
Mowing (Falcacio). For spreading the hay,
and again gathering and heaping it (tassand), at task, 6d.
To Henry John of Bourton, for the lord's share of
the ferry boat (cimba) there by order of Thomas Hampton 24s 2d.
For carrying 6b. of peas and pols from Kyngeswood
to the bridge of Pembroke, which Geoffrey Torinton
bought of Thomas Hampton, the steward, 16d,
Paid to Walter Syrbourn, janitor of the castle, by
order of Thomas de Hampton, 10s.
Sum 35s 6d.
Paid to Richard Colynton, the Treasurer,
in respect of corn and rents, £ 19 7s 3d.
Total of all Expenses and Payments, £ 23 5s 1d.,
and he owes 1d.
.2d. Issues of the Grange of Kyngeswod.
Wheat Crop: 20q of wheat and 1b of melior corall. Sold 18q 1b.
Thomas de Hampton, the steward, had 16b. for bread (pro pane)
Pols Crop (ie., de exitu); 10q. 4 b. All sold by the steward to G. Torinton.
Peas Crop: 15q. 6b. All sold by steward and reeve.
Barley; Crop: 14q.4b. All sold.
Oats: Crop: 62q. 4b. All sold.
Meadow: Five acres of meadow hay received and delivered to Thomas de Hampton, the steward at the castle of Pembroke.
Affers: 3 remaining from last year.
Sold by the Steward and the Receiver for 27s.
Oxen: 6 remaining from last year. Sold for 54s., etc.
Ewes (Oves Matrices) 145 remaining from last year.
Sold by the steward, etc., for £ 7 5s.
Lambs: 48 remaining, etc., and sold for 30s.
For which sums the aforesaid Steward and Receiver have to answer.
They say each acre(?) of wheat can yield (potuit r)1 crib'r (;)
of barley, 2qrs.:
of oats, 2 qrs.
Also that R Beneger bought
3 affer 9s. ea.,
6 oxen 9s. ea
145 ewes 12d. ea.
and 48 lambs 8d. ea..
m.3. Account of William Leverroc, reeve of Kyniswode, from Michaelmas 1326 to Michaelmas 1327.
Rents of Assise:
yearly rent of Goddelbroke; 41s
yearly rent of Richard, the porter, 7s 6d
yearly rent of the ferry. 53s 4d
Sum 101s 10d.
Issues of the Manor:
for 23 "old" sheep sold at 10d. each; 19s 2d.
for 1 old "affer" sold; 3s 1d
for 44 lambs sold at 7d. each; 25s. 8d.
for 4 "late" lambs (agnis tardinis) sold at 4d. each; 16d
for 4 1/2d pe. 3li of wool sold at 2s 11d. per stone; 14s 2d
for 11/2pe of lambs wool sold at 3s per stone; 4s 6d
for 30pe. of cheese and butter sold at 10d. per stone; 25s
for 33 pelts (de morina) sold; 14 1/2d
for 10 lambs pelts sold; 5d
for the pasture of the castle of Gonedon in winter 14d,
and for the same pasture in summer: 4s
for la medegripis 3s
for sepultura indeorum; 6d
de Wayteriscnol; 2s
for the marsh near the sea; 12d
for "brunyngislake"; 12d
for the pasture of the sheep of John Caudd(?) on Gonedon; 15d
for the same pasture of the sheep of the lepers (leprosorum); 12d
for one barren sheep sold at the Gule of August (Aug 1) 14d
Sum £ 7 13s 5d.
for 14 qrs 6b of wheat sold, price per quarter 6s. £ 4 8s 6d;
for 4qrs of barley sold, price per quarter 4s 4d; 17s 4d
for 37 qrs 6b of oats sold, price per qr. 2s 8d. 100s 8d
Sum £ 10 6s 6d.
Sum Total, £ 23 . 21d
Costs of Ploughing:
Iron bought for the ploughs during the year, 2s 10d;
reward (mercede) of the smith, 13d.;
for sharpening the ploughs (in carucis chirpand) several times, 3d;
rods(nigis) bought 3d.;
in arcubz boum, 2d.;
for a coulter on ploughshare (vomere) bought
for the new plough and making it 6d;
shoeing the offers, 6d;
hire of a boy for the plough for 34 days
when a second plough was used
(levavit secundam carucam), 2s 3d.,
ie., at 1/2d per day.
Sum 7s 10d.
For washing and shearing the sheep at Michaelmas, 9d., ie 1d per score;
for do. at Kallanmey, 9 1/2d;
for "lapping"(liganda) the wool at both shearings, 2d.
Sum 20 1/2d
42 qr 1/2b of hard corn at task, 7s., ie 2d a qr;
75 qrs of oats 5s., ie 4/5d per qr.;
for winnowing all the corn at task, 23 1/4d., ie for every 7 sieves (cribr) of all kinds of corn,2d;
for 2 sieves (cribr) bought for winnowing, 3d
Sum 14s 2 1/4d.
Payments to Servants
The livery (liberacio) two ploughmen during the year 34s 8d., ie 4d each per week;
their "stipend" for the same time, 11s.;
the livery (liberacio) of one harrower for 31 weeks in winter, 10s 4d (ie., 4d per week); his stipend, 3s.;
livery (liberacio) of one shepherd of sheep for the year, 17s 4d. (ie 4d per week); his stipend, 5s.;
livery of the helper at lamping time (in tempore fetus)
for 9 weeks before Kallanmay, 2s 3d (ie 3d per week);
livery of the reeve, 26s (ie., 6d per week);
his shepherd for the same time 10s.;
livery of one dairymaid(Daye) for 21 weeks, 4s 41/2d;
stipend for the same time 2s.
Sum £ 6 8s 21/2d.
3 b of beans 2s 6d;
2 qrs 3 b of peas, 12s 7d. price 5s 4d per qr.
Sum 15s 1d.
For weeding all the corn 3s 11 1/2d ie for every acre of wheat 1d and for every acre of oats 1/2d.
Sum 3s 11 1/2d
For the hire of 363 men for mowing, binding and
raising(?) (coptend) the corn at task, 60s 6 1/2d each one taking 2d per day.
For the hire of 48 carters (carect) for carrying the corn, 12s., each one of them taking 3d per day;
the hire of one man for pitching corn in the common field
into the carts (ad furcendum in campo ad carectas)
for nine days at 1 1/2d per day, 13 1/2d.;
the hire of one man for pitching corn to the stack
in the hagard (ad furcand'tass in hagardo) for nine days, 18d (ie 2d per day)
the hire of one, thatching and stacking the
same (coopendo tassando) for 5 days, 10d (ie at 2d);
for one boy helping 5d.;
for drawing 500 sheaves for thatching
(garc' coopertur stricand) at task, 5d (ie 1d per hundred).
Sum 76s 9 1/2/d
.......????[MS Defective].for the oxen and corn bought for
sowing, and as forage for the animals, £ 7 10s
Monies Paid To Richard Colynton, the treasurer of Pembroke, by tally, £ 7 17s.
Sum of all Expenses and Payments £ 28 14s 9 1/4d ...........
m.3 (dorse). Issue of the Grange of Kyngiswode 1327 -1328.
Crop, 26 1/2q. 1b., also 3 1/2q.;
of which seed for 30 acres. 9q. 6 1/2 per acre;
for 3 1/2 acres (grossi frumenti) 3 1/2b.;
and per acre for 26 1/2 acres, 2 1/2b,
delivered to Gylys the constable as part expenses of Thomas de Hampton, steward,
Sold, 14q.6b. Sum 30q.1/2b And they are equal.
Crop 2q. 6b.
Bought 3q 1b. Seed for 6 acres, 3q.1b., ie., per acre 5b. Equal
Bought 2q 5b. seed for 11 acres, ie., 2 1/2b per acre. Equal
Crop 8q 3b.
Seed for 7 acres ie 5 b per acre Sold 4q. Equal
Crop 75 qrs 1 b.
Seed for 35 acres, 26qr. 2b., ie 6b per acre;
provender of 4 affers from All Saints to Kallanmey for 26 weeks, 11q. 1b.,
and of the two offers which carried money (argentum) to Wigemor for eight days going and coming.
Sold 37q. 6b. Equal. This year 89 acres are sown.
4 remaining from last year, of which 1 sold, being old and feeble. Remaining 3
6 remaining as last year.
2 remaining from last year; both died before Christmas.
156 remaining from last year. 42 added from the hogs. Sum 198.
Died before Xmas 7.; after Xmas and before the Purification and the lambing season, 13; after the lambing season and before shearing, 2. Sold at Martinmas with wool, 23; after shearing, 3: also sold at the Gule of August 1.
Sum 53. Remaining, 145.
44 hogs ie the lambs remaining from last year. Dead, 2.
Added to ewes, 42.
117 lambs from the aforesaid ewes, and no more because 3 were barren, etc.
Of which dead (murrain), 11. Tithe, 10. Sold, 48. So 49 remain.
129 fleeces of wool remaining which made 5 1/2st 1b.; 49 fleeces of lambs wool which made 10st. and 4 1/2 st 5b from the Kallanmey shearing. And 1 1/2 st of lambs wool at the same term.
Sum 23st 6b. Of which,Tithe, 1st.; sold 22st 6b.
33st of cheese and butter; tithe 3st.; sold 30st.
33 skins (murrain). Sold 33.
11 skins (murrain) Sold 10; tithe 1.
5 acres of meadow taken by Thomas de Hampton, the steward.
Town and Castle of Tenby. In the said county, etc.
The castle is worth nothing beyond reprisals;
in the said town of Tynebey there
are 220 burgages paying a yearly rent of £ 11
50a of arable land arrented 8d. per acre,
1a. meadow, worth 12d yearly;
11a. pasture, worth 3d per acre yearly;
the customs of the port
with the tolls of the town are worth 60s yearly;
the prises of mead and beer 20s yearly;
2 water mills and 3 wind mills, worth £ 10 yearly;
the pleas and perquisites of the courts worth 20s yearly.
Sum £ 28 12s 1d
m.4. View of the account of John Trouer, John Gurdoun, Walter Hun and William Wysman, reeves of Tenby, from Michaelmas 1329 to Michaelmas 1330
Rents of Assize
Of 352 burgages yearly, with the increment
of the year preceding £ 12 12s
50a of the lord's demesne let at farm, 50s.;
11a at Waterwyche 8s.;
a meadow, 2s;
one water mill and three windmills there let at farm
to William le Lang by Thomas de Hampton, steward £ 14 13s 4d yearly
Sum £ 17 13s 4d.
Issues of theManor
"Burgesses by the wind" (De aventiciis) this year, 37s 2d.;
Chensers () (de sensar'), 32s 3d.;
toll of sheep 12s
prise of mead and beer 77s 1d
toll of the port and of the town £ 4 5s 9d
fair tolls 2s
pleas and perquisites of the hundred court 16s 5d
third part of a burgage escheating through the felony
committed by Edmund, the carpenter 3s 6d
pleas and perquisites of the fair nil
pleas and perquisites of the courts 106s 5d
For the prise of wines Richard Colynton will answer
Sum £ 18 11s 7 1/2d
Sum Total £ 48 11s 11 1/2d
Catchpole of the town 3s
Richard Evarard, constable 60s 8d yearly
Sum 68s 8d
To Richard Colynton, treasurer by the hands of Walter Hun
and William Wysman £ 16 2 1/2d by one tally
To the same by the hand of Benedict le Gras,
farmer of the mills £ 14 13s 4d by two tallies
to the same by the hands of John Trouer and John Gurdon £ 14 5s
Sum £ 42 18s 6 1/2d
And so they owe 49s 9d of which are on the reeves 4s and on Richard Everard, then constable 45s 9d
m. 9d. View of the account of William Wysman and John Bost, reeves of the town of Tenby from Michaelmas 1330 to Easter 1331.
Rent of Assize Nothing up to Easter
Farms Nothing up to Easter
Issues of the Manor Nothing up to Easter except prise of beer, 8s 2d
toll of port and town, 31s 3d.;
pleas and perquisites of the hundred, 3s 4d.;
Robert Harley will answer for returns of prise wine, sold for £ 7 10s.,
less all expenses and payments of the merchants;
pleas and perquisites of the courts, 15s 3d.
Fee of the reeves for the time of the view 9d;
Fee of the clerk, 15d.;
Fee of the catchpole., 15d;
Fee of the constable, 23s 4d., who takes 2d. per day.
Sum 26s 7d.
so the aforesaid reeves owe 31s 5d.
m.5. View of the Account of John Cole, William le Lange, Walter Hun and John Gurdoun, reeves of Tenby from Michaelmas 1327 to Michaelmas 1329.
Rent of Assise £ 12 12s 0d
Farms £ 17 13s 4d
Issues of the Manor
"Burgesses by the wind, " 237s.. 3d.;
prise of mead and beer, 61s 3d.;
toll of port and town, 70s 7 1/2d.;
pleas and perquisities of the hundred, 16s 8d.;
toll of sheep, 10s.;
fair tolls, 2s.;
fair perquisites, nil;
relief of the heir of John Madoc, 12d.;
pleas and perquisites of the courts, £ 9 2s 3 1/2d
Total £ 20 10s 10d.
Prise of the Wines Richard de Colyngton will answer therefor
Sum Total, £ 50 16s 10d
Fee of reeves 2s
Fee of clerk, 3s;
Fee of catchpole,