Haroldstone, Haroldston West, Hasguard, Haverfordwest, Hayscastle, Henry's Moat, Herbranston, Hodgeston, Hoyle's Mouth, Hook, Hubberston, Hundleton.
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According to The Monastic order in South Wales 1066-1348 - F. G. Cowley.
Haverfordwest Monastery was founded by Robert fitz Richard around 1200 there is no record of the size of the estate but the assessed value in 1291 was £17 6s 8d temporalities, there is no figure given for spiritualities.
The following Churches were appropriated to it:
Haverfordwest value £10 0 0d
Camros value £12 0 0d
Llanstadwell value £6 13 4d
St Ismael's value £8 0 0d
Dale value £5 6 8d
Haroldston value £2 0 0d
Acc/to South Pembrokeshire Place Names by P. Valentine Harris.
On the west side of Haroldston Hill is a meanhir which Giraldus says was one of those raised on the western coast of Wales by Harold after he had ravaged it. There is another on Skomer Island. The name, however, probably came from the Harold family, a branch of which lived at Haroldston West. St Issell is a corruption of St Ismell.
Acc/to A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1834 - S. Lewis.
Harroldston (St Issels) or east Harroldston, a parish in the hundred of Rhos, county of Pembroke 1 1/2 miles SE by S from Haverfordwest containing 304 inhabitants. This parish, which is pleasantly situated on the bank of the western Cleddeau, appears to have derived its name from Harold the founder of an ancient family of distinction that, for many generations occupied an old seat here, which by marriage with Alice, daughter and sole heiress of Sir Richard Harold, passed to the family of Perrott ancestors of Sir John Perrot Lord Deputy of Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth and first high sheriff of this county, who was a native of this place; the ancient mansion is now in a very dilapidated condition.
Fern Hill, the seat of Sir Henry Mathias Knt., is pleasantly situated on the bank of the river Cleddau and surrounded by thriving plantations.
The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's endowed with £800 royal bounty and £400 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of James Higgon, Esq. The Church is dedicated to St Ishmael. There is a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists. The hermitage of St Caradoc, it is said was in this parish; and on the common within the limits of which the Haverfordwest races are held, is a well, still called St Caradoc's Well, round which, till within the last few years, a pleasure fair or festival, was annually held for the celebration of rustic sports. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £50. 14s.
The nave and bellcote are 13c. The porch and chancel are later. The chancel is not divided from the nave. A Norman font has survived much restoration.
[Sir John Perrot - reputed son of Henry VIII and Mary Berkeley who later married Sir Thomas Perrot - probably born at Haroldston in 1527 but later resided chiefly at Carew and Laugharne.]
1577. During the reign of Elizabeth I the Privy Council sent an indignant letter to Sir John Perrot cataloging the misdeeds of John Callice "whereas their Lordships are given to understand that one John Callice, a notable pirate frequenting that county and arriving lately at Milford, was lodged and housed at Haverfordwest, and being there Known was suffered to escape, their Lordships do not a little marvel at the negligence of such as are Justices in those parts".
Acc/to Sir John Perrot - G. Douglas James.
Sir John Perrot born 1527 - natural son of Henry VIII, to whom he bore a remarkable resemblance in appearance, voice and temperament. His mother was Mary Berkeley, a lady of the Court and wife of Sir Thomas Perrot, a direct descendant of one of the Conqueror's entourage. Born at Haroldston, near Haverfordwest - noted for his abrasive manner, swearing, ungovernable temper, great strength.
1570, 1575, 1576 - Mayor of Haverfordwest.
1548-52 MP for Carmarthenshire.
1563-67 MP for Pembrokeshire.
1588 MP for Haverfordwest.
1551 High Sheriff for Pembrokeshire - later Vice Admiral for West Wales - part of his responsibilities was the suppression of piracy - but there is a strong suspicion that he shared in the proceeds.
Friend of Edward VI who made him a Knight of the Bath; relationship acknowledged by Edward VI, Mary and Elizabeth. Imprisoned by Mary for favouring Protestantism and harbouring heretics at Haroldson.
One of the four who carried the canopy at Elizabeth's coronation - she appointed him Lord President of Munster to quell the Desmond Rebellion.
Also one of the wealthiest subjects of the Crown and had a great love for Haverfordwest which he endowed with a grant of property.
1591. Falsely accused of High Treason - denounced, it is believed, by Thomas Cardarn of Prendergast - condemned to death but Elizabeth refused to sign the death warrant - she resolved to pardon him but before the pardon was signed he died in the Tower and was buried in St Peter's Church there.
- see also Eastington for early history.
For a number of years the Perrot family remained in possession of the lordly mansion of Haroldston and many of them exerted a popular and powerful influence in the locality. There lived Sir Herbert Perrot, the protector of Peregrine Phillips, and also a later Sir Herbert whose daughter, Hester, his inheritrix married Sir John Pakington, Baronet of Westwood Worcestershire.
At Haroldston during the reign of Queen Anne (1702-14) the great essayist Joseph Addison was a frequent and honored guest, and it was Sir Herbert who presented to him his beautiful model character , Sir Roger de Coverley, so exquisitely depicted in the Spectator. It was there in Haroldston at a masked ball that Addison first met the fair Countess of Warwick whom he after wooed and won though she proved a prize of somewhat doubtful value.
After the death of Lady Pakington in 1715 the family interest in Haroldston languished and finally the lordly mansion fell into decay.
MS in the British Museum.
A Calendar dated from the 14c with enclosed coloured pictures of South Pembrokeshire peasants with yellow hair and part - coloured clothes performing the appropriate seasonal tasks.
See also for more information
Rev. S. Baring-Gould Book of South Wales.
Introducing West Wales - Maxwell Frazer 1956.
Information from an article written by Charles E. Sinnett.
Ruins of what was once a stately Tudor mansion tucked away not far from the river a little way below Haverfordwest - Ivy clad and neglected it has remained unoccupied since before 1715 when its young mistress married and moved away. Before the Tudor mansion was built in the early 1500's, the site had long been the home of the proud Harolds or Haralds, a Scandinavian family who had come into these parts long before the Normans invaded these shores.
In 1301 5th March in the reign of Edward I, Sir William Harold, Knight was appointed Constable of the Castle of Haverfordwest.
1342, 20 Dec. his son another Sir William - Steward to Isabella wife of Edward III who was Lord of the castle of Haverfordwest, was ordered to arrest the ship "Le Sant Marie" at the Old Quay Haverfordwest for non-payment of dues. This William Harold had two sons, Richard and John. The younger, John , lived at Haroldston in the West, land the family had acquired before 1307. He died childless. His elder brother, Sir Richard Harold, knight, was appointed Steward to the Lord of Haverfordwest, a position held by his father and grandfather. There is a record that in 1378 the sum of £8, a sizeable amount in those days, was recovered from him in respect of his wardship of a young lady named Jane upon her marriage to one John Nash. Sir Richard Harold had no son, his daughter Alice who succeeded to the Haroldston estate married Peter Perrot, Esquire of Eastington, Rhoscrowther Pembroke, whom she met at the Castle in Haverfordwest where he was squire to her father. Sir Richard died in the year following her marriage and Peter Perrot came to reside at Haroldston, where the Perrots held sway for almost 300 years. So came to an end the family of Harold which had survived in and around Haverfordwest for almost 450 years.
(See also Llangwm).
Peregrine Phillips continued to be very active as an open-air preacher and public evangelist until soon after the restoration he fell foul of the Act of Uniformity (1662) which banned all acts of worship not conducted in accordance with the Book of Common Prayer. Ejected from the Established Church, this amiable but unrepentant non-conformist withdrew to Dredgeman Hill Farm which he held from Sir Herbert Perrot, of Haroldston, and which he converted into an Independent house church (1665). Thereafter he became the accredited pastor of the Green Meeting, a non-conformist group of 50/60 which assembled in a little room on St Thomas's Green and which was to develop into Albany Congregation (now United Reformed) Church Haverfordwest. Upon his death at 68 years of age in September 1692, this unforgettable former rector of Llangwm was buried near the pulpit at Haroldston church.
Acc to Medieval Buildings - published by Preseli District Council.
Just outside Haverfordwest, home of Henry VIII's illegitimate son Sir John Perrot. This important ruin has been well cleared in recent years but has subsequently suffered both from structural collapse and vandalism at various points of the scattered complex. Even so, this is a very worthwhile site to visit as it has a number of typical features including an adjoining tower house (known as the Steward's Tower) and the usual barrel vaulted cellar which evidently lay beneath the hall. Until its collapse in recent years, a particularly tall square chimney formed a notable feature. George Owen, the great Pembrokeshire historian mentions that Sir Thomas Perrot first introduced pheasants into the country in the pleasure grounds of Haroldston.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons
This benefice was one of the churches appropriated to the Priory of St. Thomas, Haverfordwest. An 1291, described as Ecclesia Ville Haraldi juxta Haverford this church was assessed for tenths to the king at £2, the amount payable being 4s, - Taxatio.
There is no detailed description or separate valuation given of it in the Valor Eccl., but the yearly value of it and St. Thomas, Haverfordwest, is stated to be £11.
On the state of this church in 1594 we get some interesting light from an entry in Owen's Pem., which translated into English, says "Haroldston alias St. Ishmells. The church in ruins, and there are no inhabitants save in Haroldston; lately bought by Sir John Perot, and was parcel of the Priory of Haverfordwest."
Under the heading, "Not in Charge": East Haroldston alias St. Issel's Cur. (St. Ishmael). Lord Milford. £5 certified value. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
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Near Broadhaven see also Haroldstone.
Acc/to A Topographical Dictionary of Wales - S. Lewis 1834.
Harroldston West a parish in the hundred of Rhos, county of Pembroke 5 1/2mls W from Haverfordwest containing 155 inhabitants. This place, distinguished by its adjunct from Harroldston East like it derives its name from an ancient Anglo-Norman proprietor, who, as well as his successors, was lord Paramount over several manors in this part of the principality; the residence of these lords was at this place, which, from the foundations of ancient buildings still remaining, appears to have been formerly of much greater extent than at present. The parish is finely situated on the eastern shores of St George's Channel and comprises a considerable tract of arable and pasture land, which is enclosed and in a good state of cultivation. The surrounding scenery is richly diversified, and the views from the higher grounds embrace extensive prospects over the channel and the adjacent country, which abounds with picturesque beauty. The parish rates are collected by the ploughland. The living is a perpetual curacy in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's endowed with £400 royal bounty and in the patronage of the master and fellows of Pembroke College Oxford. The church dedicated to St Madoc, is not distinguished by any architectural details of importance. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £47 18s.
St Madoc of Fern's Church restored from ruins in 1883.
Acc/to The Old Parish Churches of South West Wales -- Mike Salter 1994.
The scalloped font and blocked south doorway date the small nave and chancel to c1200. Most of the rest was renewed in the 19c. St Madoc, a 6th century solitary monk was a disciple of St David's and later became Bishop of Ferns. Site has been a place of worship since 6c.
Haroldstone wood now managed by the National Parks.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.
This benefice was originally a Perpetual Curacy, and formed part of the endowment of the College of St. Mary, near the Cathedral Church of St. Davids, which was conferred on the College is 1368 by Adarn, Bishop of St. Davids. The church is described as "Haroldston by the Sea in Ros" after the grant by the Bishop was confirmed by the Pope in 1400. - Poppas Reg. In 1594 it was in the King's hands, the college having been dissolved. - Owen's Pem. It appears in the list of the possessions of the college, and the revenue received from the church was £6 13s. 4d. - Valor Eccl.
Under the heading "Not in Charge": West Harold-ston Cur. (St. Padoc). Pembroke College, Oxford, and Lambston Cur. Lord Milford £5 certified value. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
On 6 Sept., 1880, the livings of Haroldston West and Lambston were united under an Order in Council.
Hasguard St Peter
Acc/to South Pembrokeshire Place Names by P. Valentine Harris.
c1220, Dugdale, Huscart. Perhaps from the old Scottish "huskard" - house in or near the cleft.
Acc/to the Topographical Dictionary of Wales S. Lewis 1834.
Hasguard - a parish in the hundred of Rhos county of Pembroke 4 1/2 miles from Milford, containing 106 inhabitants. This parish is pleasantly situated in the western part of the county, and naerly in the centre of the peninsula which separates Milford haven from St Brides bay. The lands are all enclosed and cultivated, and the soil is generally productive; but the surrounding scenery though pleasingly varied, is not distinguished by any peculiarity of feature. The views from the higher ground embrace some fine prospects over the adjacent county, having in the distance St Bride's bay on the north and Milford haven on the south. The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's, rated in the King's books at £18 6s 6d and in the patronage of the King, as Prince of Wales. The church dedicated to St Peter, is not remarkable for any architectural details of importance. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £100 12s.
RCAM., Pembroke 1920 No 281.
This small church consists of a nave, chancel, south porch and bellcote above the western gable. The church has been carefully restored and the chancel entirely rebuilt. The chancel arch is round and narrow being only 7foot 2inches. On either side project corbels for a rood-loft. During the 1906 restoration a recess was discovered in the west side of the chancel arch. Though small for a doorway to the rood-loft, it being only 46in high and 33in wide, such appears to have been its purpose, its diminutive size being due to the low chancel arch. The head is trefoiled and the sides and curves are ornamented with circular objects which appear to be intended for ball flowers.
Acc/to The Old Parish Churches of South West Wales -- Mike Salter 1994.
The chancel is all Victorian but the nave has a 13c north doorway, a slightly later south porch and bellcote, and contains a 14c font.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.
This rectory formed part of the possessions of the Priory of Pill.
In 1291 this church, described as Ecclesia de Huscard, was assessed for tenths to the King at £9 6s. 8d., the amount payable being 18s 8d. - Taxatio.
Huscarde: - Ecclesia ibidem ex collaciorle prioris de Pulla unde Christopherus Taylor clericus est rector et habet ibidem unam mansionem. Et valet fructus hujus -modi beneficii per almum xxli. Inde soll in pensione pro sinodalibus et procuracionibus quolibet anno v ixd. Et in visitacione ordirlaria quolibet tercio armo xiiid. Et remanet clare £18 6s. 6d. Inde decima 36s. 8d. - Valor Eccl.
Under the heading "Livings Discharged":- Hascard R. (St. Peter). Pens. Pri. de Pulla, £1 6s. 8d. Archidiac. quolibet anno 5s. gd. Ordinario quolibet tertio suno 1s. Prior de Pulla olim patr. The Prince of Wales. Clear yearly value, £36, £80 King's Books, £l8 6s. 6d. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
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Acc/to South Pembrokeshire Place Names -- P. Valentine Harris
Haverfordwest. c.1188, Gir. Camb. Haverfordia. c.1200,
Haverforde. Probably from the name of a Norse settler, the "ford" meaning "fjord." It has been suggested, however, that it came from haefer, (he goat), but although fords are often named after animals, it would seem unlikely that the ford would be used by one sex only. The borough was in some way affiliated with Hereford and to distinguish it the "west" was added.
The Town and County of Haverfordwest.
Haverfordwest stands where it is because of its situation on the ford that crosses the Western Cleddau, hence its name, which is derived from the Old English word haefer, meaning a buck or a he-goat. It was, therefore, the ford used by bucks, as oxen used the ford at Oxford. At the beginning of the fifteenth century it was known as West Haverford, and as Haverford West, so as not to confuse it with Hereford or Hertford. Shakespeare was not clear on this point, for when Lord Stanley asked in Richard III (First Folio). "Where is the princely Richard now?" he was told that he is "At Pembroke, or at Hertford West in Wales".
The Welsh name Hwlffordd is a corruption of the English Haverford.
Haverford first appears in history as a Flemish settlement founded by Tancard, or Tancred, the Fleming, who is believed to have built the castle in about 1110. The Flemings were driven from their homeland in Flanders by over-population and the incursions of the sea, and were given land in mid-Pembrokeshire, where they arrived at various times from 1105 onward, having been sent there by the King "to colonise the district", according to Giraldus Cambrensis who described them as "a brave and robust people, but very hostile to the Welsh and in a perpetual state of conflict with them".
Wizo "chieftain of the Flemings", settled at Wiston, and Letard, Little King, "the enemy of God and St. David", at Letterston. Tancard was succeeded at his death, in about 1130, by his only surviving son, Richard, who is described as lord and governor of Haverford, and he was in occupation of the castle when Giraldus called there on 22 March 1188. He would also have been in possession in 1171, when Henry II came on his way to Ireland and confirmed the liberties granted by his father, Henry I, to "the town and inhabiters of Haverford".
Richard FitzTancard was followed by his son, Robert FitzRichard, otherwise and more generally known as Robert de Hwlffordd. He was confirmed in his rights by King John, who appointed him also custodian of Cardigan, but he fell out of royal favour and was deprived of his inheritance when the king returned from Ireland in 1210. In 1213, Haverford was granted to William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, and the lordship became submerged in that earldom.
William Marshal granted the town a charter which decreed that any man "who dwells there a year and a day" shall be a burgess thereof. This was confirmed by his son, William Marshal the Younger, Earl of Pembroke, in a charter dated 1219, which laid down that "no merchant be in our land who is not resident in our borough, and that ships coming with merchandise in to Milford go not elsewhere in our land to sell their goods unless at Pembroke or Haverford". He also granted the burgesses "a merchant guild for the convenience of them and their town", and ordered that they should be free from tolls payable for erecting stalls at fairs and markets.
William and his four brothers were successively Lords of Haverford and they all died without male issue. Upon the death of the last, Anselm, in 1244, the vast Marshal estates were divided between his five sisters, and Haverford fell to Eva, wife of Wiliiam de Braose. It was then shared between Roger de Mortimer and Humphrey de Bohun, who took opposing sides in the Barons' War, with Humphrey, who sided, against the Crown, holding Haverfordwest. The town and castle were besieged and captured by William de Valence, brother of Henry III and Earl of Pembroke, in 1265. Humphrey had, in the previous year, taken measures to fortify the town with walls, stretches of which still remain in Castleton, as the area around the castle was known. There were five gates: St. Martin's Gate, North Gate, East Gate, South Gate at the upper end of Market Street, and West Gate, in Dew Street.
In 1289 Humprhey de Bohun III exchanged the castle with the queen, Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I, and she spent large sums of money on restoring the towers and the curtain walls. From now onward, the castle and the lordship remained mostly in royal hands. Edward I gave it to his son, the first English Prince of Wales. Edward III gave it to his mother, Isabelia of France, and in 1343, it passed to her grandson, Edward the Black Prince.
After the victory at Bosworth Field, Henry VII conferred Haverfordwest on his uncle, Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford and Earl of Pembroke and, when he died in 1495, the lordship returned to the royal line in the person of Henry, Duke of York, later Henry VIII. He gave it to Anne Boleyn when he made her Marquess (the title then used, and not Marchioness) of Pembroke in 1532.
In 1536 the lordship was abolished, under the Act of Union which stated that "the lordship of Haverford shall be united , annexed and joined to and with the County of Pembroke".
The town grew in the shadow of the castle, "a verie proper pyle buylt uppon a rocke" of Silurian sandstone that commands the ford and the surrounding countryside. On such a site one would have expected to find an Iron Age promontory fort, and as the tide reaches as far as here, there may have been visitations by the marauding Norse, but there is no evidence of any pre-Norman settlement. The castle was able to withstand all assaults by the Welsh. It escaped the devastation of west Wales by Llywelyn the Great in 1215, but that prince returned in 1220 and burned the town "up to the gate of the castle". It survived again, in 1405, the assault of the French expedition that had landed in Milford Haven to aid Owain Glyn Dwr, when they destroyed the town by fire.
It is recorded that the Great Sessions were held in the castle in 1575, but a survey carried out two years later indicates that it was in a ruinous condition.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, in 1642, Haverfordwest was held for the Parliament but, in the following year, it was occupied by the Earl of Carbery for the King, only to be recaptured by the Parliamentary forces six months later. The Royalists returned in 1645 but, soon after, they were routed at Colby Moor, outside the town. In 1648 Cromwell ordered the castle, though "not tenable for the service of the State, and yet that it may be used by ill affected persons to the prejudice of the peace of these parts", to be demolished, and urged the Mayor and Aldermen to act with speed otherwise he would settle a garrison there at the expense of the town. The mayor, John Prynne, asked him for powder to do so, which the Lord Protector presumably supplied. As the castle was already ruinous, the mayor's task was not onerous.
The gatehouse stood at the present entrance and led into the outer ward, against the north wall of which were the stables. The inner ward, starting at the round tower on the north curtain wall and moving clockwise, had a rectangular tower, offices and garderobes, pantry, the Great Chamber, chapel, solar and the Great Hall, beneath which was the "coyning house, out of which goeth a great stayr into the walk called the Queen's Arbour". The well in the inner ward goes down over a hundred feet to the water level. The building in the outer ward was built as a prison and later became headquarters of the Pembrokeshire Constabulary. In 1963 it was adapted to accommodate the County Museum and the County Record Office.
Haverfordwest, standing on the tidal limit of the Western Cleddau, became one of the leading ports in South Wales in Tudor times, exporting wool, hides, corn, malt and coal. The Wool Market, on the quay, is a reminder that Haverfordwest was declared a staple town in 1326. The main imports included salt, iron, wines from France and Spain, and apples from the Forest of Dean.
The Bristol Trader public house takes its name from a type of vessel that traded between Bristol and the Pembrokeshire ports. The coming af the railway in 1853 caused sea trading to gointo a sharp decline, although vessels brought their cargoes up river up to the last war.
Haverfordwest was, at one time noted as a resort of pirates, among them the infamous John Callice who sought refuge in the town in 1577 but was "suffered to escape" for which the Privy Council sent a stern letter to Sir John Perrot, Vice-Admiral of South Wales, who, in turn upbraided the mayor, who protested that he was unaware that Mr. Callice was in town.
Sir John was born at Haroldston House, the sad ruin which is visible on the south side of Freemen's Way. He is said to have been a natural son of King Henry VIII by Mary Berkeley, "a royal lady-in-waiting who was of the king's familiarity". He was the town's greatest benefactor. Among other appointments, he was President of Munster and Lord President of Ireland. In 1592 he was found guilty of treason, but he died in the Tower of London before sentence of death could be carried out.
Another benefactor was Thomas Lloyd of Cilciffeth who endowed Haverfordwest Grammar School in 1613. The school was in existence in 1488 when the Episcopal Register recorded the appointment of a master "to inform unlearned youths in grammar and the other liberal sciences". It also benefited from the will of, John Milward, who also endowed the King's Grammar School Birmingham. A school for poor children, founded under the terms of the will of Mary Tasker, became the High School for Girls. The two schools have been merged as the Tasker-Milward School.
Robert de Hwlffordd was given the right to hold a fair and a market, in the town in 1207. The market was held on Sundays in Queen's Square, but later on Saturdays and, in 1610, a Tuesday market was added. By then, Haverfordwest had "the greatest and plentifullest market of the shire", held in St. Mary's Churchyard and Pillory Street, as the lower part of Dew Street was then known. In 1563 the tolls on the fish market, in that street, amounted to £4, and those of the beef shambles to £7.13.7, but £2.16.8 had to be spent on repairs. The market day was changed to Thursday in 1695. Haverfordwest, today, is a prosperous shopping centre.
The fair of St. Thomas the Martyr was held on the feast day of that saint, 7th July, in St. Thomas churchyard and on St. Thomas Green. Two more fairs were established by charter in 1610: the May Fair and St. Bartholomew's, that was held on 24 August.
Portfield Fair was a hiring fair held on 8 October on Portfield Common, and it is said to have "absorbed the ancient Vanity Fair held there around St Caradoc's Well". When the common was enclosed in 1838 the fair was transferred to St. Thomas Green, where it is still held each year, as is the May Fair.
The name Portfield first appears in the thirteenth century as "Portefelde", meaning an open field belonging to the town. It has an association with the de le Poer family, one of whom was enobled, in 1786, as Baron Tyrone of Haverfordwest and was later created Marquess of Waterford in the peerage of Ireland, but the Marquess sits in the House of Lords as Lord Tyrone of Haverfordwest.
A racecourse was laid out on Portfield Common in 1727 at the expense of the Corporation, and provision was made for the road across it to be closed when races were held. In 1838 the Portfield Inclosure Act allotted to the Mayor and Corporation land "for a place of recreation and exercise for the neighbouring population". Some 250 acres of the remaining land was allotted to the Trustees of "the Freemen of the Borough of the Town and County of Haverfordwest".
In about 1200 Robert de Hwlffordd granted a site to the Augustinian Canons to found a priory on the low-lying land beside the Western Cleddau.
William Barlow, who was appointed Prior by Anne Boleyn, Marquess of Pembroke, was a radical reformer who preached against the Pope and the bishops and clergy of St. David's, and against the friars and their idolatry. Barlow became bishop and tried, unsuccessfully, to remove the see to Carmarthen, but managed to take the bishop's palace to Abergwili. Haverfordwest is indebted to him, however, as it was he who wrote to Thomas Cromwell in 1536 urging that "the shire town be Haverford West, in the midst of the shire (whither men may at all seasons repair) and not as hitherto Pembroke, which is not only remote, but also inconvenient."
The Dominican (Black) Friars obtained donations from Henry III, in 1246, to establish a friary at Haverfordwest on a site that has not been identified. In 1256 they moved to a more convenient site, on the banks of the Western Cleddau, behind Bridge Street.
In the town and its environs there are several churches and chapels.
St. Martin's Church, recognizable by its octagonal stone steeple, is the oldest, sited near the castle and within the walls of the castle borough of Castleton. Its dedication to St. Martin of Tours also indicates a foundation early in the twelfth century. The Lady Chapel was added in the fourteenth, as well as a priest's chamber over the porch. Below the squint is a medieval piscina with a Tudor rose carved on the underside. A recent window displaysthe arms of the town and those of the Perrot's Trustees and the Gild of Freemen of Haverfordwest.
St. Mary's is a thirteenth century church, of cathedral propor tions with a Late Perpendicular clerestory and a fine Tudor oak roof. The arcade pillar capitals have grotesques and animals, including a pig playing a fiddle and a monkey a harp. The scalloped script on a mutilated fifteenth century effigy commemorates a pilgrim to the shrine of St. James at Compostelia. There are memorials and hatchments of the Philipps family of Picton. A brass names the mayor of 1642, and a two-seater pew for the mayor and sheriff has an elaborately carved fourteenth century bench-end. The church became a prison briefly in 1797 to house the French soldiery that had surrendered after an abortive landing near Fishguard.
The church of St. Thomas a Becket, off St. Thomas Green, has a conspicuous thirteenth century tower. It, too, has a pilgrim, Richard the Palmer, who had traveled to the Holy Land and given a palm branch to prove his pilgrimage.
The church at Prendergast is dedicated to the patron saint, St. David. Howel Davies, the Methodist leader who was known as "the Apostle of Pembrokeshire" lies buried there.
The Church of St David and St. Patrick, in Dew Street, was built in 1872 to serve the needs of an increasing Catholic population. From this parish are served a community in Johnston, St. Winifrede's and the Church of the Immaculate Conception at Narberth.
The early Nonconformists first met, in 1638, at the Green Meeting House, which later became Albany Congregational Church, in Hill Street, and is now of the United Reform/Methodist persuation.
Bethesda Baptist Chapel, in Barn Street, was built in 1789, and enlarged in 1816. It was then rebuilt, in "Welsh Romanesque" style, in 1878, by George Morgan of Carmarthen at a cost of £2,199. It is one of the finest chapel buildings in Wales and has a seating capacity in excess of 900.
Calvary Pentecostal Church was established in 1973 and is in membership with "Assemblies of God".
Ebenezer Presbyterian Church in Perrot's Road was built in 1817 and enlarged in 1844 and 1886, and it has been restored in recent years.
Hill Park Baptist Church, at the bottom of Prendergast Hill, was built in 1857 and renovated in 1891.
Tabernacle Congregational Church, at the bottom of City Road, was established in 1774 by those who considered the ministry at isAlbany Church insufficiently evangelical. It was rebuilt in 1874 in Roman basilica style. It has a Welsh service at 2.30 p.m. on the second Sunday of the month.
The former Wesleyan Chapel, opposite, is now a store. It was erected on the site of the Wesley Room at the opening of which John Wesley preached on one of his fourteen visits to the town, the last of which, in 1790, is commemorated by a plaque outside the Library, in Dew Street.
The Quakers had a Meeting House at the bottom of High Street, but they moved to the New Quay, beyond the Bristol Trader when the Shire Hall was built on the site in 1835.
The Moravians had a chapel on St. Thomas Green until it was demolished in 1961 to provide a site for the Moravian Court. One of the three Marian martyrs in Wales was William Nichol"a simple, poor man" of Haverfordwest. He was burned at the stake on 9 April, 1558, in High Street on a spot marked by a Balmoral red granite column.
Prendergast, on the north-east side of the town, was a village named, it is believed, after a Flemish settler from Brontegeeist, near Ghent. Maurice de Prendergast was one of the Pembroke shire knights who crossed, under Richard Strongbow, to occupy Ireland in 1169. Prendergast was later the residence of the Stepney family, after whom the "Stepney wheel" was named, and of which was George Stepney, diplomat and writer, who was buried with great pomp in Westminster Abbey.
At Merlin's Bridge, on the south side of the town, was a chapel dedicated to St. Magdalene and a leper hospital. The name of the bridge was corrupted to Maudlyn's Bridge and later it became Marlan's Bridge before assuming its present form.
In 1479 the town was incorporated by a charter of Edward, the nine-year old Prince of Wales and Lord of Haverford, "on the mandate of the Lord, his father Edward IV and with the consent of his mother, the Queen." The charter decreed that the town should have a mayor, sheriff, two bailiffs, and burgesses, and conferred upon it the status of a county, designated as the county and town of Haverford". This status was reaffirmed by the Act of Union in 1543, and renewed by James I in 1610. The affairs of the town were governed by a common council the members of which would be "twenty-four of the honestest men of the town" . The mayor, who was appointed annually, was also a magistrate, coroner, escheator, clerk of the market and admiral of the port, and the sheriffs, bailiffs and sergeants at mace had to attend upon him whenever necessary "in their gowns and civil apparel and not in cloaks or any apparel of light colour not befitting their place", on pain of a penalty of 10s. Haverfordwest had a sheriff because it was a county, a privilege it shared only with the town and county of Carmarthen in Wales. As such, it had its own Member of Parliament and a Custos Fiotulorum, or Keeper of the Rolls, and, from 1761, it had its own Lord Lieutenant.
LANDMARKS IN THE TOWN:
The Old Bridge was the gift, in 1726, of Sir John Philipps of Picton Castle. Here was the "ford" of Haverford, which Henry Tudor crossed with his army, after landing at Dale in August 1485, on his way to Bosworth Field where he defeated Richard III and became King Henry VII, the founder of the Tudor dynasty.
The New Bridge was built in 1837 and, with the houses built in Victoria Place in 1839, it formed an impressive entry into the town. A print of 1878 shows toll-gates across the road. Augustus John, though born in Tenby, was brought up in Victoria Place, and his sister, Gwen, was born there.
The Masonic Hall in Picton Place, with its Corinthian portico and pediment, was built in 1872.
The Shire Hall, at the bottom of High Street, is a well balanced building with ionic columns. It was built in 1835 on the site of a Quaker Meeting House, that then moved to the New Quay. A row of houses, known as Short Row, stood in the middle of the street "before the Shire Hall until it was removed in the 1830s.
"The Crypt", at the comer of High Street and Market Street and opposite St. Mary's Church, was the undercroft of a dwelling of the thirteenth century.
Mariners' Square is named after the "Mariners' Inn", now the Hotel Mariners, the town's leading Hotel which dates from 1625. A 1797 print shows the building, much as it is, with a fox on the roof having escaped from the hounds below.
The Gorsedd Circle in the Bridge Meadow was erected for the Proclamation of the Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales that was held in Haverfordwest in 1972.
The Pembrokeshire College was built in 1990 on a site overlooking Merlin's Bridge.Pembrokeshire College is one of the most modern in Europe and a great asset to the county in terms of education, inward investment and economic development. As a resource for post-16 education the college offers a wide range of vocational and A Level courses including Business Studies, Leisure, Sports, Health, Engineering, Construction, Computing, Agriculture, Hairdressing/Beauty Therapy, Art and Design and Hotel Management.
The Dragon Hotel, in Hill Street, is believed to have been the birthplace of General Sir Thomas Picton, who was killed while commanding a division at the battle of Waterloo.
Scotchwell, on the eastem outskirts of the town, was the birthplace of John Lort Stokes who served on HMS Beagle.
In the center of town, Dyfed, southwest Wales.
Sian Rees 1992:
The castle stands on a superb, naturally defensive position at the end of a strong, isolated ridge with a sheer cliff on the east. It was an English foundation, first established by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Pembroke in the mid-12th century, and remained an English stronghold throughout its history. It is first mentioned by Giraldus Cambrensis as one of the places he visited in 1188 with Archbishop Baldwin. Of that castle, which must have been of earth and timber, little now survives, except, perhaps for the footings of a large square keep in the north-east corner of the inner ward.
The present form of the castle, divided into two wards, probably reflects that of the original 12th-century castle. The plan is a little difficult to make out as the museum lies in the center of the outer ward, while the former prison governor's house lies on the site of the inner ward gatehouse. The medieval castle was converted to a prison in the 18th century, but the buildings of the inner ward and outer defences can still be appreciated.
Haverfordwest was probably a strong stone castle by 1220, when it withstood an attack by Llywelyn the Great who had already burned the town. It was acquired by Queen Eleanor (wife of Edward I) in 1289, who immediately began building there on a large scale, to judge from the considerable sums of money recorded as being spent on "the Queen's castle at Haverford." Much of the existing masonry is late 13th-century in style and may well have been undertaken during the one year before her death in 1290.
The lofty inner ward has round towers on the north-west and south-west corners, while the south-east corner has a square tower with an additional projecting turret. The entrance lay on the west, protected by a gatehouse of which no trace survives. The remains of a spacious hall lie on the south, with large windows built high enough in the exterior wall to be safe from attack by besiegers equipped with scaling ladders. The south-west and south-east towers have three storeys, the latter with a basement equipped with a postern gate to allow access to a small terrace which could be used to counter-attack during a siege. The wall-walk, carried on a row of corbels on the east of the tower, is a well-preserved feature on the inside, and from the outside of the castle the tower's remaining lights and arrow-slits can be seen.
The outer ward has lost much of its medieval defences, but the curtain wall survives, albeit in a very rebuilt form, along with most of the north side, with one small semicircular turret and a square tower further east. An outer gatehouse presumably lay near the present entrance on the west. This was the only side with no natural formidable defence.
In the 14th century the castle was held by a series of owners, including Edward, the Black Prince, from 1359-67. In the hands of the crown from 1381-85, the castle was repaired. It was strong enough to repulse an attack in 1405 during Owain Glyndwr's war of Welsh independence. By the 16th century, however, the castle was derelict, but was hastily re-fortified during the Civil War. A story relates how in 1644 the nervous Royalists abandoned the castle, mistaking a herd of cows on a nearby hill for a Parliamentary army, thus allowing it to fall to Parliament without any resistance! It was later recaptured and held for the King for a year, but finally surrendered after the battle of Colby Moor, just to the west.
Medieval Haverfordwest was defended by town walls around the high ground near the castle, which were later extended as the town rapidly became an important market and trading place. Nothing remains of these town walls, although three medieval churches of Haverfordwest do survive.
Haverfordwest (955155 ). This is the old county town, located at the lowest bridging-point on the Western Cleddau and just below the tidal limit of the river. The castle on the hill was one of the two major fortresses of the Norman colony, built originally before 1120. The Normans built a walled garrison town with four gates, splendid churches (dedicated to St Thomas, St Mary and St Martin) and busy trading quays. Most traces of the town walls have disappeared, but the town is full of features of interest. St Mary's Church is one of the finest churches in Wales. The Castle, destroyed by Oliver Cromwell and later housing the County Gaol, is now the interesting Castle Museum. There are two bridges over the river; the basin between them was once used for the unloading of cargoes of culm and limestone, but is now a large sterile car park. Along the river the old quays and warehouses (and the "Bristol Trader" inn) remind us of the town' s great trading traditions; in Tudor and Stuart times this was one of the most important ports in Wales, but the coming of the railway in 1853 killed off the trade in general goods. Two of the town's most interesting ruins are down-stream of the town - the Augustinian Priory and Haroldston House. The town itself is full of interesting buildings - the Shire Hall, the Masonic Hall, Foley House (designed by John Nash ), and the nonconformist chapels are well worth looking at. Of modern buildings, the new Riverside Market Hall is probably the best - a commercial white elephant maybe, but attractively designed and located. The main shopping streets nowadays are High Street and Bridge Street; Quay Street, along the river, was once the slum quarter but is now greatly uplifted.
Acc/to Topographical Dictionary of Wales - S. Lewis 1834.
Haverfordwest a sea-port, borough and market town and a county of itself, locally in the hundred of Rhos, county of Pembroke 10 1/2 mls N from Pembroke and 250 miles W by N from London through Gloucester and Monmouth containing 4328 inhabitants. This town, called by the Welsh Hwlfordd of which its present name is supposed to be a corruption, with the addition of another distinguishing syllable, was originally built by the Flemings, who driven from their native country by an inundation of the sea, which laid waste a greater part of Flanders, obtained from Henry I an asylum in England, and were subsequently settled by that monarch in this part of Wales, in order to serve in some degree as a check upon the movements of the native inhabitants, who were constantly endeavouring to recover the territories of which they had been dispossessed by the English. The Flemings, who were equally expert in husbandry and in war, maintained possession of the district which had been assigned to them, notwithstanding all the efforts of the Welsh to regain their ancient possessions; and their descendants who are easily distinguished from those of the aboriginal inhabitants by their language and manners, still constitute a distinct class among the inhabitants of the principality. The district in which these strangers thus settled, and of which Haverfordwest became the metropolis, obtained, from the similarity which subsisted, between the Flemings and the English, both in manners and in language, the appellation of "Little England beyond Wales". the town was fortified with a strong castle erected on a commanding eminence above the Western Cleddeau river, and surrounded by an embattled wall having four principal gates, three of which remained in nearly perfect state till within a very recent period, but have subsequently been removed. The erection of the castle is by most writers attributed to Gilbert de Clare, the first earl of Pembroke, who appointed Richard Fitz Tancred his castellan, upon whom he also confirmed the lordship of Haverfordwest, in which he was succeeded by his son Robert, called also Robert de Hwlfordd, who founded on the bank of the river, a short distance from the town, a priory of Black Canons, in which he afterwards passed the remainder of his days. The lordship, upon this devolved to the Crown and was granted by King John to Walter Marshall, or le Mareschal, from whose descendants it again reverted to the crown in the reign of Henry VII., and since that time has continued to form part of the royal demesnes. In 1220 Llewelyn ab Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales, taking advantage of the absence of the Earl of Pembroke, who had been appointed by Henry III to the command of his forces in Ireland, laid waste the territories of that nobleman in Wales, and extended his ravages to this place, but was unable to make any impression on the castle. Richard II honored the town with his presence, and conferred upon it many valuable privileges; during his stay he confirmed the grant made by Robert Niger of a burgage in Haverfordwest, to the Friars Preachers, which was the last publick act of his reign. In that of Henry IV, the command of this fortress was entrusted to the Earl of Arundel, who valiantly defended it against the assaults of the French auxiliaries whom Charles VII of France had sent over to the aid of Owain Glyndwr. These forces, immediately after landing at Milford, advanced to this place and laid siege to the castle, but they experienced so formidable a resistance from that garrison, and sustained so considerable a loss in their numbers, that after setting fire to the town and suburbs, they were compelled to abandon their attempt to reduce it. During the Civil war in the 17c., the castle was garrisoned for the King by Sir John Stepney, but was never regularly besieged; the garrison, apprized of the rapid successes of the parliamentarians in the surrounding country, hastily withdrew, leaving behind them their ordinance and all their military stores and ammunition.
The town which may be regarded as the modern capital of Pembrokeshire, is finely situated at one on the inland extremities of Milford Haven, upon the declivities, and at the base of very steep hills, round which the Western Cleddeau flows; it consists of numerous streets, some of which are regularity built, and contain the town residences of many of the neighbouring gentry; others are steep and narrow, and , from the inequalities of the ground, which prevail throughout the town, travelling is attended with much inconvenience. The streets are indifferently paved, and the town is partially supplied with water from the "Fountain Head" on the road to Milford, which is brought by pipes into a public conduct; and also to private houses, on the payment of a small annual rate to the lessee of the corporation, by whom this plan for supplying the town was carried into effect about a century ago. Considerable alterations are at present contemplated under the provisions of an act of parliament , about to be obtained, for removal of nuisances and widening the streets and bridges. The plan embraces the removal of certain obstructions in the line of a new street, to be formed in continuation of the High Street to Cartlet bridge, on the other side of the river, a distance of a quarter of a mile; the erection of a new bridge across the Cleddeau, and the improvement of the other approaches; lighting the town with gas, the supply of the upper part of it with water, and the construction of a common sewer. The alterations, which are to be carried into effect under the supervision of Messrs W & J Owen, architects of this place, will materially contribute to the improvement of the town, and render it in every respect worthy of the distinguished rank which it holds among the chief towns in the principality.
The views from the higher grounds are extensive; and along the summit of the castle hill is a public walk overlooking the river and the ruins of the ancient priory and commanding an extensive prospect of the surrounding country. Theatrical performances occasionally take place by itinerant companies, but no particular building is appropriated to that use; and meetings are held at the assembly rooms, which, though possessing no exterior attractions, are considered as the best ball rooms in South Wales. The Pembrokeshire races take place annually in the Autumn, and are held on "Poor Field" commonly called Portfield, an unenclosed and spacious common adjoining the town. They were originally established about 60 years ago, but afterwards partially abandoned; in 1829 they were re-established, and are liberally supported, and in general well attended; the members for the county and the borough each give a plate of £50; and a £50 plate is also given by the tradesmen of the town, exclusively of sweepstakes, contingent on the amount of subscriptions. The Pembrokeshire Hunt, established in the year 1813, and which is supported by the principal gentry of the county, has its meetings at the town, where a pack of fox-hounds is kept. The hounds go out twice every week during the season; but in the second week in November, called the "Hunt Week" the members assemble in the town, and the hounds are out three days namely Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, on the evenings of which days a ball is held at the assembly-rooms.
The port is dependent on that of Milford, to which it is a creek, having a custom-house subordinate to the establishment there; but from its central situation it attracts considerable trade, chiefly coastwise; The exports are principally oats and butter, with a small quantity of leather and bark; the imports are chiefly groceries, manufactured goods, and other miscellaneous articles for the supply of shops. Coal is brought by water from Newport in Monmouthshire, and from Liverpool, but the poorer inhabitants principally use culm, which is brought from a distance of about three miles; the hard or stone coal, for malting procured about 5 or 6 miles off, is here shipped to the southern coast of England and even to London. A great quantity of native cattle is sent from the neighbouring district for sale to the English market. The river is navigable to the bridge for barges, to a lower part of the town for larger vessels, and to a place immediately below the town for ships of two hundred and fifty tons burden. According to official returns, one hundred and thirty vessels (including different arrivals of the same) entered inwards, and fifty- nine (reckoned as above) cleared outwards, at this port, in the year ending January 1831; and in the course of the same year 538 quarters of wheat, 638 quarters of barley and 7731 quarters of oats were shipped coastwise. The trade of the town consists chiefly in the supply of the inhabitants and the neighbourhood with various articles of home consumption, and its commercial intercourse is greatly facilitated by its situation on the mail-coach road from London to Ireland by way of Milford. The markets are held on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, the last of which is for corn; and during the 3 winter months and additional market is held, every Thursday for the sale of cattle. Fairs, at which the tolls are taken, for the sale of horses, cattle, sheep and pigs, are held annually on May 12th, June 12th, July 18th, September 23, and October 18th; and another, which is toll-free, has been recently established. A very commodious market-house has lately been erected; it is a spacious quadrilateral building, containing covered shambles for eighty butchers, with ample accommodation for the sale of poultry, butter, vegetables, and hardware; there are also convenient market places for the sale of corn and fish.
This town, which had received divers privileges from Richard II., was by charter of Edward IV., constituted a county of itself, and invested with additional immunities, which were afterwards confirmed by the 27th of Henry VIII, which conferred corporate rights and the privilege of returning a member of Parliament.. A subsequent charter of incorporation was granted by James I., confirming the previous grant, and enacting amongst other important things, that the sites of the priory and the house of the Friars Preachers, the hill called Priory Hill, the prior's marshes, and the friars gardens, situated within the limits of the town, should for the future be esteemed part of the said town and county of the town of Haverfordwest. Under this last charter the corporation consists of a mayor, sheriff, two bailiffs, and twenty-four common-councilmen, of whom fifteen are styled aldermen, assisted by a town clerk, chamber-reeve, two serjeants at mace, and other officers. By an ancient grant of the crown, made while Pembrokeshire was a county palatine, this town enjoys the privilege of having a lord -lieutenant of the town and county of the town, which is possessed by no other town in Great Britain. The mayor, who is also admiral of the port, coroner, escheater, and clerk of the market, is annually elected from the common-councilmen at the first hundred-days court held after the festival of St Michael; the sheriff is chosen from the same body, or from among the burgesses at large; and the bailiffs are elected from among the latter only. The borough first received the elective franchise in the 27th of Henry VIII., when its superior importance caused it to be endowed with this privilege in lieu of its being conferred on the Merionethshire boroughs, and since that time it has continued to return one member to parliament. The right of election was formerly invested in freeholders of fourty shillings a year, inhabitants paying scot and lot, and the burgesses; but the late act for amending the representation of the people has vested it in freeholders in fee or fee tail of fourty shillings per annum, in the present freeholders for live or lives of fourty shillings, in after freeholders for live or lives of ten pounds, in resident burgesses and those living within seven miles, in male householders occupying premises of the annual value of ten pounds and in scot and lot inhabitants for theri lives, provided they be capable of registering as the act demands. The towns of Fishguard and Narberth, and the villages of Prendergast and Uzmaston, are now entitled to share in the representation. The present number of houses of the annual value of ten pounds within the limits of the borough, which have been enlarged by the late Boundary Act is 396; and the number of resident burgesses is 142, and of those within 7 miles 56; the sheriff of Haverfordwest is the returning officer. The freedom of the borough is obtained by birth, being inherited by all the sons of a freeman; by servitude of seven years to a resident freeman; and by the election of the burgesses at large, on the presentation of the mayor and common council. The mayor for the time being, and his immediate predecessor for one year only after the expiration of his mayoralty, are justices of the peace within the limits of the town and county of the town, within which the magistrates of Pembroke have no concurrent jurisdiction; the other magistrates of the town are appointed in the same manner as in the counties at large. The corporation hold courts of assize and quarter session, at which the mayor presides, for the trial of all offenders not accused of capital crimes; a court of record each month, for the recovery of debts to any amount ; and a mayor's or, asit is generally called a hundred-days court, for the swearing in burgesses, and transacting other business relating to the corporation. The assizes for the county of Pembroke are also held at Haverfordwest, which by the late Act has been made one of the polling places in the county elections. The guildhall, situated at the extremity of High St ( and obstructing a fine view of the venerable church of St Mary, of which the tower, when surmounted by its delicate spire, must have formed a fine object terminating the view,) is a plain structure, comprising only in the upper story, the court in which the assizes and sessions are held; there is no room for the accommodation of the grand jury, who consequently sit at one of the principal inns; the lower part was formerly appropriated to the use of the market, previous to the erection of the new market place. The borough goal and house of correction, a modern building situated on St Thomas' Green, in the upper part of the town, is now , by a recent Act of Parliament, devoted to a lunatic asylum, as well for Pembrokeshire as for Haverfordwest; and by the same act the common goal and house of correction for Pembrokeshire, to the purpose of which the remains of the ancient castle have been assigned, are appropriated for the reception of prisoners both for Pembrokeshire and Haverfordwest; the buildings are well calculated for the classification of prisoners and comprise eight wards; two work rooms, one for males and one for females; eight day rooms and eight airing yards, in one of which is a tread-mill.
The town and county of the town comprise the whole of the parish of St Mary, and part of the parishes of St Thomas and St Martin, together with a very small part of the parish of Prendergast, and a large extra-parochial area called "Poor-field"; the parishes of St Thomas and St Martin also comprise divisions respectively called the hamlets of St Thomas and St Martin, which are in the hundred of Rhos; the hamlet of St Thomas seperately maintains its own poor, independently of that part of the parish which is within the borough. The living of St Mary's is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's endowed with £20 per annum chargeable on the tithes of the parish of Tremaen in the county of Cardigan, under the will of Mr. Laugharne, dated 1714, for reading daily prayers; with £200 private benefaction, £200 royal bounty, and £200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Corporation, who are impropriators of the tithes, and pay the incumbant a stipend of #100 per annum. The church ,situated at the upper end of High St., is a spacious and venerable structure, in the early style of English architecture, with a low tower, which was anciently surmounted by a spire of elegant proportions. The interior consists of a nave, chancel, and north aisle; the nave is lofty, and ceiled with panelled oak, richly ornamented with carving; it is lighted on each side by a range of clerestory windows of various character, and is supported by clustered columns and from the north aisle by a series of similar arches of lower elevation, resting on clustered columns having capitals richly ornamented with sculpture. The east windows of the chancel are lofty and highly enriched with tracery; and the windows of the north aisle, which are similarly embellished are of good proportion and elegant design. there are several good monuments, and in the chancel are some of splendid character, to the memory of various members of the family inheriting the neighbouring seat of Picton Castle. The living of St Thomas' is a rectory not in charge, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's, and in the patronage of the King as Prince of Wales the church is situated on the summit of a hill, and in the centre of an extensive cemetery, overlooking the ruins of the priory; according to some records preserved at St David's, it appears to have been built in the year 1225; but these most probably refer to the ancient church of the priory, which was also dedicated to St Thomas, for there is nothing in the style of architecture which corroborates that testimony; it is a plain building with a square tower crowned with a projecting battlement. The living of St Martin is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's endowed with £1200 royal bounty, and £1200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of Hugh Webb Bowen Esq. The church, supposed to be the most ancient in the town, is a venerable structure, displaying portions in the early style of English architecture, with a low tower surmounted by an elegant spire; it consists of a nave, chancel, and south aisle, but has suffered so extensively by the insertion of windows and other alterations, that little of its original character remains; the nave and chancel are long and lofty, and are separated by a fine old arch, which reaches to the roof; in the chancel on the southern side are some ancient stalls in recesses. There are places of worship for Baptists, Independents, Calvanistic and Wesleyan Methodists, Moravians and Presbyterians.
The free grammar school was founded by Thomas Lloyd of Kil Kifith, Esq., who by will dated November 22nd 1612, endowed it with dwelling houses, lands, and fee-farm rents, in the parish of St Martin, Pembrokeshire, and in the parishes of St Mary, St Thomas, and St Martin, in the town and county of Haverfordwest, this producing at present an income of £144 15 4d to this, Mr. John Milward, late of this town, added a third part of certain houses and land near Birmingham in the county of Warwick, giving the other two portions respectively to the master of the Birmingham free grammar school, and the Principal and Fellows of Brasenose College, Oxford, for the foundation of a scholarship in that college for a boy from each of those schools alternately. The portion of the estate assigned to the school of this town having been let by the corporation, who are trustees, upon a lease of 99 years, produces only £18 per annum, and the other two portions being injudiciously let on leases for 21 years subject to large fines on renewal, produce only £8 6 8d per annum each; consequently the scholarship is not sufficient to induce any young man from either of those schools to enter that college; the mastership of the Haverfordwest school is in the gift of the Mayor and corporation, who also nominate the boys to be educated in it.
Sir John Perrot in 1579, by deed gave certain houses, lands and fee-farm rents in the parish of Camrhos in Pembrokeshire, and in the parishes of Haverfordwest, now producing £173 16 4d par annum, for the repair of the roads, walls bridges and quays, and for the general improvement of the town, and supplying it with water. James Howard bequeathed an annuity of £22, payable out of an estate in the parish of Merton, in the county of Surrey, for the augmentation of Haverfordwest Hospital, which annuity, as no such hospital has existed for many years in the town, is divided by the corporation among the poor. William Vawer, by deed in 1607 gave houses, lands and fee-farm rent, in the parish of St Mary, Haverfordwest and in the city of Bristol, now producing £161 14 4d per annum towards the support of six decayed burgesses of this town, and Anne Laugharne bequeathed an annuity of £6 payable out of an estate at Boulston near this place for the relief of aged women of honest fame in the parishes of St Mary and St Thomas: to the poor of the latter parish the late Captain Parr of this town, also bequeathed £5 per annum to be distributed in bread. Mary Tasker, otherwise Howard, bequeathed certain farms and lands in the parish of Camrhos, now producing £133 14 4d per annum for the erection of an almshouse, and for the education of poor children of both sexes, in the parishes of Rudbaxton, Steynton and Haverfordwest. The same benefactress also bequeathed, in 1634, an annuity of £20 for the maintenance of poor children; and William Middleton gave £100 for apprenticing four poor children of the town; the former of these benefactions does not appear to have been ever paid. In addition to these several charities, for the appropriation of which the corporation are trustees, are numerous others of which the greater part, also in their patronage, have been lost by failure of securities in their investment, or by other accidents. Of these may be noticed, a bequest of £265 by Richard Howell and Owen Phillips, for the use of the poor; £200 bequeathed by Rebecca Flaeton, in 1744 for the relief of aged widows, on the nomination of Richard Prust; £100 by William Middleton for apprenticing poor children; £80 given in 1739, by Mary Llewelyn, for such charitable purpose as should be recommended by Richard Prust; £100 by a person unknown, for the relief of insolvent debtors in the goal of this town; £100 given by William Fortune, in 1764, to the poor of the town, a rent charge of £10 by William Wheeler, for the poor; and annuity of £3 10. given by Thomas Roch in 1707; and various other donations which appear to have been for a considerable time unavailable to the purposes for which they were originally given.
The priory of the Black Canons, originally founded by Robert de Hwlfordd, and situated in a meadow on the western bank of the river Cleddeau, continued to flourish till the dissolution, at which time its revenue was estimated at £135 6s 1d., and the site was granted to Roger and Thomas Barlow. The present remains, consisting chiefly of the skeleton of the church and some foundations of ancient buildings, afford indications of an establishment originally of considerable extent; the church was a spacious cruciform structure apparently in the early style of English architecture, with a lofty central tower supported on four noble arches, of which portions still remain; it appears to have been 160 ft in length form East to West and 80ft in breadth along the transepts, and was no less elegant that spacious, the windows being composed of lancet-shaped lights. The house of the Friars Preachers originally occupied the site on which the Black Horse Inn in Bridge St. was subsequently built; its founder and exact time of erection are unknown, but it was in existence prior to the time of Richard II., in whose reign, the grant of a burgage for the enlargement of the house was confirmed. To this establishment Bishop Hoton left £10 and his successor Bishop John Gilbert bequeathed £100, with vestments, desiring also to be interned within its walls.
The castle, from the discovery at various times of foundations of buildings and portions of ruined walls, appears to have occupied the whole of a rocky ridge on the northern declivity of the eminence on which the town is situated; and from its commanding site as well as from its extent and massive walls, it forms a conspicuous and imposing object towering above all the surrounding buildings and overlooking the town. The remains consist principally of the keep, a spacious quadrangular pile, with lofty and massive walls, and which, from the elegance of its pointed windows and other architectural embellishments, especially on the eastern side facing the river, appears to have comprised the chapel and the state apartments, and conveys and idea of its original grandeur and magnificence. This venerable portion of the remains has been converted into the county goal, without in any degree detracting from its interest as a noble relic of ancient baronial splendour. In the suburb of Prendergast, on the opposite side of the river, are the remains of an ancient mansion formerly inhabited by a family of that name; and about a mile and a half below the town is the ancient seat of the family of Haroldston, now in ruins. Skomer, an islet off the coast of Pembrokeshire, near the mouth of the Bristol Channel forms part of the parish of St Martin; it consists principally of limestone rock, and comprises an extent of about 700 acres, of which a considerable portion is let to a resident tenant, and in a state of cultivation; it is plentifully supplied with water, and abounds with rabbits. This islet, is separated by a strait about a mile and a half in breadth, called Broad Sound from the islet of Skokham, which is about three miles from the main land, and about five miles west by south from the mouth of Milford Haven. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £1082 7. for the whole town of which the proportion for the parish of St Martin is £402 3., for that of St Mary £510 9., and for St Thomas £169 15.,.
1331 June 8th Edward 111 confirmed a grant in mortmain of the following property, made by Robert son of son of Richard son of Tankard de Haverford to the Canons of St Mary's and St Thomas the Martyr of Haverfordwest.
The Churches of St Thomas, Haverford, and St Mary and St Martin with all tithes etc. pertaining thereto; his chapel in the castle, for them to provide a ministry for the same, to be fed at his table; his tithes of wool and cheese; his fishery,with liberty of multure in his mills, namely that they be "scevinefreoch" and "tolfreoch", his tithes of the mills in his demesne lands pertaining to the barony of Haverford; and certain lands defined in the letters patent.
1378 Apr 1 This grant was again confirmed.
1505 June 10 Grant again confirmed.
1256 The grant referred to must have been made prior to this date as on 22 Apr 1256 the Pope issued an indult to the Prior and Convent of Haverford, that the Church of St Martins Haverford, with its Chapels , which they held to their user be served by chaplains as hitherto appointed by them, to take effect on the death or resignation of the vicar appointed by the late Bishop.
Included in the Parish of St Martins is the Island of Skomer.
The early records of the appointment of ministers to these churches were probably lost or destroyed at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries.
St Martins 12c lady-chapel and porch 13c.
1550 Morys Griffiths
1688 Mar 16 William Williams
1714 John Harries
1748 Mar 18 William Tasker
1795 July 2 John Tasker MA
1800 James Summers
1837 Aug 29 Amos Crymes
1856 Jul 30 Samual Owen Meares BA
1869 Feb 22 John Meares BA
1879 Jan 31 Peter John Jarbo
1879 Oct 16 John Hearn Poppelwell
1888 Jul 18 Charles Martin Phelps
1908 May 29 Arthur Baring Gould
St Mary's 13c added to in 16c tower once had a spire of timber and lead dismantled in 1801.
The chancel is lofty, but the ceiling of plain oak beams without ornament. On either side of the entrance into it there are eight stalls of oak; those on the north side still exist in their original form, but the corresponding set to the south in my time and I believe even now used by the boys of the free school when they attend church have fallen into decay, having yielded to pews and seats of a more modern fashion.
RCAM Pembroke 1914 No 294.
The Church which for the most part dates from the first half of the 15c is essentially English in structure containing no features that can in anyway represent Welsh culture at that period.
1565 Raffe Savior
1605 John Eynon
1620 Stephen Goffe
1629 William Ormond
1645 Edward Warren
1650 Richard Longstreet
1652 Stephen Love
1656 Adam Hawkins
1679 William Williams
1681 Nov 18 Roger Lloyd
1688 Oct 23 Arnold Bowen
1691 Apr 17 Joshua Powell
1695 Feb 6 Thomas Davids
1710 Dec 15 Edward Rees
1711 Feb 2 John Boulton
1714 Sep 22 Mallet Bateman
1715 Mar 21 Roger Prosser BA
1718 Dec 29 Owen Phillipps MA
1723 Mar 11 John Lauggharne MA
1728 Mar 20 George Phillips MA
1772 July 22 Charles Ayleway MA
1805 Feb 25 James Thomas
1843 Oct 7 Thomas Watts
1859 Jan 28 James Henry Alexander Phillips
1875 Aug 30 Joshua Booth Wrenford
1883 Mar 16 Charles Fredrick Harrison
1902 Sep 25 John Henry Davies MA
1911 Oct 21 Tudor Owen Phillips
St Thomas Vicars:
1534 David Howell
1640 Francis Robinson
1640 Apr 29 Francis Robinson
1651 Stephen Love
1662 Oct 15 John Smyth
1686 Jan 20 Thomas Davies MA
1718 May 17 John Pember MA
1735 Sep 2 George Phillips
1743 May 19 Hugh Bowen
1777 Dec 18 William Cleaveland
1799 May 2 John Tasker Nash
1827 Nov 21 Thomas Knethell Warren Harris
1851 May 21 Thomas Horn
1866 June 6 George Thomas Horn MA
1874 Nov 11 George Christopher Hilbers MA
Medieval Haverfordwest a town of significant proportions.
1324. 360 burgages.
1376. 422 burgages.
St Thomas's Augustinian Priory founded 12c probably by Robert Fitz Tancred valued at £133 at the time of its dissolution in 1536; said to be haunted by the ghost of a monk.
Dominican Friary founded in mid 13c situated in Bridge St., between two lanes known as the Friars and the Hole in the Wall.
Leper hospital recorded in 1246 at bottom of Merlin's Hill.
16c Haverfordwest had 8 guilds including Glovers, Feltmakers, Tailors and Saddlers.
In the early Stuart times we find scions of the local gentry like the Bowens and Voyles mentioned. William Walter, the younger son of the Walters of Roch became Mayor and his son Roger Walter was three times Mayor and on his death in 1626 left an estate of £689 - the largest estate in the town at that period.
1605 September 27
Sir James Perrott, Mayor, to William Thomas, Chamber reeveappointed for the town and County of Haverfordwest.
Forasmuch as William Walter, alderman has disbursed divers sums of money towards the repair of the church windows and the conduit and for ministers wages and for divers other necessary uses and services within the said town, the particulars whereof doth appear by his account and amount to the sum of eleven pounds nine shillings eleven pence, these are to will and authorise you upon sight hereof to satisfy and pay unto the said William Walter the said sum of £1 9s 11 1/2d out of the moneys by you collected of the chamber rents due in the said town, and this warrant shall be your sufficient discharge for so much.
Haverfordwest corporation MS. 475.
Pembrokeshire Life 1572-1843.
1615 The town quay was rebuilt by John Baetman mayor of Havefordwest. He petitioned John Hoskins The King's Majesty's chief justice of Pembrock, Carmarthen, Cardigan and Haverfordwest in 1623 for the remainder of the money, £7, which he was owed. The Common council was rebuked by John Hoskin.
Haverfordwest Corporation MS530.
1648 October 9 Carmarthen.[Colonel] Rowland Dawkins to Captain Beale:
In regard to the poverty of Tinby you are to march to Haverfordwest and to Quarter your soldiers there until further order.
1651-2 population estimated by the mayor to be 2000 souls.
Over 400 died in the plague. (But it is suggested that 600 died at Dale). Haverfordwest corporation MS 262.
1656. Town requests to have the post office in this town if it may be obtained for since its being at Pembroke it has been both inconvenient and incommodious to us paying above treble post from Pembroke hither.
Llewellin's Churnworks one of the most famous butter churn manufacturers in the 19c.
Acc/to the Hearth Tax figures of 1670 the pop. of Haverfordwest was 2137.
First census return 1801 3964 people.
Haverfordwest Pirates: Introducing West Wales - Maxwell Frazer 1956.
1577. Letter from the Privy Council of Elizabeth 1 to Sir John Perrot cataloguing the misdeeds of John Callice.
"Whereas their Lordships are given to understand that one John Callice, a notable pirate frequenting that country and arriving lately at Milford was lodged and housed at Haverfordwest, and being there known was suffered to escape, their Lordships do not a little marvel at the negligence of such as are Justices in those parts".
The Scenery, Antiquities and Biography of South Wales - Benj. Heath Malkin 1804.
Built on the steep side of a high hill so as to be highly inconvenient if not dangerous for carriages and horses and the more so as the streets are very ill paved. There are some good houses especially in the upper part; but the irregularity of the avenues and the narrowness of all but one or two streets with the houses piled confusedly upon one another, the lower windows of some looking down upon the roofs of others render it intricate and unsightly on the entrance, though the approach is striking. The market here is one of the largest and most abundant in Wales, particularly for fish, in great plenty and variety. It is also a large corn market and there is a great fair for horses and cattle of all kinds, on the 7th of July St Thomas's day by which they mean St Thomas a Becket the tutelary saint of the upper town.
There is a cotton mill near Haverfordwest which employs about 150 people and this is the principal manufacture of the town.
Orig 38 Henry VIII 5 Pembroke.
MS. Donat Mus Brit 6366 fol. 272.
Rex xxvj die Junu concessit Roger Barlowe et Thomas Barlowe illud maneruim sive praeceptor de Slebiche, ac rectorias 7c de Slebeche Bulston et Martheltwy, ac etiam maneruim et rectoriam de Mynwere ac scit &c prioral de Pyll & Monasterii de Haverfordwest, et scit. nuper Domus Fractrum de Haverford habend eis, haered et assign suis imperptuim ro ixij.
(Thomas Barlow is described as Clerk of Catfeld in the county of Norff. Roger Barlow gent of Slebych).
1477.First evidence of a fulling mill is in 1477 when the site of a pandy called "Ancellislade" was arrented.
(Cal of Public Records relating to Pembrokeshire, I, 97).
1535 - 6.At the Dissolution, Haverfordwest Priory had a fulling mill in "le Mawdlynes" on "le Priors Hyll" leased at will, along with a meadow and a small close to Henry Cathern and John Sutton for 32s a year.
(SC6 Henry VIII, 5280, m.1d)
Acc/to Dyfed Archaeological Trust (site report 267): On the site of an existing mill building east of St Thomas' Hospital; medieval footings have been found.
Acc/to The Monastic order in South Wales 1066 -1348 - F. G. Cowley.
H'west Monastery was founded by Robert fitz Richard around 1200 there is no record of the size of the estate but the assessed value in 1291 was £17 6 8d temporalities, there is no figure given for spiritualities.
The following Churches were appropriated to it:
Haverfordwest value £10 0 0d.
Acc/to Medieval Buildings - published by Preseli District Council.
Vaulted cellars - below Swales Music Centre which stands close to the site of the town's original Guild Hall and Market - demolished in 1830's,across the road the one known erroneously as the Old Crypt.
Just below this a shop occupied by Messrs Bakers is a rare example of jettied construction indicating the occasional use of timber framing in this stone town.
James Henry Alexander Gwyther, Vicar of St Mary's.
He was the son of Maria Artemesia by her second husband the Rev. Henry Gwyther and was born in his fathers parish of Yardley in Worcestershire. He married Mary Catherine, the daughter of William Wolrych Lea of Ludson Shropshire. After coming to Picton Castle in 1857 he remained for two years without a living, but took over St Mary's after the Rev. Thomas Watts in 1859. There is no doubt the church flourished during his incumbency and there are records of numerous functions being held on behalf of the church in the grounds of Picton Castle. It is said that he too, changed his name to Philipps, but during the period he was Vicar of St. Mary's until his death on Dec. 3rd 1875 he was known as the Rev. Gwyther. He had two daughters the eldest being Mary Philippa who also changed her name to Philipps. In 1868 seven years before her fathers death, she married Charles Edward Gregg Fisher of Springdale, Huddersfield. He was educated at Cheltenham College and New College Oxford and was by profession an engineer. He came to Picton Castle to live in 1875 on hiswife inheriting the estates upon the death of her father. He then later changed his name to Philipps and was later created a Baronet in his own right.
Sir Charles Edward Gregg Phillips of Picton Castle, Baronet.
Sir Charles, as he was known in Haverfordwest, was Lord Lieutenant of the ancient town and County and for a time Lord Lietenant of the County of Pembroke. He served for a short time as a Member of Parliament and was Mayor of the borough on a number of occasions. Picton Castle during his residence became a veritable community, the number of servants running into three figures. He was a familiar figure in the town riding in his carriage with a coachman and a footman on the box. It was his young daughter Mabel who died as a result of a tragic accident upon the Narberth Rd in 1893. The Christmas of 1908 was an old fashioned one with heavy snow. The account in the local paper at the time sets out details of this festive occasion when Sir Charles and Lady Philipps entertained all the servants on the estate to a dinner and concert to which also were invited all the tenantry from the farms around. For a number of years prior to his death in 1924 he suffered a painful illness requiring the constant attention of two male nurses.
Acc/to the State of Prisons in England Scotland and Wales by James Neild Esq 1812.
Haverfordwest Pembrokeshire South Wales.
The County Goal.
Goaler: Samuel Howell. Salary £30. Fees for Debtors and Felons 13s 4d.
For the removal of Transports he is allowed the expense attending it.
Chaplain: Rev. William Thomas.Duty - Prayers on Wednesday and Friday. Salary £20.
Surgeon: Mr. Thomas. Salary £15 for Criminals only.
Number of Prisoners Debtors Felons &c
1800 May 4th 3 8
1803 Sept 29th 1 11
and three Lunatics.
Allowance, to the Debtors, none whatever. To the Felons, and other Criminals, 2 lbs of bread per day each, sent by the Baker, on Mondays and Thursdays, in loaves of 7 lbs each. Convicts under sentence of Transportation, have not the King's allowance of 2s 6d per week.
This Goal is built within the walls of the Old Castle, and has a spacious and airy court-yard, about 108 feet square, in which Men and Women, debtors and Felons, are indiscriminately associated during the day time. It has a Chapel, but no Infirmary, nor a bath.
Here are five cells and a kitchen for felons, with a Bridewell room for the men; and above these, five rooms for Debtors, who are allowed straw, on wooden bedsteads; also a room called the Womens Bridewell, and a storeroom, where the staw for the bedding is deposited.
The Felon's sleeping cells each 12ft by 6ft 9, open into a passage 4ft wide. Their being sunk three steps under ground rendered it absolutely necessary they should have bedsteads; but at my visit in 1803, there was nothing but straw laid on the brick floors; and the Goaler told me, that for a month together, eight or ten prisoners had been crowded every night into each cell.
Formerly a six-penny loaf was given weekly to each poor Debtor confined here - the produce, in part, of a pious and charitable donation; and the remainder of it was distributed in two penny loaves, to the poor in the Town of Haverfordwest. It appears, (though not from any Memorial found here) that " Mrs Martha Bowen declared in her will, that one hundred pounds had been deposited in her hands by an unknown person, about the year 1751, for the benefit of Insolvent Debtors, and the poor; which said sum of £100 was invested in New South Sea Annuities, in Trust to the Rectors of St Mary's Haverfordwest". I found the rector, Mr Ayleway, at the time of my visit , quite superannuated so as to be incapable of giving me any account of its distribution; but undoubtedly, his papers on the subject must be such as to throw a beneficial light upon it, in favour of the humble claimants. The Goaler told me that no Debtor had received the bread from the 16th of August 1802, till the month of January, 1803., when two sixpenny loaves were sent; and he afterwards informed me by letter (for which I thank him) that he had received the bread so lately as in December 1804. Matters of a nature so recently may easily be traced; or else the lapse of time may as easily obliterate them from the memory of others, and thus defeat the exemplary purpose of many a benevolent Donation.
The County allows a common fire for all the prisoners in this Goal, during the Winter months from Michaelmas to Lady-Day. In the great dearth of provisions, (1800, 1801) the sufferings of the Debters induced Lord Cawder to order the surplus of soup distributed on that occasion to be sent to the Prison; which provided a great relief.
There is a fine well of water in the centre of the court-yard. No employment furnished for the Prisoners. Neither the Act for Preservation of their Health, nor the Clauses against Spirituous Liquors, are hung up.
The Town Goal and Bridewell.
Keeper, Patrick Banner; a Shoe-maker. Salary £2 10s.
Allowance to Prisoners, two pence each per day.
This miserable Goal stands near the Court House, and has one room below, for Felons, with two above it; one of which is for the use of Debtors; the other, about 13ft square, is the Bridewell. These last , however, are occupied accordingly as the Keeper and his Prisoners determine their option.
Straw is allowed them, upon wooden bedsteads. No court-yard. No water accessible. 29th Sept. 1803, no Prisoners.
Plague reached the county in October 1651 and attacked the town of Haverfordwest in particular: 207 people died there in the first nine months. But it was not an especially severe visitation; indeed, its retreats and reappearances caused the more annoyance in that it became matter for argument whether a market ought to be held within the town boundaries or not. In March 1652 it was urged that of the two thousand inhabitants not more than thirty had a week's provisions laid by, while the mercers, shoemakers and feltmakers of the town, who had obtained stock lately from St. Paul's Fair, could not sell their goods because nobody came in from the countryside to buy. The mayor and aldermen requested the justices of the peace for the county to send provisions both to Haverfordwest itself and to the villages south and east of it, such as Great Pill, Waterston, Honeyborough, Newton in Roose and Prendergast, where the plague was rife. The justices opted for the easier alternative. Understanding "that the sickness is not so contagious as is reported, only four houses being infected and none at present sick in them", they relaxed their previous ruling: the inhabitants of Dungleddy hundred were to be permitted to attend the market in Haverfordwest once again.
In April, however, the plague intensified. Seventeen more were dead in Haverfordwest and about sixty people from infected houses confined to the pest-house within "the castle towne". All these became a burden on the council, who in May were much up in arms at the action of the "Pembrocl gent" (that is, the justices of the peace for the county) in forbidding all commerce with the town and removing the May fair (the St. Thomas's fair) usually held on the west side of Fursy Park, to Llawhaden. Despite the belief of the councillors that the hearts of the justices were hardened against them, a letter from Stephen Love to Sampson Lort and Henry White, followed by consultations between the three, resulted in a justices' order of 13 May to the high constables of Dungleddy hundred requiring them to collect voluntary contributions of money, corn, butter, cheese and other provisions and to take them to Portfield to be collected by the mayor or his deputy. Moreover, the voluntariness of the offerings was to be a matter of appearance only. "As true Christians cannot be void of such a measure of Christian fellow-feeling and sense of their near-neighbours' misery as not to contribute towards their belief", the names of those able to contribute but declining to do so were to be noted. But the buying and weighing of wool, normally done in Haverford-west, was, during the incidence of the sickness, to be held at Steynton every Tuesday and at Llawhaden every Saturday.
The "voluntary" benevolence resulted, during the next month or so, in money or provisions to the value of almost £50 being sent in to Haverford-west, #4 of which came from Sir Hugh Owen (now, apparently, back in the county). And from 13 July the justices gave order for a monthly rate of £80 to be raised from all the hundreds throughout Pembrokeshire for the relief of the sick and needy in the town As late as the third week in September nearly 600 persons in Haverfordwest were receiving a share of the relief made available, 16 of them sick in the pest-house, 15 recovering there and another 9 in a separate house in Cokey Street.
Meanwhile the plague had been spreading northwards. On 24 May it was said to be "at the Ford in the hundred of Dewsland and in other places there". By the autumn the town of Newport was affected. But for Haverfordwest the worst was over.
City Road - When building work was going on quantities of small coins etc. were found which would give rise to the supposition that a market or fair was held there. Was this the site of the St Thomas's May Fair which was held on the west side of Fursey Park.
Although there was a legend that plague victims had been buried outside the town I have found no evidence of that. - It would be quiet in keeping for the time that with the relative small numbers dying each week that they would be buried in the existing churchyards.
The pest house was within the town walls - the Bateman stable was also in the lower town and the other house used was in Coker St -- again probably within the town walls quite possibly near the Holloway.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.
This church was granted by Robert, son of Richard the son of Tankard de Haverfordwest, to the canons of St. Mary and St. Thornas the Martyr, Haverfordwest. The gift was confirmed in mortmain by the King on 8th June, 1331 - Pat. Rolls. But the original grant must have been made prior to 1256, as an 22 April in that year the Pope issued an indult to the prior and convent of St. Thomas. Haverfordwest, that the Church of St. Martin, Haverfordwest, with its chapels, which they held to their user, be served by chaplains as hitherto appointed by them; to take effect on the death or resignation of the vicar appointed by the late Bishop Papal Reg. In 1594 this living was in the King's hands. - Owen's Pemb.
See also under St. Thomas, Haverfordwest.
In 1291 this church was assessed for tenths to the King at £10, the amount payable being; £1 - Taxatio.
The following are the only particulars relating to this benefice, which are given in the Valor Eccl. They appear under the heading, "Churches appropriated to the Priory of St. Thomas, Haverfordwest":- Ecclesia Sancti Martini ejusdem ville, x.
Under the heading "Not in Charge":- St. Martin in Haverford West. Pri. Haverford West olim Propr. William Wheeler Bowen, Esq., £6 certified value. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
St Martin Church was restored about the year 1865, - Arch. Cam.
The church in 1536 contained a chapel called Capel Carnare with a chantry as is proved by the following entry.
Capella Carnarll cum Cantaria in Ecclesia Sancti Martini. Capella cum Cantaria ibidem valent comrellnibus annis 46s. 8d. Inde deciln,l 1s. 8 Valor Eccl.
An interesting feature in connection with St. Martin's is that the Island of Skomer is in the parish. When Roose was parcelled out into parishes, there was no parish to which the islands could be added, so they remained with St. Martin, the church of the lordship of Haverford and the Isles.
The living of St. Martins was purchased by Mr. Wilfred de Winton who gave it to the Society for the Maintenance of the Faith, the present patron.
On 8the June 1331 King Edward III. confirmed a grant in mortmain of the following property, made by Robert son of Richard son of Tankard de Haverford to the canons of St. Mary and St. Thomas the Martyr of Haverfordwest:- the churches of St. Thomas, Haverford, St. Mary and St. Martin with all tithes, &c., pertaining thereto; the chapel in the castle for them to provide a minister for the same, to be fed at his table; his tithes of wool and cheese; his fishery, with liberty of multure in his mills, namely, that they be "scevinefreoch" and "tolfreoch"; his tithes of the mills in his demesne lands pertaining to the barony of Haverford; and certain lands defined in the letters patent - on 1st April, 1375, this grant was again confirmed, and for a third time set on record on ao June, 1505. - Pat. Rolls.
The original grant, however, by Robert Tankard must have been made prior to 1256.
On 20 Feb., 1325, licence was granted by the King for the alienation in mortmain of 5 marks of rent in Haverford by Richard de Dowystowe, to the prior and convent of Haverford to find a chaplain to celebrate divine ser vice daily in the chapel of St. Many, Haverfordwest, for the souls of the faithful departed.
The Valor Eccl. gives only the following details in regard to this church, which was one of the churches appropriated to the priory of St. Thomas, Haverford.
Vest:- Ecclesia Beate Marie Haverford isn.
Under the heading "Livings Discharged":- St. Mary, Haverford West V. Pri- Haverford West Propr. The Corporation - Clear yearly value, £18 10s. 0d. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
On the dissolution of the monasteries the church of St Mary came into the hands of the Crown and subsequently into the possession of the Haverfordwest Corporation. It was evidently held by this body in 1566, as in the corporation accounts for that year it is stated that Lewis Harris and John Harris were collectors of the priest's wages in St. Mary's Church and that they had paid to Raffe Saviour, curate there, £8. Another entry in the same year shows that the corporation had sold 8 chalice out of St. Mary's Church for £5 1s. 4d., and also some copes. The church appears to have remained under the patronage of the corporation until 30 Sept., 1836, when the advowson was purchased by Rev. Thomas Watts, from whom it was purchased by Rev. J. H. A Philipps of Picton Castle, Pems., about the year 1858.
No very early presentations to the vicarage of St. Mary have been found The church during monastic times was no doubt served by chaplains, and any record of their appointment was probably kept in the monastic registers, which are now lost or destroyed. Even after the acquisition of the advowson by the corporation of Haverfordwest, it is impossible to be certain whether some of those who performed the services at the church were vicars or curates; it will be seen that several persons in the list are styled lecturers, and it would appear that these lecturers preached and performed other offices, such as baptisms, burials, etc.
St Thomas: This church was included in the grant made by Robert son of Richard the son of Tankard de Haverford to the canons of St. Mary and St. Thomas the Martyr of Haverfordwest. See under St. Mary, Haverfordwest.
No separate details or valuation are given in regard to this church in the Valor Eccl. The only reference to it is the following entry under the heading of Churches appropriated to the Priory of St. Thomas, Halrerfordwvest:- Ecclesie Sancti Thome et Ismaelis de Haroldston per annum £2.
On 29 April, 1640, a grant was made by the King, creating the benefice of the parish church of St. Thomas, Haverfordwest, with certain tenements, into a rectory presentation with cure of souls to be in the personal donation of the King and his successors, and annexing the said rectory and tenements to the said church; Francis Robinson, clerk, to be present vicar, and the church to be taxed at £5 yearly value. - State Papers.
Under the heading "Not in Charge":- Haverfordwest St. Thomas R. The Prince of Wales. Clear yearly value, £5. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
On 14 July, 1875, a faculty was granted for relieving Rev. G. C. Hilbers from rebuilding two cottages in Quay St., Haverfordwest.
On 15 March, 1880, a faculty was obtained for altering and enlarging the parish church.
Pre-war, Havefordwests' walks -
The Parade, Scotchwells, Fortune's Frolic and The Ghyle - were much used and appreciated, by exercise enthusiasts, nature lovers and, most of all, by lovers. It was a great pleasure in the unsophisticated times to stroll these paths, The Parade and The Frolic affording marvelous views of the river the railway line and open countryside, and Scotchwells, with its leet running alongside, providing glimpses of rare sylvan beauty.
The Frolic, probably unknown to most of the present generation, is steeped in history. Running alongside the river bank from New Road to Uzmaston, it was given to the town by a noted l8th century benefactor, Francis Fortune, and for generations was an important link between the town and Uzmaston village. It was also the scene of the last duel fought on Pembrokeshire soil.
Apparently, a member of the Fortune family, Samuel Simmons Fortune, then living at Leweston, Camose, had a quarrel with John James (afterwards Colonel James of Pantsaeson) while they were attending a hunt ball at Tenby. The two young men were friends - John James was engaged to be married to Samual's sister - and had ridden over to Tenby together. But they quarrelled in the yard of the White Lion Inn, blows were exchanged and they eventually agreed to settle their differences by duel.
The duel was arranged with due ceremony and it took place at the end of September, 1789, at Fortune's Frolic. Fortune was killed and, in former days, it used to be said that his ghost sometimes stalked the area.
The Ghyle, running from Prendergast Church area up past David Lewis' farm (later Mr Williams') to the old paper mills, also had its ghost - a white lady (what else) who used to come out in the evenings and walk along the grass verges moaning softly for the loss of her husband who had been killed in the Civil War. Several local people used to claim that they seen this lady, but she seems to have stopped her perambulations many years ago.
The William Nichol's Memorial near the top of High Street, Haverfordwest, is accepted by local residents as part of the town scenery. They pass it by without a glance.
But visitors may often be seen examining it, some times with a slightly puzzled look, and no wonder, for it is an unusual memorial both in design and colouring. It is of red granite, rounded, bearing an appropriate inscription in gilt and surmounted by a kind of urn. But it is in good condition bearing in mind that it has stood for eighty years without an undue amount of care and attention.
The memorial was the handiwork of Mr. Evan Jones, who carried on a thriving monumental mason's business in Cartlett, Haverfordwest, for many years and who was succeeded by his son, Mr. Eddie Jones, who is remembered by older residents as a musician, choir conductor, Town Councilor and Mayor of the Borough.
Mr. Evan Jones' stone is not the first William Nichol memorial. The original, in sandstone and bearing the remains of an ancient cross, was removed during road widening in the mid-l9th century and was taken for safe-keeping by Mr. J. P. A. Lloyd Phillips to Dale Castle.
Who then, was William Nichol?
There is some doubt as to his intellectual and social standing some say he was a poor and simple man, a local yokel who did no harm to anyone, but others contend that he was a preacher of lively intelligence, of "wild and lively tongue", who fiercely criticised the establishment and fearlessly condemned Roman Catholicism.
What is certain is that he was one of three Welshmen who were martyred for their faith during the terrible reign of Mary Tudor ("Bloody Mary") from 1553 to 1558.
Altogether over 300 were put to death for their Protestant beliefs in the period, William Nichol being burned at the stake in the centre of Haverfordwest, probably at the Castle Square, on April 9th 1558.
Whether this terrible fate was inflicted on a simple minded man just as a warning to other Welsh Dissenters or whether Nichol provoked the Papists too far by his fiery preaching and became a victim of the Queen's edict to "burn all heretics" is not clear at this great distance in time.
The replacement memorial was erected in 1912 and was unveiled by the then Mayor, Mr. George Davies, in the presence of a large gathering of local inhabitants.
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St Mary:The nave and chancel are Norman but the latter has been rebuilt. The font is also Norman. The wooden framed windows are all 19c.
Norman Motte c1080, part of the Lansker line of castle mounds, no bailey -- defensive mound thrown up in the first weeks of the Norman invasion.
Acc/ to the Topograpical Dictionary of Wales S Lewis 1834.
Hayscastle, a parish in the hundred of Dewisland, county of Pembroke 7 and a half miles NW by N from Haverfordwest containing 367 inhabitants. This parish, which is of considerable extent, is for the most part enclosed, and in a good state of cultivation. It constitutes, together with that of Brawdy, a prebend attached to the decanal stall in the cathedral church of St David's. The living is a discharged vicarage, consolidated with that of Brawdy in the archdeaconry and diocese of St David's and in the patronage of the Bishop, as Dean. The church is dedicated to St Mary; and at the small village of Ford, in this parish, there is a chapel of ease. There are places of worship for Independents and Methodists. Several tumuli were formerly discernible in this parish, but they have been nearly leveled. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £50 10s.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.
Ford: This is a perpetual curacy (without district assigned), in the parish of Hayscastle. It was a small chapel originally founded about the year 1627 by Margaret Symmons of Martel, for the convenience of her tenants living there, who lay at a great distance from the parish church of Hayscastle, Ford being at the very extremity of the parish. It was consecrated at her instance by Theophilus Field, then Bishop of St. David's, and endowed with a small stipend of two pounds per annum to the minister officiating there, by deed annexed to the bishop's license and confirmation. John Symmons, son of the said Margaret, in his will enjoins his heir particularly to keep the said chapel in repair, and pay the stipend he had engaged to do, as likewise does his son Thomas in his will enjoin his successor. The chapel of late years has had such an augmentation to its endowment as to entitle it to Queen Anne's bounty.
Fenton's Pem., p. 331.
As appears by the following entry, the chapel seerns to have been rebuilt by William Knox of Llanstinar prior to the year 1786.
Under the heading "Not in Charge":- Forde Chapel. Noviter erecta William Knox, Esq. £2 certified value. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
Acc/to The Old Parish Churches of South West Wales - Mike Salter 1994.
Church on ancient foundations but has been completely rebuilt and lacks old features.
This benefice was originally a curacy. There is no valuation of it in the Valor Eccl., but George Owen, in his list of churches compiled in 1594, states that the curacy belonged to the vicar of Brawdy. It is probable that the vicar of Brawdy also served Hayscastle, as there appear to be no very early presentations to this curacy. From 1711 down to the present date the same incumbents have held the two livings.
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Iron age earthwork - nearby - upon hill is a Motte and bailey fortress near-the church.
Acc/ to the Topograpical Dictionary of Wales - S. Lewis 1834
Henry's Moat, a parish in the hundred of Kemmes, county of Pembroke, 10 and a half miles NE by N from Haverfordwest containing 282 inhabitants. This parish derives its name from an ancient tumulus in the form of a truncated cone, surrounded by a moat, and in all probability formerly surmounted by military work, called by the Welsh Castell Hen-drev or "the castle of the old town" which name has been corrupted by the English settlers in this part of the principality into its present appellation. The lands in this parish are for the greater part enclosed, and in a good state of cultivation; and considerable portions of unenclosed land , consisting chiefly of heather and turbaries, afford pasturage for sheep, and supply the principal fuel of the inhabitants. The soil is various, being rich and fertile in the lower and cultivated grounds, but in other parts of the parish poor and unproductive. The surrounding scenery, though not distinguished by any striking peculiarity of feature is generally pleasing; and the views over the adjacent country are interesting and in some instances extensive. The living is a discharged rectory in the archdeaconry of Cardigan and diocese of St David's, rated in the king's books at £5 6 8d endowed with £200 private benefaction and £200 royal bounty, and in the patronage of Clonel Scourfield. The church dedicated to St Bernard, is not distinguished by any architectural details of importance. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £112 5.
Henry's Moat St Brynach (Bernard)
RCAM Pembroke 1914 No 318.
The church consists of a small nave, chancel, south transept, north porch and western bell-cote. A few ancient features were retianed in the restoration of 1884. On either side of the low chancel arch are two projecting corbels, which support the rood-beam.
Acc/to The Old Parish Churches of South West Wales -- Mike Salter 1994.
The nave and chancel are probably 13c and the south transept is probably 14c but the restoration of 1884 has left no datable features. In the church is a stone from the nearby chapel which once stood alongside the nearby holy well.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.
St. Bernard: This rectory from the year 1488 has been in private patronage, and down till 1556 it was in the patronage of the Wogans of Wiston. George Owen, writing in 1594, states that the patron was then Woogan of Wiston and X that the presentation was "in Grossa," that is to say, not appendant to a manor. By 1621 the patronage was vested in the Scourfield family.
Described as Eccelesia de Monte Henrici, this church was in 1291 assessed for tenths to the King at £8. - Taxatio.
Ecclesia de Mota Henrici. - Ecclesia ibidem es cellaci-one Johannis Woogan armigeri unde Magister Thomas Woogan est rector valet eommunibus annis dare 106S. 8d. Inde decima, 10S. 8d. - Valor Eccl.
Under the heading "livings Discharged":- Mota Henrici alias Henry's Mote, alias Castle Henry R. (St. Bernard). J. Woogan Esq., 1535; William Seourfield, Esq., 1714, 1763, 1768. Clear yearly value £22 8s. 4d. King's Books, £5 6s. 8d. - Bacon's Libes Regis.
On 7th July, 1784, a faculty was granted for the restoration of Henrys moat Church.
In a list of chapels originally built for pilgrimages, but the greater number of which were in ruins "Capell Burnagh in Harisemoat" is mentioned. Owen's Pem.
Herbranston St Mary
Church St Mary's: The nave and the chancel with tomb recesses on either side are 13c although the windows are Victorian. One recess contains a damaged 14c military effigy. The porches are probably 14c and there is a 13c west tower inclined to the north.
This rectory formed part of the possessions of the priory of St. Thomas, Haverfordwest, and on the dissolution of that house came into the lands of the Crown.
Under the name Ecclesia de villa Herberandi this church was in 1291 assessed for tenths to the King at £6 13s. 4d., the amount payable being 13s. 4d. - Taxatio.
Herbrandeston - Ecclesia ibidem ex collacione prioris Haverford unde Thomas Tawey clericus est rector habens ibidem mansionem et terras. Et valent fructus et emolimenta ejusdem ecclesie communibus annis viij". Inde in visitacione ordinaria quolibet tercio anno xiijd. Et in visitacione archidia con i quol ib et anno pro pro curacionibus et sinodalibus vS ixd. lit remanet clare £7 13s. 2d. Inde decima 15s. 4d. - Valor Eccl.
Under the heading "Livings remaining in Charge":- Herbrandston R. (St. Mary). Ordinario quolibet tertio anno 1S. 1d. Archidiac. quolibet anno 5s. 9d. Prior de Haverfordwest olim Patr. The Prince of Wales. King's Books £7 13s. 4d., £80 Yearly tenths, 155. 4d. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
On 3 February 1904 a faculty was granted for the restoration of Herbrandston Church.
1384 John Sampson
1384 Dec 10th Thomas Picton [Thomas Picton held the living at Manorbier and exchanged that living with John Sampson for the living of Herbranstone]
? Rice Phillip
1502 Jan 2 Richard Pardew
1534 Thomas Talley (Thomas Tawy)
1554 July 25 Rhys Jones
1623 Lewis Owen BA
1635 Aug 8 John Place
1636 June 1 Michael Barwhick
1670 Apr 30 John Smith
1696 Mar 25 Joshua Powell
1728 Mar 17 Roger Lewis
1730 Feb 23 John Rice
1736 Mar 20 Thomas Stephens
1740 Aug 14 William Roch
1783 Dec 13 John Tasker Nash MA
1827 Sep 11 William Roch MA
1859 Jan 17 James Watts MA
1864 Nov 24 James Thomas MA
1889 Feb 20 William John Lyte Skynner Stradling MA
1901 Dec 30 William Beach Thomas BD
1910 Jan 31 George Henry Hughes BA
The church consists of chancel (30 1/2 feet by 16 1/2 feet), nave (31 feet by 14 feet tower (13 feet square), and north porch. Its earliest parts are the nave and tower
The chancel was rebuilt in the first half of the 14th century, possibly under the direct influence of bishop Henry Gower 1328-1347, as has been suggested by Dr. E. A. Freeman. It has a triple sedilia and double piscina of decorated work; these are flanked on either side by stone benches. The windows are modern restorations. In the south-west angle are the rood stairs, whilst two corbels which supported the rood beam are in situ on the west side of the plain pointed chancel arch. The nave is plainly vaulted; at the east end of the vault are the remains of a vanished bell-cote. In the north wall is a blocked pointed doorway; to the right of the south doorway is a stoup recess. The tower of four storeys, the two lowest being vaulted; the ground chamber is entered only from the church. Instead of a battlement a plain corbelled parapet. On the north side of the tower is the turret stair, rising clear of the parapet. The ground storey is lighted by a modern window which has been inserted above the still remaining original loop. The second and third stories are lighted by slits; the bell-chamber has to the east a double window with circular heads, and to the west a double light with square hood. The font bowl (27 inches square externally, and 20 inches internally, with a depth of 61 inches) is of cushion type; the east and west faces each bear a cross of quasi-early form. The bowl stands upon a circular shaft and square chamfered base; marks of a cover are visible.
In 1831 the entire building was in "a state of extreme dilapidation, the windows being blocked and partially destroyed, and the roof in a condition of complete decay."
The bell, still in use, bears the legend + SANCTA + MARIA + ORA + PRO + .NOBIS + . It dates from the mid-15th century.
According to the 1851 census of religious buildings the area of the Parish was equal to 709 acres and the population was 78 - 36 males and 41 females.
The space in the church was recorded as 8 free places and 40 allocated and Henry Hughes the minister records the attendance at the afternoon service as being 80 which is far more than the capacity of the Church and more than the total population of the parish.
The parish registers which are available in the Pembrokeshire county Record Office date back to 1766 although there is a Bishop's transcript available in the National Library of Wales for 1686 - 87.
There was much rebuilding in 1851 and the church was restored 1880's.
Acc/to Pembrokeshire Parsons.
This benefice was originally a free chapel, and in 1380 the patronage belonged to the heir of John Fleming, Baron de la Roche. In 1487 the right of presentation was vested in Henry Malenfant and Thomas Sturmyn, the lords of the manor of Ogeston [Hodgestonl, being patrons for that turn. In 1594 one moiety of the patronage was owned by the Earl of Essex, who bought it from Wogan, and the other moiety belonged to John ap Res and the de Longueville family, the right of presentation being appendant to the manor of Hodgeston. - Owen Pem.
(1535) Ecclesia sive libera Capella de Hoggeston. - Beclesia sive libera capella ibidem ad donacionem domini de Ferrers et aliorum patronorum ibidem unde Johannes Luntley est rector sine terris et mansione. Et valent fructus hujus capelle communibus annis viij - i inde sol - in visitacione ordinaria quolibet tercio anno xiij.d. Et in visitacione archidiaconi quolibet anno pro procuracionibus et sinodalibus v8 ixd. Et remanet clare £7 13s. 2d. Inde decima 15s. 3d. - Valor Eccl.
Under the heading "Livings remaining in Charge":- "Hogeston alias Hoston R. Visit. Ordinario quolibet tertio anno 1s. 1d PIOS. and Syn. quolibet anno, 5s.William Rachford and William Davies, 1675; Sir Arthur Owen, Bart., 1724, 1728; Lewis Pryse and John Howell Esq., p.h.v., 1757 - King's Books, £7 13s. 4d. Yearly tenths, 15s. 4d. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
(1786) Under the heading "Livings discharged":- Hogeston alias Hoston V. Clear yearly value £29. - Bacon's Liber Regis.
Philpe 1543 Churchwarden Hogeston PRO 223/423
Yonge Hugh 1380 Oct 25 Hodgeston rector
Picton Thomas 1381 Hodgeston rector
Cole John 1404 Jul 14 Hodgeston rector
Smyth John 1407 Hodgeston rector
Malenfant John 1407 Nov 23 Hodgeston rector
Persivall Philip 1487 Hodgeston rector
Mendus William 1487 May 10 Hodgeston rector
ap John Philip 1534 Hodgeston rector
Luntley John 1535-6 Hodgeston rector
Laugharne Francis 1578 Hodgeston rector
Owens Francis 1631 Nov 23 Hodgeston rector
Prichard William 1662 Oct 7 Hodgeston rector
Hitching Thomas 1675 Sep 6 Hodgeston rector
Rowe Henry 1724 Jul 11 Hodgeston rector
Williams John 1729 Feb 15 Hodgeston rector
Williams George 1757 May 25 Hodgeston rector
Jones George 1787 Nov 3 Hodgeston rector married Miss Voyle of H'west
Owen Thomas 1829 Feb 16 Hodgeston rector
Hughes Henry 1851 Feb 18 Hodgeston rector
Thomas Richard James H 1858 Mar 26 Hodgeston rector
Davies Herbert William 1874 Mar 5 Hodgeston rector
Clunn William Davies 1879 Sep11 Hodgeston rector
Edwardes David Edward 1888 Oct 22 Hodgeston rector
About 20 yds south west of Carew Beacon and on the south side of the Ridgeway is the site of a vanished tumulus, respecting which the following remarks appeared in Arch Camb 1851 II: "One tumulus has been opened about thirty years ago (1826) and a skeleton found; stones also are said to have been removed."
House of c. 1800. In 1787 the ownership of the estate was held in three shares, the largest being that of the Rev. Arthur Owen. In 1840 the same share was owned by Griffith Owen, and the occupant of Hodgeston Hall was John Owen. The house may possibly have served as a rectory: Thomas Owen MA. was Rector of Hodgeston from 1829. It is now a farmhouse.
1291. Recorded as Villa Hogges.
1348 September 24 Pembroke: Writ of certiorari de feodis etc., to John de Shol, escheator in Hereford and the adjacent March of Wales, 24 September, 22 Edward III Extent of all fees and advowsons of churches in the county of Pembroke, made at Pembroke on Thursday in the feast of St Michael de Monte Tumba, 22 Edward III.
Jurors; John Cantrel, William Adam, William Robelyn, Thomas de Castro, Andrew Wysman, John Beneger..... John Rou, John Robyn, William Parttrahan, John Hilton and Henry Beneger.
......Ogiston half and quarter fee held by William de Rupe, worth yearly £10 ....
1376 20 November. IPM, Edward III, 248, f. 105
Writ of certiorari de feodis, d. 20 November, 49 Edward III. Edward de Brigg. Extent. .. 49 Edward III.
Jurors: Richard de Houton, Roger Creytol, Henry Brace, Richard de Brompton, John de Mulle, Hugh Wrembrugge, Walter Keveryk, Walter Bisshewall, John Kawerose, Walter Rouse, Henry ap Ieuan, Walter Heynes.
John de Hastinges late Earl of Pembroke, deceased, held the undermentioned fees and advowsons of the king in chief, viz.: ...... a moiety and Quarter of a knight's fee in Hoggeston, held by William de Rupe, and worth in gross 100s yearly; ......
1403. Also on 13 October, in the year abovesaid, the bishop collated, to Master John Colle clerk, at Charleton, the free Chapel of HOGGESTON of his collation and diocese, vacant by the death of Master Thomas Picton, last rector or warden of the same;
[Marginal note.] Void because it does not take effect as appears below.
1404 July 14. Also on 14 July in the year abovesaid, at Charlton, the bishop collated to Master John Cole the free Chapel of OGESTON, vacant by the death of Sir Thomas Pycton, last rector or warden of the same,
Guy, etc., to John, prior of the priory of St. Thomas the Martyr, Haverford, greeting, etc.
Order, - Although all and singular who hinder or disturb, cause others to hinder or disturb, or ratify these things done in their name, any persons whatsoever holding ecclesiastical benefices and any one of them from being able to dispose freely in respect of such their benefices of the tithes, profits, rents, fruits and oblations of the same, or who lightly withdraw, carry away or take away, cause or procure to be withdrawn, carried away or taken away, tithes, fruits, rents, profits and oblations, beyond and contrary to the will of rectors and vicars and other ecclesiastics, or ratify such withdrawal, carrying away and taking away, done in their name, are in the constitutions of the holly father, in the condemnation of the sentenced the greater excommunication, nevertheless some sons of iniquity, satellites of Satans unmindful of their own salvation, have hindered and disturbed and still disturb Master John Cole, rector or warden of the free chapel of Ogiston, from being able to dispose freely in respect of his said chapel of the tithes, profits, fruits, rents and oblations of the same free chapel, as of right he should, and have ratified and still ratify such impediment and disturbance done in their name; and such his tithes, fruits, rents, profits and oblations, beyond and against his will, they have withdrawn, carried and taken away, caused or procured to be withdrawn, carried and taken away, and have ratified the withdrawal, carrying and taking away, done in their name, and still illegally detain such tithes etc. withdrawn, carried away and taken away, incurring the condemnation of the said sentence of the greater excommunication under which they still remain to the grave peril of the souls of themselves and of others Willing to have dealings with the same, and the great prejudice of the said Master John and his chapel aforesaid. Wherefore we commit unto [and] firmly enjoining in virtue of obedience and under pain of the greater excommunication command you that you solemnly pronounce in your churches during the solemnisation of mass when the number of people present is largest, with ringing of bells, with the cross Uplifted, with candles lighted and thrown to the ground for their Condemnation, and the other solemnity usual in such denunciation, you denounce all and singular such malefactors as having been so excommunicated generally, and as being excommunicated, not ceasing from such denunciation until you have other mandate from us. Dated on the day and in the year and place abovesaid.
And like mandates went out to the rector and the vicar of Carrew; the rector and the vicar of Manerbeere; and the rector of St. Giles; and to all curates of the same deaneries.
1407 November 24. On the 24th day of the same month etc. he admitted Sir John Malenfant, priest, to the free chapel of HODGESTON of the diocese of St. David's, vacant by the free resignation of Master John Smyth last rector of the same.
1486. Philip Percival held the living of Talbenny and the free chapel of Hodgeston.
1487 10 May. On 10 May at the manor of Lantfey, one Sir William Mendes then vicar of Lantfey aforesaid was admitted to the free chapel of Hogeston vacant by the death in the course of nature of Sir Philip Persivall last warden of the same.
Henry king of England etc.,. to Edward etc., bishop of St David's greeting. Whereas you and the rest of the prelates and clergy of the province of Canterbury assembled in the last convocation or holy synod of such prelates and clergy in the church of the divine Paul, London, begun and celebrated on 6 February in the year 1511-12 according to the course and computation of the English Church and continued day by day unto and on 17 December then next following granted unto us for the defence and protection of the Anglican Church and this our famous realm of England as well as to allay and extirpate heresies and schisms in the church universal which in these days flourish more than usually, under the manners, forms, conditions, and exceptions written below , not otherwise not in any other manner , four tenths of all ecclesiastical benefices and possessions whatsoever , also of all benefices and possessions of alien priories whatsoever , being in the hands of whatsoever ecclesiastics or secular men of the said province, the specific exceptions within written only excepted, to be levied, collected and paid in the manner, form and terms following, namely one and the first tenth on the feast of St Martin in the winter next to come which will be in the year 1513, the second truly on the feast of St Peter ad Vincula then next to come which will be in the year 1514, and the third on the feast of the Holy apostles Phillip and James which will be in the year 1515, the fourth and last tenth truly on the feast of the said Apostles which will be in the year 1516 saving from the grant, levy, and payment of the said tenth etc., as it more fully appears in the said writ of the king hanging on the file of the year 1513.
Collectors of the first kings tenth to be paid on the feast of St Martin bishop and confessor above.
The prior of Pembroke collector in the archdeaconry of St David's.
The goods, church possessions and benefices, in the diocese of St David's which have been diminished , impoverished, and other destroyed by wars, fires, ruins, inundations of rivers and other misfortunes and chances deservedly to be excused from payment of the same four tenths according to the force etc., of the grant of the same by the authority of the said convocation follow and are these as appears on the other part of the folio here following etc.
In the archdeaconry of St David's are excepted the churches here underwritten:-
In the deanery of Pembroke the underwritten churches are excepted.
Hodgeston (so it would appear that at this date the church was not in very good condition like most of the other churches in the area.)
1526 30 October, COURT ROLL, Portfolio 227 No. 44 County of Pembroke, held at Pembroke, on Tuesday, 30 October, 1526. before John Wogan, Ar., and William Owen, Gent., deputies of Rees Griffith, Ar., lieutenant of William Parre, Kt., steward of the county of Pembroke.
Walter Deveraux Kt Lord Ferrers and Charteley, lord of one-fifth part of the manor of Hoggeston, who holds the said part of our lord the king as of his county aforesaid by Cadwallader ap Howell his bailiff, came and asked to be fined for the remission of his suit of court this year, and was allowed, fine, 2s.
John Longvile Kt lord of another part of the manor of Hoggeston, divided into five portions, by Richard Wogan, the steward, came, etc. as above, fine 2s
Thomas Perrott Ar, lord of one-third part of the manor Hoggeston, petitioned for several defaults this year 12d.
John Perrott, son and heir of William Perrott, late of Scottisburgh, as yet a minor; his lands, namely, one-fourth part of the manor of Hoggeston and of other lands, which are held by the king, are still in the hands of the king by reason of his nonage. Therefore his fine for suit of court, etc., is respited here.
Journal of the Historical Society of the Church of Wales vol. page 62.
1559 July 18th list of visitors (Western circuit - Wales + Hereford & Worcester) to administer the oath to clergy under the Act of Supremacy to enforce the use of the Prayer Book and to promulgate the royal injunctions.
Thomas Yonge 1507-68 - Born at Hodgeston educated at Broadgates Hall Oxford - principal there 1542-6 - precentor St David's in 1542. In 1559 with Metric and Constantyne involved in a violent quarrel with Bishop Ferrar - who was Bishop of St Davids January 1560 translated to York 1561.
1550's Thomas Young doctor of divinity held the Chancellor of St David's held the livings of Spittal, Nash and Hodgeston. Because of the difficulties with Bishop Ferrar, found problems finding curates to work in the parishes. He succeeded Bishop Morgan as Bishop of St David's and then advanced to the see of York. He was born at Hodgeston near Lamphey.
1562 Walter James leased Hodgeston rectory with its barns, stables, orchards and outhouses to William Loughor, but the indenture fell into Perrot's hands and he entered into possession so the said James had to appeal to the Court of Chancery for redress (PCC Evans Sir John Perrot - p 46).
1770 February 8 Pulchrohen
Rev. George Holcombe to Charles Moss Bishop of St Davids.
Mr. Seall the vicar of St Mary's etc Pembroke is now with me and has desired me to present his duty to your lordship and to lay before you the following particulars: That, as he lives in Shropshire and has expectations, particularly from Lord Clive, whose Principal seat is in the parish where he lives he humbly and earnestly entreat that your lordship will be pleased to dispense for some time at least with his personal residence at Pembroke, and that he will take care that his parishes shall be served by an able curate who will perform the duty as fully and as conscientiously as he himself could do were he personally resident. That the principal inhabitants of his parishes have recommended to him Mr. Williams, the vicar of Hodgeston in the deanery of Pembroke, whom I know personally and who performs parochial duties both as a reader and preacher extremely well and who lives in the town of Pembroke and is a man besides of sobriety and of a good character. The present curate's name is Hughes, vicar of Landphey. The parishes do not much approve of him to continue the curate as his manner of reading and preaching is not so edifying, and indeed to my own knowledge I am certain that as an officiating minister he is greatly inferior to Mr. Williams. Mr. Seall seems to be a modest, well-meaning man and has desired me to address your lordship upon this affair previously to his writing to you which he soon himself intends to do. Your lordship's tenant of Castle Morrice has at length paid me the rent you expect of him.
Lucas MS. 2862.
1794 circa [St Petrox].
Extract from a Letter from Cha[rle]s Pigott Pritchett, rural dean of Pembroke, to William Stuart Bishop of St David's.
..... The state of the churches in my district is now become so decent and in tolerable order that it is unnecessary for me to trouble your lordship with particulars. I wish I had as good an account to give of many of the vicarage houses. That of Nangle stands in most deplorable condition, next to it Mannerbier, St Twinnels and the vicarage at Stackpole want thorough repairs.......
List of subscribers to the fund for the sons of the clergy:
Lady Owen Orielton £1-1-0
John Campbell, esq., Stackpole £5-0-0
John Mirehouse, esq.,Brownslade £1-1-0
Revd. C. Prichard, St Petrox £1-1-0
Revd. J. Bowen, Rosecrowther £1-1-0
Revd. Mr. Buckridge Pulchroan £1-1-0
Revd. G. Jones Hogheston £1-1-0
Revd. J. Hughes Bosheston £1-1-0
Revd. T. Wood Curate of Pembroke £0-10-6
Revd. T. Hancock, Vicar of St Florence £0-10-6
Revd. H. Wood, Curate of Bosheston £0-10-6
Church in Wales MS AD/AET 1209.
Pembrokeshire life 1572-1843.
1834 Topographical Dictionary of Wales.
HODGESTON, a parish, on the road to Tenby, containing 72 inhabitants. This parish is by some writers supposed to have been the site of an ancient religious establishment, of the existence of which, however, there are not the slightest traces, nor has it even a traditionary history. The supposition rests chiefly, if not entirely, upon the evidence of an ancient deed still extant, in which John Stackpool styles himself "Capel-lanus," and dates it from "Oggeston;" but there is every probability that the writer was chaplain of the Episcopal palace at Lamphey, about half a mile distant, and held the rectory of this parish at the same time. The living is a rectory, in the archdeaconry and diocese of St. David's, rated in the king's books at £7. 13. 4., and in the patronage of Sir John Owen Bart., for two turns and Prise Prise, Esq., for one. The church is a neat edifice, in the early style of English architecture, with a lofty square embattled tower. Dr. Thomas Young, formerly Bishop of St. David's, and afterwards Archbishop of York, was a native of this parish. The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor amounts to £57 14s.
Butler John 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths h2
Davis William 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths h1
Eliot Griffith 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths P
Hill George 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths P
Hinton William 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths h2
Jones Griffith 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths P
Keane Henry 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths h1
Kearn Thomas 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearth P
Langham Elizabeth 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths P
Marchent George 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths
Prichard William 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths h3
Rice George 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths h2
Robbin William 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths P
Stafford Thomas 1670 Hodgeston Pembrokeshire Hearths P
Land Tax 1791
PARISH AND PROPERTY SURNAME FORENAMES
Hodgeston Milford Lord (owner)
Hodgeston Owen Rev Arthur (owner)
Hodgeston Owens William (tenant)
Hodgeston Rogers William (tenant)
Hodgeston Skone John (tenant)
Hodgeston Vaughan James (tenant)
Hodgeston Hall Probine William (owner)
Hodgeston Hall Rogers Thomas (tenant)
Hodgeston Rectory. Jones Rev George (owner)
1847 Acc/to the State of Education in Wales report.
"On the 21st December I visited the parish which is a very small one containing only 6 farms and four resident labourers. Their children go to school in Lamphey which is an adjoining parish. The rector was non-resident; lives in Pembroke. The rate of wages here was much the same as at Lamphey viz. 8s per week on an average. There was no school of any description in the parish either day or Sunday."
1563 number of Households 8.
1670 number of Households 14.
1801 number of Households 11.
Once the centre of coal-mining district. Hook colliery was the last anthracite mine in Pembrokeshire to close, in 1948. Now there are few traces of the mines or railway tracks which once dominated the area, although two old quays can still be seen. There a few ancient cottages. Most of the village development is modern.
Palaeolithic inhabited cave.
Name probably a corruption of "Hole's Mouth or "The Oyle" situated in the side of a limestone cliff 1 1/2 miles SW of Tenby.
Part of the bones of a human skeleton and the bones of a cave bear and Irish Elk were found when the cave was examined by Professor Rolleston and E Laws in 1878.
Dug out canoe found in the Marsh near by.
EXCAVATION -- Western Mail 17 Aug 1996.
Scientists find traces of Ice Age people:- Archaeologists have uncovered new evidence about life in Wales at the end of the last Ice Age.
Dr. Stephen Aldhouse-Green of University of Wales College Newport has completed excavation work in two caves in Pembrokeshire, one of the few areas not covered by ice during the Ice Age. Dr Aldhouse-Green, whose investigations of the caves date back to 1984, said his latest findings had still to be assessed.
"We have gained a lot of knowledge about life in south Pembrokeshire during that time"."The earliest evidence of human occupation at, Hoyle's Mouth on the edge of the Ritec Valley near Tenby is an engraving tool, dating from 30,000 years ago." He said the cave was also used by palaeolithic; hunters about 12,000 years ago. On the hill above he; excavated 750 more recent flints in an area of eight square metres. "More recent still were 17 Neolithic burials at Little Hoyle, dating from 4,750 years ago, and two at Hoyle's Mouth 5000 years ago."
This rectory belonged to the Priory of Pill or Pulla and the dissolution of the monastery came into the hands of the Crown.
Described as Ecclesia de Villa Huberte this church was assessed in 1291 at £6 13s 4d - Taxatio.
There was a chapel called St Thomas's, subordinate to Hubberston. This could be the old chapel then in ruins above the fort at Pill referred to in the "Relation of the routing of his Majesties forces under the Earl of Carbery" published by order of the House of Commons in 1644.
Churches of Pembrokeshire - Slater.
Hubberston St David:The nave and chancel walls are 13c. The west tower and two chancel windows are 15c. The transepts, vestries, and porch are 19c.
1406 Master William
1406 Oct 22 John Jeffrey
1489 Richard Gely
1489 Nov 12 Thomas Dewy
1535-6 Thomas Parrish
? Rice Phillips
1556 Apr 2 Nicholas Nicoll MA.
1560 Robert Barlo
1569 John Watkins
1623 Dec 31 William Holmes
1639 Dec 8 William Prichard
1661 Thomas Freeman
1675 June 20 Charles Owen
1676 Jul 23 John Woogan
1696 Mar 25 Joshua Powell
1727 Nov 14 Theophilus Rice
1759 May 14 James Higgon
1799 Mar 21 Isaac Jones
1844 May 18 Octavius Leach
1869 May 25 John Bowen Rowlands
Parish of Monkton - Small Anglo - Norman village near Orielton the home of the Owen family - who came from Anglesey - an inhabited site since the early 12th century - Built 1743.
Several round barrows nearby [Dry Barrows].
Original yellow & black AA sign. 1933 - low red brick with red pantile roof church - Ellery Anderson - Cheltenham - architect.